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2020 Formula One World Championship

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Template:F1 season

Valtteri Bottas leads the World Championship after the first round.
Lewis Hamilton is currently defending champion

The 2020 FIA Formula One World Championship is a motor racing championship for Formula One cars which marks the 70th anniversary of the first Formula One season.[1][lower-alpha 1] The championship is recognised by the governing body of international motorsport, the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), as the highest class of competition for open-wheel racing cars. Drivers and teams are scheduled to compete for the titles of World Drivers' Champion and World Constructors' Champion respectively.

The championship was originally due to start in March,[2] but was postponed until July in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The season was due to be contested over a record 22 Grands Prix, but the exact number is now uncertain as some races have been cancelled and there is no certainty that all postponed races can be held on later dates. The season started in July with the Template:F1 GP.[3]

Lewis Hamilton and Mercedes are the reigning World Drivers' and World Constructors' champions respectively, after they both won their sixth championships in 2019.

Entries[edit source | edit]

The following teams and drivers are currently under contract to compete in the 2020 World Championship. All teams compete with tyres supplied by Pirelli.[4]

Teams and drivers competing in the 2020 World Championship
Entrant Constructor Chassis Power unit Race drivers
No. Driver name Rounds
Template:Country data CHE Alfa Romeo Racing ORLEN[5] Alfa Romeo Racing-Ferrari C39[5] Ferrari 065 7
99
Template:Country data FIN Kimi Räikkönen
Italy Antonio Giovinazzi
1
1
Italy Scuderia AlphaTauri Honda AlphaTauri-Honda AT01[6] Honda RA620H[7] 10
26
France Pierre Gasly
Russia Daniil Kvyat
1
1
Italy Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari SF1000[8] Ferrari 065[9] 5
16
Germany Sebastian Vettel
Monaco Charles Leclerc
1
1
United States Haas F1 Team Haas-Ferrari VF-20[10] Ferrari 065 8
20
France Romain Grosjean
Template:Country data DEN Kevin Magnussen
1
1
United Kingdom McLaren F1 Team McLaren-Renault MCL35[11] Renault E-Tech 20[12] 4
55
United Kingdom Lando Norris
Spain Carlos Sainz Jr.
1
1
Germany Mercedes-AMG Petronas F1 Team Mercedes F1 W11[13] Mercedes-AMG F1 M11[14] 44
77
United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton
Template:Country data FIN Valtteri Bottas
1
1
United Kingdom BWT Racing Point F1 Team[15] Racing Point-BWT Mercedes RP20[16] BWT Mercedes[lower-alpha 2] 11
18
Mexico Sergio Pérez
Canada Lance Stroll
1
1
Template:Country data AUT Aston Martin Red Bull Racing Red Bull Racing-Honda RB16[18] Honda RA620H 23
33
Template:Country data THA Alexander Albon
Template:Country data NLD Max Verstappen
1
1
France Renault DP World F1 Team[19] Renault R.S.20[20] Renault E-Tech 20[21] 3
31
Template:Country data AUS Daniel Ricciardo
France Esteban Ocon
1
1
United Kingdom Williams Racing[22] Williams-Mercedes FW43[23] Mercedes-AMG F1 M11[24] 6
63
Canada Nicholas Latifi
United Kingdom George Russell
1
1
Sources:[20][25]

Team changes[edit source | edit]

Red Bull GmbH, the parent company of Red Bull Racing and Scuderia Toro Rosso, renamed Toro Rosso as "Scuderia AlphaTauri". The team uses the constructor name "AlphaTauri".[20] The name is derived from Red Bull's AlphaTauri fashion brand.[26]

Driver changes[edit source | edit]

After a year's absence, Esteban Ocon returned to racing in Formula One after signing a contract with Renault, replacing Nico Hülkenberg.[27] Robert Kubica left Williams at the end of the 2019 championship and joined Alfa Romeo Racing as a reserve driver.[5] Nicholas Latifi, the 2019 Formula 2 Championship runner-up, replaced Kubica at Williams.[28][29]

Calendar[edit source | edit]

Circuits originally scheduled to host a Grand Prix in 2020 are marked with a black dot.

Twenty-two Grands Prix were originally scheduled for the 2020 World Championship. The COVID-19 pandemic is causing frequent revisions to the calendar. Currently, a rescheduled European leg of eight races has been confirmed, seven races have been cancelled and nine have been postponed and/or are pending confirmation of a race date. The length of each race is the minimum number of laps that exceeds a total distance of 305 km (189.5 mi). As per the sporting regulations, a minimum of eight races must take place for the season to be considered a championship.[30][lower-alpha 3]

Schedule of events
Round Grand Prix Circuit Race date
1 Austrian Grand Prix Template:Country data AUT Red Bull Ring, Spielberg 5 July
2 Styrian Grand Prix 12 July
3 Hungarian Grand Prix Template:Country data HUN Hungaroring, Mogyoród 19 July[lower-alpha 4]
4 British Grand Prix United Kingdom Silverstone Circuit, Silverstone 2 August[lower-alpha 5]
5 70th Anniversary Grand Prix 9 August
6 Spanish Grand Prix Spain Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya, Montmeló 16 August[lower-alpha 6]
7 Belgian Grand Prix Template:Country data BEL Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps, Stavelot 30 August[lower-alpha 7]
8 Italian Grand Prix Italy Autodromo Nazionale di Monza, Monza 6 September
Source:[35]

The following rounds were included on the original calendar published by the World Motor Sport Council, but were cancelled or are pending rescheduling in response to the COVID-19 pandemic:

Grand Prix Circuit Original date Status
Australian Grand Prix Template:Country data AUS Albert Park Circuit, Melbourne 15 March Cancelled[lower-alpha 8]
Bahrain Grand Prix Template:Country data BHR Bahrain International Circuit, Sakhir 22 March Postponed
Vietnamese Grand Prix Template:Country data VIE Hanoi Street Circuit, Hanoi 5 April Postponed
Chinese Grand Prix China Shanghai International Circuit, Shanghai 19 April Postponed
Dutch Grand Prix Template:Country data NLD Circuit Zandvoort, Zandvoort 3 May Cancelled
Monaco Grand Prix Monaco Circuit de Monaco, Monte Carlo 24 May Cancelled
Azerbaijan Grand Prix Azerbaijan Baku City Circuit, Baku 7 June Cancelled
Canadian Grand Prix Canada Circuit Gilles Villeneuve, Montréal 14 June Postponed
French Grand Prix France Circuit Paul Ricard, Le Castellet 28 June Cancelled
Singapore Grand Prix Template:Country data SIN Marina Bay Street Circuit, Singapore 20 September Cancelled
Russian Grand Prix Russia Sochi Autodrom, Sochi 27 September Pending
Japanese Grand Prix Japan Suzuka International Racing Course, Suzuka 11 October Cancelled
United States Grand Prix United States Circuit of the Americas, Austin, Texas 25 October Pending
Mexico City Grand Prix Mexico Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez, Mexico City 1 November Pending
Brazilian Grand Prix Brazil Autódromo José Carlos Pace, São Paulo 15 November Pending
Abu Dhabi Grand Prix United Arab Emirates Yas Marina Circuit, Abu Dhabi 29 November Pending
Sources:[36][38][39][40][41][42]

Calendar changes[edit source | edit]

After purchasing the commercial rights to the sport from CVC Capital Partners in January 2017, Liberty Media announced plans to expand the Formula One calendar using a concept they termed "destination races" and modelled on the Singapore Grand Prix.[43] Under the "destination races" model, Grands Prix would be established in or near key tourist destinations and integrate racing, entertainment and social functions with the aim of making the sport more accessible and appealing to a wider audience. Several countries and venues announced plans to bid for a Grand Prix,[44][45] with two bids being successful:

Liberty Media initially expected that the 2020 calendar would consist of twenty-one Grands Prix and that any new races would come at the expense of existing events, but later negotiated an agreement with the teams to allow up to twenty-two Grands Prix. Several further changes were made between the 2019 and 2020 calendars, with the German Grand Prix discontinued and the Mexican Grand Prix rebranded as the "Mexico City Grand Prix".[52][53]

Regulation changes[edit source | edit]

Sporting regulations[edit source | edit]

Teams are allowed to use an additional MGU-K compared to 2019 to compensate for the increased demands of contesting the originally planned twenty-two races.[54][55]

Drivers who participate in free practice sessions are eligible for additional FIA Super Licence points. Any driver who completes a minimum 100 km (62 mi) during a free practice session receives an additional Super Licence point on the condition that they do not commit a driving infraction.[56] Drivers may only accrue ten Super Licence points per year from free practice sessions.

As a result of the expanded calendar, the two pre-season tests due to take place at Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya were reduced in length from four days to three days each, whilst the two in-season tests that took place at Bahrain International Circuit and Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya in 2019 have been discontinued. Teams were no longer allowed to hide their cars during testing.[57] The amount of time in which car mechanics are not allowed to work on the car has been extended from eight to nine hours.[55]

The rules surrounding jump starts and the weighbridge have been relaxed with the race stewards now being able to hand out less severe punishments for missing the weighbridge and jump starts.[55]

Technical regulations[edit source | edit]

In order to reduce the risk of punctures, the last 50 mm (2.0 in) of the front wing can no longer contain any metal. Brake ducts can no longer be outsourced and must be made and designed by the team. The amount of fuel that can be outside of the fuel tank has been reduced from 2 litres (3.5 imp pt) to 250 millilitres (0.44 imp pt). The level of driver aids for race starts was decreased.[55]

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic[edit source | edit]

Initial response[edit source | edit]

The season was heavily disrupted by the COVID-19 pandemic, with an announcement prior to the start of the championship that the Chinese Grand Prix would be postponed.[39] Italian-based teams Ferrari and AlphaTauri expressed concern about the spread of the disease and its effect on the championship.[58][59] As Italy suffered one of the worst outbreaks of the virus, both teams were concerned about the ability of their staff to leave the quarantine zone established in northern Italy and to enter host nations. Pre-season testing in Barcelona proceeded as planned, with all teams and drivers completing the six days of testing.[60]

Ross Brawn, the managing director of the sport, announced that Grands Prix would not go ahead if a team were blocked from entering a host nation, but that events could go ahead if a team voluntarily chose not to enter a host nation.[61] In early March organisers of the Bahrain Grand Prix stated that the event would be "participants-only" and that no spectators would be allowed.[62]

Race postponements and cancellations[edit source | edit]

The season-opening Australian Grand Prix was expected to go ahead and all teams and drivers arrived at the venue as planned. Three days before the race was due to take place, McLaren announced their withdrawal from the event after a team member tested positive for the virus.[63] This led to the Grand Prix being cancelled altogether the following morning.[64] Later that day, it was announced that the Bahrain Grand Prix would be postponed rather than closed to spectators, as would the inaugural Vietnamese Grand Prix.[38] Formula One and the FIA released a joint statement saying that they "expect to begin the Championship in Europe at the end of May" but that this timeline "will be regularly reviewed".[65] On 19 March, the FIA announced that the Dutch, Spanish and Monaco Grands Prix had all been postponed indefinitely due to the pandemic. In the statement, the FIA said they now expect to begin the season "as soon as it is safe to do so after May" and that the situation would continue to be monitored.[66] The organisers of the Monaco race, Automobile Club de Monaco, clarified that the race had been cancelled. This means that Formula One would not race in Monaco for the first time since 1954.[67] Four days later, organisers of the Azerbaijan Grand Prix announced that the race had been postponed.[68]

In early April organisers of the Canadian Grand Prix announced the race's postponement.[41] Later in the month, the French Grand Prix organisers confirmed that the race would not be held in 2020,[42] and the managing director of Silverstone Circuit stated that should the British Grand Prix go ahead, it would be without spectators.[69] In May, organisers of the Hungarian Grand Prix announced that their race would use the same model.[70] The sport's plans to resume competition called for a ban on team motorhomes and a rigid testing regime to stop any outbreak of the virus.[71] The Dutch Grand Prix was cancelled entirely in late May, with organisers of the event stating that they would prefer to host the revived race with spectators in attendance in 2021 rather than without spectators in 2020.[51] Formula 1 confirmed the cancellation of the Azerbaijan, Singapore, and Japanese Grands Prix in June.[72] Organisers of the Azerbaijan and Singapore races cited the difficulty of assembling the infrastructure required for a street circuit as the reason for their cancellation, while the Japanese Grand Prix was cancelled because of the Japanese government's travel restrictions.

The annual summer break, where factories shut down for two weeks, was brought forward from August to March and April. Teams nominated a three-week period to close with the aim of making room for races later in the year.[73] At the end of March it was announced that for the first time the factory shut down would additionally apply to power unit manufacturers.[74][75] The factory shut down period was later extended to a total of nine weeks for competitors and seven weeks for power unit manufacturers.[76][77]

Rescheduled calendar[edit source | edit]

In March teams agreed that the 2020 Championship could run into early 2021 to ensure the running of as many races as possible. Such a move would also ensure that eight Grands Prix could be held, over three different continents, thereby meeting the minimum number of races needed for the season to qualify as a World Championship.[78][79][80] Ross Brawn later suggested that a rescheduled calendar of 18 or 19 races would be possible should racing begin in July, and that the opening round "is most likely to be in Europe", potentially without spectators. He also raised the possibility of Grand Prix events being reduced to two days in order to ease pressure on logistical operations.[81] However, Alfa Romeo Racing managing director Frédéric Vasseur cautioned that a condensed calendar could escalate the costs of competing and put smaller teams at risk of financial collapse.[82] This was reiterated by other teams, who pointed out that the race sanctioning fees paid by event organisers contributed to the prize money awarded to all teams at the end of the year. This money is awarded proportionally based on the teams' World Constructors' Championship position and forms a significant part of a team's budget for the upcoming year. With fewer races and the prize structure remaining fixed, teams were concerned that they would suffer a significant financial loss.[83] In a statement in late April, Formula One CEO Chase Carey announced that the intention is to begin the season on 5 July and that the target is to hold between 15 and 18 races overall.[84]

On 2 June the first eight races of a rescheduled calendar were confirmed, with the season expected to begin on 5 July with the Austrian Grand Prix. This revised calendar includes two new events—a second race at both the Red Bull Ring and Silverstone—that are known as the Styrian and the 70th Anniversary Grands Prix respectively.[35] . Ross Brawn announced that the eight-round calendar was expected to grow and that the sport was considering races at venues that were not on the original calendar or using multiple configurations of existing circuits to achieve the goal of fifteen Grands Prix.[85]

Regulatory changes[edit source | edit]

The pandemic required changes to the format of a race weekend, which included abandoning the drivers' parade and pre-race assembly for the host venue's national anthem. A modified podium ceremony was planned for after races.[86] The FIA introduced limits to the number of team personnel who could be on the starting grid to prepare cars and changed the cut-off times for cars to leave pit lane to minimise the amount of time team personnel spent on the grid.[87] Tyre supplier Pirelli was also required to provide an identical allocation of tyre compounds to all teams and drivers. Where Pirelli were previously required to announce compounds for a race several weeks in advance, this window was reduced to two weeks, allowing them to respond to anticipated changes to the calendar.[87]

Results and standings[edit source | edit]

Grands Prix[edit source | edit]

Round Grand Prix Pole position Fastest lap Winning driver Winning constructor Report
1 Template:Country data AUT Austrian Grand Prix Template:Country data FIN Valtteri Bottas United Kingdom Lando Norris Template:Country data FIN Valtteri Bottas Germany Mercedes Report
2 Template:Country data AUT Styrian Grand Prix Report
3 Template:Country data HUN Hungarian Grand Prix Report
4 United Kingdom British Grand Prix Report
5 United Kingdom 70th Anniversary Grand Prix Report
6 Spain Spanish Grand Prix Report
7 Template:Country data BEL Belgian Grand Prix Report
8 Italy Italian Grand Prix Report

Scoring system[edit source | edit]

For further information, see List of Formula One World Championship points scoring systems

Points are awarded to the top ten classified drivers and the driver who set the fastest lap. The driver with fastest lap has to be within the top 10 to receive the point. The points are awarded for every race using the following system:[88]

Position  1st   2nd   3rd   4th   5th   6th   7th   8th   9th   10th   FL 
Points 25 18 15 12 10 8 6 4 2 1 1

World Drivers' Championship standings[edit source | edit]

Template:F1 Drivers Standings

World Constructors' Championship standings[edit source | edit]

Template:F1 Constructors Standings

See also[edit source | edit]

Notes[edit source | edit]

  1. In the history of Formula One, Formula One regulations were first introduced during the 1946 Grand Prix season. These were adopted for every race in 1948, and were formally organised into a championship in 1950.
  2. Racing Point F1 Team uses Mercedes-AMG F1 M11 power units. For sponsorship purposes, these engines are rebadged as "BWT Mercedes".[17]
  3. Under the FIA's International Sporting Code, a season must contest races across three continents to be considered a World Championship.[31][32]
  4. The Hungarian Grand Prix was originally due to take place on 2 August, but was rescheduled due to the COVID-19 pandemic, replacing the British Grand Prix race date.
  5. The British Grand Prix was originally due to take place on 19 July, but was rescheduled due to the COVID-19 pandemic, replacing the Hungarian Grand Prix race date.
  6. The Spanish Grand Prix was originally due to take place on 10 May, but was rescheduled due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
  7. In April 2020, the Belgian government extended a ban on mass gatherings until September 2020 in a bid to control the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic. However, the race later received permission to be held without spectators on the original date.[33][34]
  8. The Australian Grand Prix was cancelled, but organisers announced their intention to reschedule the race.[36] Federal tourism minister Simon Birmingham later stated his belief that Australia's borders would be closed to international travel until 2021.[37]

References[edit source | edit]

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  25. Official entry lists:
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  30. https://www.fia.com/sites/default/files/2020_formula_1_sporting_regulations_-_iss_8_-_2020-05-27_0.pdf
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  63. Lua error in ...ribunto/includes/engines/LuaCommon/lualib/mwInit.lua at line 23: bad argument #1 to 'old_ipairs' (table expected, got nil).
  64. Lua error in ...ribunto/includes/engines/LuaCommon/lualib/mwInit.lua at line 23: bad argument #1 to 'old_ipairs' (table expected, got nil).
  65. Lua error in ...ribunto/includes/engines/LuaCommon/lualib/mwInit.lua at line 23: bad argument #1 to 'old_ipairs' (table expected, got nil).
  66. Lua error in ...ribunto/includes/engines/LuaCommon/lualib/mwInit.lua at line 23: bad argument #1 to 'old_ipairs' (table expected, got nil).
  67. Lua error in ...ribunto/includes/engines/LuaCommon/lualib/mwInit.lua at line 23: bad argument #1 to 'old_ipairs' (table expected, got nil).
  68. Lua error in ...ribunto/includes/engines/LuaCommon/lualib/mwInit.lua at line 23: bad argument #1 to 'old_ipairs' (table expected, got nil).
  69. Lua error in ...ribunto/includes/engines/LuaCommon/lualib/mwInit.lua at line 23: bad argument #1 to 'old_ipairs' (table expected, got nil).
  70. Lua error in ...ribunto/includes/engines/LuaCommon/lualib/mwInit.lua at line 23: bad argument #1 to 'old_ipairs' (table expected, got nil).
  71. Lua error in ...ribunto/includes/engines/LuaCommon/lualib/mwInit.lua at line 23: bad argument #1 to 'old_ipairs' (table expected, got nil).
  72. Lua error in ...ribunto/includes/engines/LuaCommon/lualib/mwInit.lua at line 23: bad argument #1 to 'old_ipairs' (table expected, got nil).
  73. Lua error in ...ribunto/includes/engines/LuaCommon/lualib/mwInit.lua at line 23: bad argument #1 to 'old_ipairs' (table expected, got nil).
  74. Lua error in ...ribunto/includes/engines/LuaCommon/lualib/mwInit.lua at line 23: bad argument #1 to 'old_ipairs' (table expected, got nil).
  75. Lua error in ...ribunto/includes/engines/LuaCommon/lualib/mwInit.lua at line 23: bad argument #1 to 'old_ipairs' (table expected, got nil).
  76. Lua error in ...ribunto/includes/engines/LuaCommon/lualib/mwInit.lua at line 23: bad argument #1 to 'old_ipairs' (table expected, got nil).
  77. Lua error in ...ribunto/includes/engines/LuaCommon/lualib/mwInit.lua at line 23: bad argument #1 to 'old_ipairs' (table expected, got nil).
  78. Lua error in ...ribunto/includes/engines/LuaCommon/lualib/mwInit.lua at line 23: bad argument #1 to 'old_ipairs' (table expected, got nil).
  79. Lua error in ...ribunto/includes/engines/LuaCommon/lualib/mwInit.lua at line 23: bad argument #1 to 'old_ipairs' (table expected, got nil).
  80. Lua error in ...ribunto/includes/engines/LuaCommon/lualib/mwInit.lua at line 23: bad argument #1 to 'old_ipairs' (table expected, got nil).
  81. Lua error in ...ribunto/includes/engines/LuaCommon/lualib/mwInit.lua at line 23: bad argument #1 to 'old_ipairs' (table expected, got nil).
  82. Lua error in ...ribunto/includes/engines/LuaCommon/lualib/mwInit.lua at line 23: bad argument #1 to 'old_ipairs' (table expected, got nil).
  83. Lua error in ...ribunto/includes/engines/LuaCommon/lualib/mwInit.lua at line 23: bad argument #1 to 'old_ipairs' (table expected, got nil).
  84. Lua error in ...ribunto/includes/engines/LuaCommon/lualib/mwInit.lua at line 23: bad argument #1 to 'old_ipairs' (table expected, got nil).
  85. Lua error in ...ribunto/includes/engines/LuaCommon/lualib/mwInit.lua at line 23: bad argument #1 to 'old_ipairs' (table expected, got nil).
  86. Lua error in ...ribunto/includes/engines/LuaCommon/lualib/mwInit.lua at line 23: bad argument #1 to 'old_ipairs' (table expected, got nil).
  87. 87.0 87.1 Lua error in ...ribunto/includes/engines/LuaCommon/lualib/mwInit.lua at line 23: bad argument #1 to 'old_ipairs' (table expected, got nil).
  88. Lua error in ...ribunto/includes/engines/LuaCommon/lualib/mwInit.lua at line 23: bad argument #1 to 'old_ipairs' (table expected, got nil).

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