2016 timeline of the War in Somalia

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This is a 2016 timeline of events in the Somali Civil War (2009–present).

General map of Somalia


January[edit source | edit]

  • January 1 – Gunmen open fire at a mosque near Mogadishu, killing 1 person and injuring 4 others including a Turkish aid worker. No one has claimed responsibility for the attacks but al-Shabaab are suspected to have orchestrated the attack.[1]
  • January 2 – A popular restaurant in Mogadishu is attacked by a suicide bomber, killing 4 people including himself.[2]
  • January 15 – al-Shabaab militants had raided an African Union base in southern Somalia with unconfirmed reports of dozens of soldiers being killed in the process.[3]
  • January 21 – al-Shabaab militants attack the lido or beach area in Mogadishu, killing at least 20 people.[4]

February[edit source | edit]

  • February 2 – Daallo Airlines Flight 159 explodes in mid-air with only the suicide bomber dying but 2 remain injured.[5]
  • February 5 – al-Shabaab has claimed to have seized control over the southern port town of Marka after Somali forces and AU forces leave.[6]
  • February 15 – A car bomb in Mogadishu kills the defence minister and injures another.[7]
  • February 26 – al-Shabaab militants raid the Somali Youth League hotel in Mogadishu, killing 14 people.[8]
  • February 28 – At least 30 people are killed by al-Shabaab militants who bombed a restaurant near the town of Baidoa.[9]

March[edit source | edit]

  • March 7 – According to the Pentagon, US air strikes kill at least 150 al-Shabaab militants near the city of Buloburde.[10] The Australian Navy also seizes an arms cache off Oman's coast heading towards Somalia.[11]
  • March 9 – US troops stage an overnight raid on the al-Shabaab controlled city of Awdhegele in the Lower Shebelle region.[12]
  • March 28 – At least 115 al-Shabaab militants are killed by Somali forces in the Galmudug region with an extra 110 captured.[13]
  • March 31 – A suicide bomber in Puntland kills the treasurer of Galkayo, Saeed Ali, by hugging him, along with several officers guarding him.[14]

April[edit source | edit]

  • April 1 – A US drone strike reportedly kills a key al-Shabaab leader, Hassan Ali Dhoore, in Jilib and two other militants.[15]
  • April 11 – At least five people are killed and seven others injured by a car bomb claimed by al-Shabaab against a government building in Mogadishu.[16]
  • April 12 – For the past two days, US officials claim air strikes in southern Somalia killed a dozen suspected al-Shabaab militants.[17]
  • April 16 – African Union troops kill 4 Somali civilians in the town of Bulla Marer in the south of Mogadishu. The AU mission claimed that soldiers had opened fire on a car in fear as the civilians failed to stop at a roadblock.[18]

May[edit source | edit]

  • May 2 – The first British troops are deployed in Somalia to help combat al-Shabaab as part of a UN mission.[19]
  • May 9 – A suicide car bomb claimed by al-Shabaab blows up at Mogadishu's traffic police headquarters killing 4, including at least 2 Somali police officers.[20]

June[edit source | edit]

  • June 1 – al-Shabaab militants claim responsibility for a car bomb on a hotel in Mogadishu killing 16 and injuring a further 55.[21] At the same time, the US declares an air strike killed a top al-Shabaab commander, Abdullahi Da'ud.[22]
  • June 2 – At least 16 al-Shabaab militants are killed in a raid by Somali forces near Kismayo, including the mastermind behind the Garissa University College attack.[23]
  • June 9 – al-Shabaab claims to have killed 60 Ethiopian troops at an AU base.[24]
  • June 21 – Five police officers in Kenya are killed in an ambush by al-Shabaab near their convoy in El Wak, Kenya.[25]
  • June 25 – An attack by gunmen on a hotel in Mogadishu sees at least 15 deaths, 25 injuries and an unknown number of hostages taken by al-Shabaab.[26]
  • June 29 – Five suspected militants are killed by Kenyan forces in Lamu County after a clash and Malindi.[27]

July[edit source | edit]

  • July 1 – At least six are shot dead and several wounded by al-Shabaab militants in two ambushed buses in Mandera, Kenya near the border with Somalia.[28]
  • July 11 – A clash between Somali forces and al-Shabaab sees 10 Somali troops killed and 12 al-Shabaab militants killed in Afgooye, Lower Shabelle.[29]
  • July 14 – An alleged al-Shabaab militant shoots and kills four police officers in Kapenguria, Kenya. However, it is later revealed that it was a rogue officer instead.[30]
  • July 26 – al-Shabaab claims responsibility for a double suicide car bombing near an AU base in Mogadishu at the airport killing at least 13 including seven UN guards.[31]

August[edit source | edit]

  • August 21 – At least 20 people are killed in a twin suicide bombing by al-Shabaab against a Puntland local government office in Galkayo.[32]
  • August 30 – At least 10 people are killed by a car bomb detonated by al-Shabaab outside the President of Somalia's office.[33]

October[edit source | edit]

  • October 1 – Four people are killed with five injured by an al-Shabaab attack on a prison near Mogadishu.[34] The Somali government also demands an explanation from the US after 22 civilians and other soldiers were killed in airstrikes in Galmudug as opposed to al-Shabaab militants.[35]
  • October 4 – Somali forces kill 14 al-Shabaab militants in a raid in the Lower Shabelle region.[36]
  • October 6 – At least 6 people are killed in an al-Shabaab attack in neighboring Kenya's Mandera.[37]
  • October 25 – An intelligence officer is shot dead by an al-Shabaab militant in Mogadishu.[38]
  • October 26 – A militant group aligned with the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant seizes Qandala in Puntland.[39]

November[edit source | edit]

  • November 7 – A fight between militias in Galkayo kills 29 people and wounds 50 more.[40]
  • November 26 – At least 20 people are killed in another car bomb attack in Mogadishu at a market. Somali forces arrest a suspect.[41]
  • November 28 – At least 28 people are killed in a clash between militia and al-Shabaab in the southern Mudug region.[42]
  • November 29 – A roadside bomb kills at least 4 Somali soldiers and leaves 11 others injured while forces have mulled an attack on ISIL.[43]

December[edit source | edit]

  • December 3 – Somali forces kill seven insurgents loyal to ISIL in a clash in the north of the country.[44]

See also[edit source | edit]

References[edit source | edit]

  1. "Turkish aid worker injured, Somali local killed in deadly Somalia attack".
  2. "Suicide bomber kills three in Somali capital, police say".
  3. "Al-Shabab seizes African Union base in Somalia".
  4. "Somali forces end Mogadishu restaurant siege after deadly attack".
  5. "Blast blows hole in commercial plane over Somalia; 1 falls and dies".
  6. "Somalia's al Shabaab takes control of port".
  7. "Islamists kill Somalia's former defense minister with car bomb".
  8. "Mogadishu hotel attack: 14 dead as building in Somali capital stormed by al-Shabaab jihadists".
  9. "Islamist group kills 30 in twin blasts in Somali town".
  10. "US drone, air strike kills more than 150 al-Shabaab fighters, Pentagon reveals".
  11. "Australian Navy says seizes huge weapons cache headed for Somalia".
  12. "US troops in helicopter-borne raid in Somalia: Pentagon".
  13. "Somali forces kill 'more than 100' al-Shabab fighters".
  14. "Terrorism In Somalia: Al-Shabab Suicide Bomber Hugs Puntland Official Before Detonating".
  15. "Officials: al-Shabab leader killed in Somalia drone strike".
  16. "Al-Shabab attack in Somali capital Mogadishu kills five".
  17. "U.S. air strikes kill suspected al Shabaab militants in Somalia".
  18. "African Union troops in Somalia kill four civilians".
  19. "First British troops arrive in Somalia as part of UN mission".
  20. "Al Shabaab car bomb attack kills at least two Somali police".
  21. "Al Shabaab car bomber strikes hotel in Somali capital, at least 15 dead".
  22. "U.S. airstrike kills key al-Shabab leader; terrorist group bombs Somali hotel".
  23. "Garissa university attack plotter Mohamed Kuno 'dead'".
  24. "Ethiopia base in Somalia attacked by al-Shabab".
  25. "Kenya: Five police killed in 'al-Shabab convoy attack'".
  26. "Gunmen Take Guests Hostage at Somalia Hotel, 14 Killed: Report".
  27. "Kenyan forces kill five suspected Islamist militants".
  28. "Children killed in attack on buses in northern Kenya".
  29. "Al-Shabab fighters attack Somali army base".
  30. "Kenya station attacker was rogue officer, not Islamist militant: police".
  31. "Al-Shabab bombs target African Union troops in Somalia".
  32. "Twin suicide bombs claimed by al Shabaab kill 20 people in Somalia".
  33. Sheikh, Abdi; Omar, Feisal (30 August 2016). "Car bomb outside Somali President's Palace kills at least 10". Reuters.
  34. "Al-Shabaab claims responsibility for deadly car bomb near Somali prison".
  35. "Somalia says US air strike killed civilians not al-Shabab".
  36. "14 al-Shabaab fighters killed in Somalia".
  37. "Somali Islamist militants kill six in Kenya attack".
  38. "Al Shabaab gunmen kill intelligence officer in Somali capital".
  39. "Islamic State-aligned group takes Somali town, say officials".
  40. "Fighting in Somalia's Galkayo city kills 29".
  41. "Somali Forces Arrest Suspect in Deadly Market Attack".
  42. "Over twenty people killed in clashes between Al-Shabaab and locals in central Somalia".
  43. "Bomb kills four Somali soldiers as forces mull attack on Islamic State".
  44. "Somali forces kill seven in clash with faction loyal to Islamic State".

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