2020 Burundian general election
General elections will be held in Burundi on 20 May 2020 to elect both the president and the National Assembly. If no presidential candidate receives a majority of the vote, a second round will be held on 19 June.
Electoral system[edit source | edit]
The president is elected using the two-round system. If no candidate receives a majority of the vote in the first round, a second round will be held. 100 members of the National Assembly are elected from 18 multi-member constituencies based on the provinces using the closed list proportional representation system. Seats are allocated using the d'Hondt method with a national 2% electoral threshold. A further three members of the Twa ethnic group are appointed, and more members are co-opted to ensure a 60-40 split between Hutus and Tutsis, and a 30% quota for female MPs.
The 39-seat Senate consists of 36 indirectly-elected members and three appointed Twa representatives. The 36 indirectly-elected members are elected from 18 two-seat constituencies based on the provinces, with each province electing one Hutu and one Tutsi member. The elections are held using a three-round system, in which a candidate must receive a supermajority (two-thirds) of the vote in the first and second round to be elected; if the threshold is not crossed, a third round of voting is held featuring the top two candidates.
Campaign[edit source | edit]
Incumbent President Pierre Nkurunziza, in power since 2005, announced in December 2018 that he would not contest the elections. In response, the main opposition alliance, CNARED, announced that they would return from exile in Belgium to participate in the elections for the first time since 2005.
In January 2020 the CNDD–FDD chose the party's secretary general Evariste Ndayishimiye as its presidential candidate. In February, the National Congress for Liberty selected Agathon Rwasa as their candidate.
Conduct[edit source | edit]
In December 2017 the government introduced a voluntary election levy. However, Human Rights Watch accused the youth wing of the ruling CNDD–FDD and local government officials of extorting the money from citizens in the buildup to the elections, sometimes demanding the donation multiple times.
References[edit source | edit]
- Burundi’s main opposition leader announces election bid Andalou, 18 November 2019
- Republic of Burundi: Election for President IFES
- Electoral system IPU
- Elections held in 2005 IPU
- Electoral system IPU
- Nkurunziza rules out running again Development and Cooperation, 2 October 2019
- Burundi's Exiled Main Opposition Alliance Plans to Participate in 2020 Vote VOA News, 16 December 2019
- Burundi ruling party picks Ndayishimiye as candidate in May poll Al-Jazeera, 26 January 2020
- Burundi opposition party picks Agathon Rwasa to run for president Al Jazeera, 16 February 2020
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- Burundi: Elections ‘Levy’ Opens Door to Abuse Human Rights Watch, 6 December 2019