2013 Moscow mayoral election

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2013 Moscow mayoral election
Template:Country data Moscow
← 2003 September 8, 2013 2018 →
  Sergey Sobyanin Alexey Navalny Ivan Melnikov
Candidate Sergey Sobyanin Alexei Navalny Ivan Melnikov
Party Independent politician Republican Party of Russia – People's Freedom Party Communist Party of the Russian Federation
Popular vote 1,193,178 632,697 248,294
Percentage 51.37% 27.24% 10.69%

  Sergey Mitrokhin Mihail Degtyarev Nikolay Levichev
Candidate Sergey Mitrokhin Mikhail Degtyarev Nikolay Levichev
Party Yabloko Liberal Democratic Party of Russia A Just Russia
Popular vote 81,493 66,232 64,779
Percentage 3.51% 2.86% 2.79%

Mayor before election

Sergey Sobyanin
Independent politician

Elected Mayor

Sergey Sobyanin
Independent politician

The Moscow mayoral election of 2013 was held on September 8, 2013, as part of the regional elections, at the same time as the elections in Moscow Oblast and other Oblasts were held.

Elections were held after Mayor Sergey Sobyanin had announced his departure on June 4. The elections were the first time in 10 years that citizens of the federal city of Moscow could choose their mayor by a popular vote.[1]

Moscow is both a city and separate federal subject, according to the Constitution of Russia.[2] Most of federal subjects are headed by governors or presidents, but the office of the head of Moscow is called Mayor of Moscow, according to the Charter of the city of Moscow.[3] Sergey Sobyanin won with 51.37% of the vote in the first round, with Alexei Navalny receiving 27.24% of the vote, significantly more than previously expected by the polls. Sobyanin was declared the winner after the first round. Voter turnout was 33.23%.[4] The total number of registered voters was 7,176,568.[5]

Background[edit source | edit]

The position of Mayor of Moscow was elected between 1991 and 2004. In 2004, Vladimir Putin suggested a law to abolish direct elections of governors, the Moscow mayor, and presidents of Russian regions. The law was swiftly adopted by the parliament.[6] The new legislation moved the election system to an indirect one in which parliamentary political parties and the President of Russia nominated a candidate who must then have been approved by the Moscow City Duma. Following the 2011–13 Russian protests which followed the 2011 parliamentary election, President Dmitry Medvedev offered to re-introduce the direct elections of the governors and the mayor of Moscow, and corresponding legislation was approved by the Parliament.[7]

On June 5, 2013, the incumbent mayor, Sergey Sobyanin, who was nominated as mayor in 2010, announced his resignation from the post. Russian law allows the mayor to resign and run again for the same office if the president gives his approval.[8] A short time later, Sobyanin confirmed his intention to stand for election.[9]

Regulations[edit source | edit]

A candidate to the office must be citizen of the Russian Federation over the age of 30. Self-nomination of candidates for the post of Mayor of Moscow, and the collection of signatures of 1% of Moscow voters (about 73 000 signatures[10][11][12]) in support of the nomination shall be made within 30 days of the official publication of the decision to call the election. Or alternatively these signatures are not needed for candidates from registered political party.[13]

Each of the political parties (electoral blocks were cancelled in the early 2000s) can nominate only one candidate for the post of mayor. In this case, the candidate can not give consent to be nominated from several polling organizations. The candidate nominated by self-nomination cannot give consent to be nominated in the same election by an electoral association.[13]

A candidate for mayor of Moscow may have up to 100 "trusted representatives".[13] The maximum amount of a candidate's election fund shall not exceed 200 million rubles. In the second round of this amount may be increased by 10 percent.[13]

Municipal filter[edit source | edit]

Ballot of the election

All registered candidates are required to pass so called municipal filter introduced be a federal law of 2012:[14] all candidates are required to receive support from at least 6% of elected municipal deputies or heads of municipalities. Those supporting municipal deputies should represent no less than 75% of the federal subject's municipalities. One deputy can only support one candidate.[13] For Moscow 2013 elections it means that every candidate should provide signatures of at least 110 elected municipal deputies representing 75% of all Moscow municipalities.[11] Since most municipalities are controlled by the United Russia party the municipal filter is especially hard to pass for the opposition candidates.[15]

Criteria for election[edit source | edit]

To be elected a candidate must get more than 50% of votes. If no one achieves 50%, a runoff is to be held in 14 days. Only the two most successful candidates from the first round participate in the second round.[13]

Election date[edit source | edit]

In a vote held on June 6, 27 members of Moscow City Duma backed the proposed date, and only two voted against it.[16]

Registered candidates[edit source | edit]

Registration for the election was completed on July 17.[17]

Potential candidates[edit source | edit]

About 40 persons wanted to participate in the elections.[23]

candidates who failed "municipal filter", not allowed to participate in elections[24]
only stated about their participation

Results[edit source | edit]

Navalny result by district
Sobyanin result by district

The results were (turnout was 32.07%):[33]

See also[edit source | edit]

References[edit source | edit]

  1. В Москве состоятся первые выборы мэра за 10 лет (in Russian). Euronews. April 6, 2013. Retrieved August 2, 2013.
  2. Constitution of the Russian Federation, 65-1
  3. http://constitution.garant.ru/region/ustav_moskv/chapter/1/#block_5
  4. "Archived copy" "При Лужкове такого не было": москвичи показали рекордно низкую явку (in Russian). Rbc.ru. September 9, 2013. Archived from the original on September 10, 2013. Retrieved September 9, 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. http://www.cikrf.ru/izbiratel/quantity/010713.html
  6. Цыбульский, Владимир (January 24, 2013). Синдром отмены (in Russian). Lenta.ru. Retrieved August 21, 2013.
  7. "Russia's Medvedev Proposes Direct Elections Of Governors".
  8. "Sobyanin's Early Election Stunt". Moscow Times. Retrieved June 29, 2013.
  9. "Moscow City Hall Sets Snap Mayoral Election Date". RIA Novosti. Retrieved June 29, 2013.
  10. http://www.gazeta.ru/politics/news/2013/07/01/n_3009401.shtml
  11. 11.0 11.1 http://ria.ru/politics/20130701/946817829.html
  12. http://lenta.ru/news/2013/07/09/registr
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 13.4 13.5 "Выборы мэра Москвы 2013". Novoye Mneniye. Archived from the original on November 14, 2013. Retrieved August 22, 2013.
  14. Smaylov, Alexey. "В России будет введен муниципальный отбор кандидатов в губернаторы". km.ru.
  15. "Муниципальный фильтр обернулся "бегом вокруг психбольницы"". RBC Information Systems.
  16. Лазуренко, Алексей (June 7, 2013). Выборы мэра Москвы пройдут в Единый день голосования 8-го сентября (in Russian). ОАО Телерадиокомпания «Петербург». Retrieved August 20, 2013.
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 17.4 Завершена регистрация кандидатов на пост мэра Москвы (in Russian). Gazeta.ru. July 17, 2013. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
  18. 18.0 18.1 http://moscow.er.ru/persons/346/
  19. http://moscow.er.ru/persons/presidium/
  20. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 16, 2013. Retrieved July 12, 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  21. 21.0 21.1 Smolchenko, Anna (July 17, 2013). "Navalny Moscow mayoral bid accepted ahead of verdict". Fox News. Retrieved July 18, 2013.
  22. "Archived copy" А.Навальный стал кандидатом в мэры от РПР-ПАРНАС (in Russian). RBC Daily. June 14, 2013. Archived from the original on July 19, 2013. Retrieved August 2, 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  23. 23.0 23.1 23.2 "Мосгоризбирком завершил прием документов у кандидатов в мэры Москвы". RIA Novosti. June 11, 2013. Archived from the original on January 12, 2014. Retrieved August 22, 2013.
  24. Сведения о кандидатах на должность главы местного самоуправления (in Russian). Московская городская избирательная комиссия. Retrieved August 22, 2013.
  25. Глеб Фетисов сдал в Мосгоризбирком подписи муниципальных депутатов. m24.ru (in Russian). July 11, 2013. Retrieved August 21, 2013.
  26. "Светлана Пеунова сдала документы в МГИК, но без необходимого числа подписей депутатов" (in Russian). ИА REGNUM. Retrieved August 21, 2013.
  27. "Музыкант Паук подал документы для выдвижения кандидатом в мэры Москвы". RIA Novosti. June 14, 2013.
  28. "Координатор волонтеров ЧС Алена Попова подала документы на участие в выборах мэра Москвы". 24 June 2013. kasparov.ru.
  29. "Шоладеми решил снять свою кандидатуру с выборов в мэры Москвы". RIA Novosti. July 9, 2013.
  30. "Темнокожий блогер Шоладеми стал кандидатом в мэры Москвы". Polit.ru.
  31. "Наталья Чернышева и Андрей Нечаев представили программу к выборам мэра Москвы". Moskovskiye Novosti. June 18, 2013.
  32. "Почему Зюганов послал своего зама на выборы мэра Москвы?". TASS-analytics. June 26, 2013. Archived from the original on August 22, 2013. Retrieved August 22, 2013.
  33. Moscow City Vybory Izbirkom

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Template:Moscow elections

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