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1986 Commonwealth Games

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Template:Infobox games

The 1986 Commonwealth Games (Template:Lang-gd) were held in Edinburgh, Scotland, between 24 July and 2 August 1986. They were the second Games to be held in Edinburgh.

Organisation[edit source | edit]

Unlike the 1970 Games in Edinburgh, which were popular and successful, the 1986 Games are ill-famed for the wide political boycott connected with them and the resulting financial mismanagement.[1]

Controversies[edit source | edit]

Further controversy arose when it was revealed that through this much-reduced participation and the resultant decline in anticipated broadcasting and sponsorship revenues, the Organising Committee was facing a big financial black hole. The boycott ended any prospect of securing emergency government assistance. Businessman Robert Maxwell stepped in to offer funding, taking over as chairman; but although he promised to invest £2m, his contribution was just £250,000. On a budget of £14m, the Games opened with a deficit of £3m, which later grew to £4.3m, and instead of putting enough money into the event to save it, the new chairman of the Games asked creditors to forgo half the payment due to them to keep the event out of liquidation. The debt was finally paid off in 1989, with the city of Edinburgh losing approximately £500,000.[2]

Several participants were excluded because they breached the amateurism rules, most notably lawn bowlers Phil Skoglund from New Zealand and Willie Wood from Scotland, both of whom have competed in subsequent Games.

Participating teams[edit source | edit]

Due to the boycott only 27 teams from across the Commonwealth were represented at the 1986 Games.

Participating Commonwealth countries and Territories
Participating Commonwealth countries and territories

Template:Cnote

Debuting Commonwealth countries and territories

Boycott[edit source | edit]

1986 Commonwealth Games boycotting countries dark red

The majority of Commonwealth nations staged a boycott, meaning that the Games appeared largely to be a whites-only event. Thirty two of the eligible fifty nine countries, largely African, Asian and Caribbean states, stayed away because of the Thatcher government's policy of keeping Britain's sporting links with apartheid South Africa in preference to participating in the general sporting boycott of that country. Consequently, Edinburgh 1986 witnessed the lowest turnout since Auckland 1950.[3] Bermuda was a particularly late withdrawal, as its athletes had appeared in the opening ceremony and in the opening day of competition before the Bermuda Olympic Association decided to formally withdraw.[4]

Commonwealth countries and territories that boycotted the Games

Opening ceremony[edit source | edit]

The theme of the opening ceremony celebrated the "Spirit of Youth" and included 6500 Scottish schoolchildren taking part in a series of large Mass Games-style Gymnastics routines. The theme song "Spirit of Youth" was written by Gerard Kenny. The ceremony began on the esplanade of Edinburgh Castle from which hundreds of schoolchildren ran down the Royal Mile, through Holyrood Park to Meadowbank Stadium.[6]

Venues[edit source | edit]

Medals by country[edit source | edit]

Template:Medals table

Medals by event[edit source | edit]

Aquatics[edit source | edit]

Athletics[edit source | edit]

Badminton[edit source | edit]

Bowls[edit source | edit]

Boxing[edit source | edit]

Light Flyweight  Scott Olson (CAN)  Mark Epton (ENG)  Johnston Todd (NIR)
Template:Country data SCO
Flyweight  John Lyon (ENG) Template:Country data SWZ  Kerry Webber (WAL)
 Steve Beaupré (CAN)
Bantamweight  Sean Murphy (ENG)  Roy Nash (NIR) Template:Country data SCO
Template:Country data JER
Featherweight  Billy Downey (CAN)  Peter English (ENG)  Chris Carleton (NIR)
 Johnny Wallace (NZL)
Lightweight  Asif Dar (CAN)  Neil Haddock (WAL) Template:Country data MAW
 Joey Jacobs (ENG)
Light Welterweight  Howard Grant (CAN) Template:Country data AUS  Brendan Lowe (NIR)
Template:Country data MAW
Welterweight  Darren Dyer (ENG) Template:Country data SCO  John Shaw (CAN)
 Damien Denny (NIR)
Light Middleweight  Dan Sherry (CAN) Template:Country data AUS  Glynn Thomas (WAL)
Template:Country data SCO
Middleweight  Rod Douglas (ENG) Template:Country data AUS  Patrick Tinney (NIR)
Template:Country data SCO
Light Heavyweight  Jim Moran (ENG) Template:Country data SCO  Brent Kosolofski (CAN)
Heavyweight  Jimmy Thunder (NZL) Template:Country data SCO  Dominic D'Amico (CAN)
 Eric Cardouza (ENG)
Super Heavyweight  Lennox Lewis (CAN)  Aneurin Evans (WAL)  James Oyebola (ENG)

Cycling[edit source | edit]

Track

Men
Time Trial Template:Country data AUS 00:01:06  Gary Anderson (NZL) 00:01:06 Template:Country data AUS 00:01:07
Sprint Template:Country data AUS  Alex Ongaro (CAN) Template:Country data SCO
Individual Pursuit Template:Country data AUS 00:04:44  Colin Sturgess (ENG) 00:04:51  Gary Anderson (NZL) 00:04:54
Team Pursuit  Australia
Glenn Clarke
Brett Dutton
Bill Hardy
Wayne McCarney
Dean Woods
00:04:27  New Zealand
Gary Anderson
Russell Clune
Stephen Swart
Andrew Whitford
00:04:34 Template:ENG
Chris Boardman
Gary Coltman
Rob Muzio
Jon Walshaw
Guy Rowland
overtaken
10 Miles (16 Kilometres) Scratch Template:Country data AUS 00:19:41 Template:Country data AUS 00:19:41  Gary Anderson (NZL) 00:19:41

Road

Men
Road Race  Paul Curran (ENG) 04:08:50  Brian Fowler (NZL) 04:08:50 Template:Country data AUS 04:08:50
Team Time Trial Template:ENG
Alan Gornall
Deno Davie
Keith Reynolds
Paul Curran
02:13:16  New Zealand
Blair Cox
Graeme Miller
Gregory Fraine
Paul Leitch
02:14:50 Template:NIR
Alastair Irvine
Cormac McCann
Joseph Barr
Martin Quinn
02:16:13

Rowing[edit source | edit]

Men
Single sculls Template:ENG
Steve Redgrave
00:07:28  Australia
Richard Powell
00:07:33  New Zealand
Eric Verdonk
00:07:39
Double sculls  Canada
Bruce Ford
Pat Walter
00:06:19  Australia
Paul Reedy
Brenton Terrell
00:06:21 Template:ENG
Carl Smith
Allan Whitwell
00:06:34
Coxless pair Template:ENG
Andy Holmes
Steve Redgrave
00:06:40  New Zealand
Barrie Mabbott
Ian Wright
00:06:43 Template:SCO
Ewan Stuart
David Riches
00:06:43
Coxless four  Canada
Grant Main
Kevin Neufeld
Paul Steele
Pat Turner
00:06:01  New Zealand
Andrew Stevenson
Shane O'Brien
Neil Gibson
Don Symon
00:06:01 Template:ENG
Graham Faultless
Richard Ireland
Mostyn Field
Humphry Hatton
00:06:06
Coxed four Template:ENG
Martin Cross
Adam Clift
Andy Holmes
Steve Redgrave
Adrian Ellison
00:06:08  New Zealand
Nigel Atherfold
Chris White
Greg Johnston
Bruce Holden
Andrew Bird
00:06:10  Australia
Mark Doyle
James Galloway
Mike McKay
James Tomkins
Dale Caterson
00:06:11
Eights  Australia
James Galloway
Malcolm Batten
Andrew Cooper
Mike McKay
Mark Doyle
James Tomkins
Ion Popa
Steve Evans
Dale Caterson
00:05:44 Template:ENG
John Garrett
John Maxey
Jonathan Spencer-Jones
Mark Buckingham
Patrick Broughton
Richard Stanhope
Stephen Peel
Terence Dillon
Vaughan Thomas
00:05:46  New Zealand
Mike Burrell[7]
Neil Gibson[8]
Barrie Mabbott[9]
Shane O'Brien[10]
Andrew Stevenson[11]
Don Symon[12]
Carl Vincent[13]
Ian Wright[14]
Andy Hay (cox)[15]
00:05:48
Lightweight single sculls  Australia
Peter Antonie
00:07:16  Canada
Peter Tattersall
00:07:27 Template:ENG
Carl Smith
00:07:27
Lightweight coxless four Template:ENG
Christopher Bates
Peter Haining
Neil Staite
Stuart Forbes
00:06:26  Australia
Simon Cook
Brian Digby
Merrick Howes
Joseph Joyce
00:06:28  Canada
Dave Henry
Brian Peaker
Bob Thomas
Ryan Tierney
00:06:36
Women
Single sculls  New Zealand
Stephanie Foster
00:07:43  Canada
Lisa Wright
00:07:49 Template:ENG
Gillian Bond
00:07:53
Double sculls  New Zealand
Stephanie Foster
Robin Clarke
00:07:22  Canada
Heather Clarke
Lisa Robertson
00:07:49 Template:ENG
Diane Prince
Claire Parker
00:07:55
Coxless pair  Canada
Kathryn Barr
Andrea Schreiner
00:07:35 Template:ENG
Pauline Bird
Flo Johnston
00:07:42  Australia
Catherine Hall
Alison Smith
00:07:53
Coxed four  Canada
Tina Clarke
Tricia Smith
Lesley Thompson
Jane Tregunno
Jenny Wallinga
00:06:50  Australia
Deborah Bassett
Susan Chapman-Popa
Robyn Grey-Gardner
Marilyn Kidd
Kaylynn Fry
00:06:54 Template:ENG
Joanne Gough
Ann Callaway
Kate Holroyd
Trish Reid
Alison Norrish
00:07:06
Eights  Australia
Annelies Voorthuis
Deborah Bassett
Kaylynn Fry
Margot Foster
Marilyn Kidd
Robyn Grey-Gardner
Susan Chapman
Urszula Anne Kay
Vicki Spooner
00:06:44 Template:ENG
Pauline Bird
Alison Bonner
Ann Callaway
Kate Grose
Joanne Gough
Kate Holroyd
Flo Johnston
Alison Norrish
Trish Reid
00:06:46  Canada
Angela Schneider
Brenda Taylor
Carla Pace
Cathy Harry
Cathy Lund
Gill Saxby
Sandy Coppinger
Sarah Ogilvy
Susan Beck
NTT
Lightweight single sculls  Australia
Adair Ferguson
00:07:45  New Zealand
Philippa Baker
00:07:46  Canada
Heather Hattin
00:07:52
Lightweight coxless four Template:ENG
Alexa Forbes
Gillian Hodges
Lin Clark
Judith Burne
00:06:55  Australia
Deborah Clingeleffer
Amanda Cross
Virginia Lee
Karin Riedel
00:07:00  Canada
Anne Drost
Marni Hamilton
Marlene van der Horst
Wendy Wiebe
00:07:01

Shooting[edit source | edit]

Pistol

Men/Open
Free Pistol  Greg Yelavich (NZL) 551 Template:Country data AUS
 Ho Kar Fai (HKG)
549
Free Pistol – Pairs  Canada
Tom Guinn
Claude Beaulieu
1099 Template:ENG
Paul Leatherdale
Richard Wang
1090  Australia
Phil Adams
Bengt Sandström
1085
Centre-Fire Pistol  Bob Northover (ENG) 583 Template:Country data AUS 582 Template:Country data AUS 580
Centre-Fire Pistol – Pairs  Australia
Phil Adams
Rod Hack
1165 Template:ENG
Bob Northover
Michael Cutler
1157  New Zealand
Rex Hamilton
Barry O'Neale
1153
Rapid-Fire Pistol Template:Country data AUS 591 Template:Country data GGY 588  Mark Howkins (CAN) 585
Rapid-Fire Pistol – Pairs Template:ENG
Brian Girling
Terry Turner
1169  Australia
Pat Murray
Jack Mast
1152  Canada
Mark Howkins
André Chevrefils
1150
Air Pistol  Greg Yelavich (NZL) 575  Tom Guinn (CAN) 574  Gilbert U (HKG) 574
Air Pistol – Pairs Template:ENG
Paul Leatherdale
Ian Reid
1143  Australia
Phil Adams
Bruce Favell
1143  New Zealand
Greg Yelavich
Barrie Wickens
1140

Rifle

Men/Open
Small Bore Rifle, Prone Template:Country data AUS 599 Template:Country data SCO 598  Gale Stewart (CAN)
Template:Country data SCO
597
Small Bore Rifle, Prone – Pairs  Canada
Michael Ashcroft
Gale Stewart
1175  Australia
Donald Brook
Alan Smith
1171 Template:WAL
Terry Wakefield
Colin Harris
1165
Small Bore Rifle, Three Positions  Malcolm Cooper (ENG) 1170 Template:Country data SCO 1167  Jean-François Sénécal (CAN) 1150
Small Bore Rifle, Three Positions – Pairs Template:ENG
Malcolm Cooper
Sarah Cooper
2278  Canada
Jean-François Sénécal
Michael Dion
2276 Template:SCO
Alister Allan
Bill MacNeill
2241
Full Bore Rifle Template:Country data AUS 396  Alain Marion (CAN) 396  John Bloomfield (ENG) 395
Full Bore Rifle – Pairs  Canada
Bill Baldwin
Alain Marion
583  Australia
James Corbett
Stan Golinski
583 Template:NIR
David Calvert
Martin Millar
582
Air Rifle  Guy Lorion (CAN) 588  Sharon Bowes (CAN) 583  Malcolm Cooper (ENG) 582
Air Rifle – Pairs  Canada
Guy Lorion
Sharon Bowes
1167  Australia
Wolfgang Jobst
Anton Wurfel
1151 Template:ENG
Malcolm Cooper
Robert Smith
1146

Shotgun

Men/Open
Trap  Ian Peel (ENG) 195  Peter Boden (ENG) 192  Roland Phillips (WAL) 192
Trap – Pairs Template:ENG
Peter Boden
Ian Peel
185 Template:NIR
Tom Hewitt
Eamon Furphy
183  Australia
Terry Rumbel
Domingo Diaz
183
Skeet  Nigel Kelly (IOM) 196  Joe Neville (ENG)
 Brian Gabriel (CAN)
195
Skeet – Pairs Template:ENG
Joe Neville
Ken Harman
195  Canada
Brian Gabriel
Don Kwasyncia
193  New Zealand
John Woolley
Jeff Farrell
189

Weightlifting[edit source | edit]

Men
Flyweight – Overall Template:Country data AUS 212.5 Template:Country data SCO 185 Template:Country data SCO 177.5
Bantamweight – Overall Template:Country data AUS 245  Clayton Chelley (NZL) 217.5 Template:Country data SIN 215
Featherweight – Overall  Ray Williams (WAL) 252.5 Template:Country data AUS 250  Jeffrey Brice (WAL) 235
Lightweight – Overall  Dean Willey (ENG) 315 Template:Country data AUS 307.5  Langis Côté (CAN) 290
Middleweight – Overall Template:Country data AUS 302.5  Louis Payer (CAN) 300  Neil Taylor (WAL) 270
Light Heavyweight – Overall  Dave Morgan (WAL) 350 Template:Country data AUS 325  Peter May (ENG) 317.5
Middle Heavyweight – Overall  Keith Boxell (ENG) 350  David Mercer (ENG) 342.5  Guy Greavette (CAN) 340
Sub Heavyweight – Overall  Denis Garon (CAN) 360  Duncan Dawkins (ENG) 332.5  Andrew Saxton (ENG) 327.5
Heavyweight – Overall  Kevin Roy (CAN) 375 Template:Country data AUS 372.5  Andrew Davies (WAL) 370
Super Heavyweight – Overall Template:Country data AUS 392.5  David Bolduc (CAN) 347.5 Template:Country data AUS 342.5

Wrestling[edit source | edit]

Men
Light Flyweight  Ron Moncur (CAN)  Duncan Burns (ENG) Template:Country data SCO
Flyweight  Chris Woodcroft (CAN) Template:Country data AUS  Nigel Donohue (ENG)
Bantamweight  Mitch Ostberg (CAN)  Steve Reinsfield (NZL)  Brian Aspen (ENG)
Featherweight  Paul Hughes (CAN) Template:Country data AUS  Stephen Bell (NZL)
Lightweight  Dave McKay (CAN) Template:Country data AUS  Steve Cooper (ENG)
Welterweight  Gary Holmes (CAN) Template:Country data AUS  Fitz Walker (ENG)
Middleweight  Chris Rinke (CAN) Template:Country data AUS  Tony Bull (ENG)
Light Heavyweight  Noel Loban (ENG)  Doug Cox (CAN) Template:Country data SCO
Heavyweight  Clark Davis (CAN)  Robert Algie (NZL)  David Kilpin (ENG)
Super Heavyweight  Wayne Brightwell (CAN) Template:Country data SCO  Keith Peache (ENG)

See also[edit source | edit]

References[edit source | edit]

  1. "The forgotten story of … Robert Maxwell's 1986 Commonwealth Games | Sport | theguardian.com". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 7 April 2017. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
  2. "Glasgow makes final call for 2014 Games - Athletics - Scotsman.com". News.scotsman.com. 9 May 2007. Archived from the original on 17 May 2007. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
  3. "Scottish independence referendum will increase interest in Glasgow 2014, it is claimed | Glasgow 2014". insidethegames.biz. 29 February 2012. Archived from the original on 11 August 2012. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
  4. Fraser, Graham (25 April 2014). Glasgow 2014: The Bermuda boycott of 1986 that still hurts Archived 11 November 2014 at the Wayback Machine. BBC Sport. Retrieved on 2 November 2014.
  5. 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 5.14 5.15 5.16 5.17 5.18 5.19 5.20 "8 More Nations Join Boycott of Commonwealth Games; Total Now 23". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 21 February 2017. Retrieved 20 February 2017.
  6. "Power From Within – Commonwealth Games 1986 Opening Ceremony – YouTube". youtube.com. Archived from the original on 30 July 2016. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
  7. "Mike Burrell". New Zealand Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 3 May 2017. Retrieved 29 October 2016.
  8. "Neil Gibson". New Zealand Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 31 October 2016. Retrieved 29 October 2016.
  9. "Barrie Mabbott". New Zealand Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 19 April 2017. Retrieved 29 October 2016.
  10. "Shane O'Brien". New Zealand Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 3 May 2017. Retrieved 29 October 2016.
  11. "Andrew Stevenson". New Zealand Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 18 April 2017. Retrieved 29 October 2016.
  12. "Don Symon". New Zealand Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 30 October 2016. Retrieved 29 October 2016.
  13. "Carl Vincent". New Zealand Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 3 May 2017. Retrieved 29 October 2016.
  14. "Ian Wright". New Zealand Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 18 April 2017. Retrieved 29 October 2016.
  15. "Andrew Hay". New Zealand Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 18 April 2017. Retrieved 29 October 2016.

External links[edit source | edit]


Preceded by
Brisbane
Commonwealth Games
Edinburgh
XIII Commonwealth Games
Succeeded by
Auckland

Template:Commonwealth Games years Template:Commonwealth Games Medal Counts

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