2020 Ghanaian general election

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2020 Ghanaian general election

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Presidential election
  Nana Akufo Addo, Jan. 2020.jpg John Dramani Mahama 2014 (cropped).jpg
Nominee Nana Akufo-Addo John Mahama
Party NPP NDC
Popular vote 6,730,587[1] 6,213,182[1]
Percentage 51.30% 47.36%

2020 Ghanaian presidential election.png
Blue denotes regions won by Akufo-Addo, and green denotes those won by Mahama.

President before election

Nana Akufo-Addo
NPP

President

Nana Akufo-Addo
NPP

General elections were held in Ghana on 7 December 2020. Incumbent President Nana Akufo-Addo of the New Patriotic Party (NPP) was re-elected in the first round after securing a majority of the votes.[2] Former President John Dramani Mahama says he will contest the results.[3]

The NPP lost its majority in the parliament, winning just as many seats as the opposition's NDC, resulting in a hung parliament with a single independent in the position of kingmaker.[4]

Electoral system[edit source | edit]

The President of Ghana is elected using the two-round system, whilst the 275 members of Parliament are elected in single-member constituencies using first-past-the-post voting.[5][6]

Eligible voters must be Ghanaian citizens who are at least 18 years old, although those declared insane are disenfranchised. Parliamentary candidates must be Ghanaian citizens at least 18 years old, and either be resident in their constituency or have lived there for at least five of the ten years prior to the election.[7]

Campaign[edit source | edit]

In February 2019, former president John Mahama was confirmed as the candidate of the opposition National Democratic Congress.[8] In December, incumbent president Nana Akufo-Addo announced that he intended to run for re-election as the New Patriotic Party (NPP) candidate.[9] In June 2020, the NPP chose Akufo-Addo as its presidential candidate and Mahamudu Bawumia as its vice-presidential candidate. Mahama and Akufo-Addo previously ran against each other in both 2012 (with Mahama winning) and 2016 (with Akufo-Addo winning).[10]

All contesting political parties especially the NPP and NDC campaigned vigorously across the country despite fears that political activities such as rallies could increase the rate of spread of the COVID-19 virus during the pandemic in Ghana.[11]

Coat of arms of Ghana.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
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Constitution

Following the death of Jerry Rawlings, first president of the Fourth Republic on 12 November 2020,[12] most candidates decided to suspend their campaigns for a week out of respect to his memory.[13][14]

Filing of nomination papers for presidential candidates[edit source | edit]

At the close of the filing of nomination papers for the presidential election on 9 October 2020, seventeen (17) persons had filed papers to stand for the elections.[15] One of those who filed their papers on 5 October 2020 was the incumbent president, Nana Akufo-Addo.[16] Each candidate was expected to pay a fee of GH¢100,000 to the Electoral Commission.[17] Akwasi Addai Odike of the United Progressive Party claimed that there was a conspiracy by the NPP and the Electoral Commission to prevent him from filing his nomination papers. This was promptly denied by the chairman of the NPP, Peter Mac Manu.[18] However, the NDC questioned why presidential candidates were filing nomination papers when the Electoral Commission has not finalised the new voter's register to be used for this election.[19]To the surprise of many[who?], Jacob Osei Yeboah disclosed on 6 October, when he was expected to file his nomination papers, that he would instead be the running mate of Asiedu Walker.[20]

Party Presidential Candidate Date
New Patriotic Party Nana Akufo-Addo[21] 7 October 2020
National Democratic Congress John Mahama[22] 7 October 2020
Independent Asiedu Walker[21] 7 October 2020
Ghana Union Movement Christian Kwabena Andrews[21] 7 October 2020
All People's Congress Hassan Ayariga[23] 8 October 2020
Progressive People's Party Brigitte Dzogbenuku[24] 8 October 2020
Ghana Freedom Party Akua Donkor[25] 8 October 2020
National Democratic Party Nana Konadu Agyeman Rawlings[26][27] 9 October 2020
Convention People's Party Ivor Greenstreet[28] 9 October 2020
Great Consolidated Popular Party Henry Herbert Lartey[28] 9 October 2020
Independent aMarricke Kofi Gane[28] 9 October 2020
Independent aKofi Koranteng[28] 9 October 2020
United Front Party aNana Agyenim Boateng 9 October 2020
United Progressive Party aAkwasi Addai Odike 9 October 2020
People's Action Party aKwasi Busumbru
Liberal Party of Ghana Kofi Akpaloo 9 October 2020
People's National Convention David Apasera

^a – Disqualified by the Electoral Commission of Ghana

Final list of presidential candidates[edit source | edit]

Following the vetting of their papers, the Electoral Commission announced the final list of presidential candidates on 19 October 2020. Five people had been disqualified from standing for the election as there were various problems with their nomination documents. These include IT issues with their forms and some had been forwarded to the Criminal Investigation Department of the Ghana Police Service. Those disqualified include Kofi Koranteng and Marricke Kofi Gane who are both Independent. Akwasi Addae Odike of the United Progressive Party, Nana Agyenim Boateng of the United Front Party and Kwasi Busumbru of the People's Action Party were also not eligible.[29][30][31] On 20 October 2020, the candidates balloted for the order in which they will appear on the ballot paper. The incumbent president, Nana Akufo-Addo will be the first on the list followed by John Mahama, a former president. The full list as on the ballot paper is below.[32][33] Following this, one of the disqualified candidates, Nana Agyenim Boateng, leader of the UFP, took to court to seek redress and prevent the elections from going ahead but the Accra High Court found no grounds to grant this relief.[34]

Party Abbreviation Presidential Candidate Running Mate
New Patriotic Party NPP Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo Mahamudu Bawumia[35]
National Democratic Congress NDC John Dramani Mahama Jane Naana Opoku-Agyemang[36]
Ghana Union Movement GUM Christian Kwabena Andrews Abu Grant Lukeman[37]
Convention People's Party CPP Ivor Kobina Greenstreet Emmanuel Yaovi Bobobe[38]
Ghana Freedom Party GFP Akua Donkor Ernest Adakabre Frimpong Manso[39]
Great Consolidated Popular Party GCPP Henry Herbert Lartey Andy Bampoe-Sekyi[35]
All People's Congress APC Hassan Ayariga Frank Yaw Kuadey[40]
Liberal Party of Ghana LPG Percival Kofi Akpaloo Margaret Obrine Sarfo[35]
People's National Convention PNC David Asibi Ayindenaba Apasera Divine Ayivor[35]
Progressive People's Party PPP Brigitte Akosua Dzogbenuku Kofi Asamoah-Siaw[41]
National Democratic Party NDP Nana Konadu Agyeman Rawlings Peter Tennyson Asamoah[35]
Independent Alfred Kwame Asiedu Walker Jacob Osei Yeboah[20]

Violence[edit source | edit]

On 8 December, a day after the elections there were reports of gunshots leading to the arrest of Nii Lante Vanderpuye the incumbent Member of Parliament (MP) for the Odododiodio constituency.[42] The Ghana Police reported 5 deaths and 19 injuries during and after the election.[43]

Parliamentary election[edit source | edit]

The Electoral Commission announced that following the creation of the Guan District in the Oti Region through the Guan District Local Government (Guan District Assembly) (Establishment) Instrument, 2020, people in this area will only be able to take part in the presidential election. This is because the Guan constituency had not yet been formally created.[44][45]

Opinion polls[edit source | edit]

Ben Ephson of the Daily Dispatch newspaper conducted polls in the Greater Accra, Central and Western regions. He predicted that Akufo-Addo of the NPP will win the election with 52.6% of the votes while Mahama will obtain 45.7%.[46][47] The Political Science Department of the University of Ghana polled 11,949 respondents and predicted that Akufo-Addo (NPP) will win 51.7% of the vote while Mahama wins 40.4%.[47][48] An iPoll survey of 670 respondents predicted 48.7% of the votes for Mahama and 46.7% for Akufo-Addo implying that the election may go a second round as the winner has to have over 50% of the votes.[49] The Governance Research Bureau predicted that Akufo-Addo will obtain 49.19% of the votes and Mahama 48.27% also implying a second round of elections may be needed.[48]

Preliminary results[edit source | edit]

The total number of registered voters was 17,027,655.[50] The Electoral Commission promised to declare the results of the election within 24 hours of the completion of voting.[51] Some leaders of the NDC expressed their doubts about the commission being able to do so within the 24 hours time frame.[52][53] In the late afternoon of 8 December the Electoral commission communicated that the declaration of the votes in 24 hours which was supposed to take place at 5:00 pm which is exactly 24 hours of the closure of the election had been extended. The Commission in a statement explained that the extension was to ensure that collation of results at the constituency and regional collation centres across the country are accurate.[54] On 9 December, incumbent Ghana President Nana Akufo-Addo was declared the winner after securing a majority of the votes needed to avoid a runoff.[55]

President[edit source | edit]

The declared results exclude the figures for the Techiman South as the results there are being contested. The Electoral Commissioner states that the results of this constituency alone will not change the outcome of the election.[56] On 10 December 2020, the Electoral Commission issued a statement which revised figures for the Presidential election results while admitting that there had been some errors.[57] A research group Research and Grant Institute of Ghana raised concerns about this and the Coalition of Domestic Election Observers (CODEO) urged the commission to come out and clarify the errors properly instead of just issuing press releases.[58][59]

CandidateRunning matePartyVotes%
Nana Akufo-AddoMahamudu BawumiaNew Patriotic Party6,730,58751.30
John MahamaJane Naana Opoku-AgyemangNational Democratic Congress6,213,18247.36
Christian Kwabena AndrewsAbu Grant LukemanGhana Union Movement105,5480.80
Ivor GreenstreetEmmanuel BobobeConvention People's Party12,2000.09
David ApaseraDivine AyivorPeople's National Convention10,8820.08
Asiedu WalkerJacob Osei YeboahIndependent9,7040.07
Kofi AkpalooMargaret Obrine SarfoLiberal Party of Ghana7,6830.06
Hassan AyarigaFrank Yaw KuadeyAll People's Congress7,1380.05
Brigitte DzogbenukuKofi Asamoah-SiawProgressive People's Party6,8490.05
Nana Konadu Agyeman RawlingsPeter Tennyson AsamoahNational Democratic Party6,5490.05
Akua DonkorErnest Adakabre Frimpong MansoGhana Freedom Party5,5740.04
Henry Herbert LarteyAndy Bampoe-SekyiGreat Consolidated Popular Party3,5640.03
Total13,119,460100.00
Valid votes13,119,46097.67
Invalid/blank votes313,3972.33
Total votes13,432,857100.00
Registered voters/turnout17,027,94178.89
Source: Ghana Web

By region[edit source | edit]

Region Akufo-Addo
NPP
Mahama
NDC
Andrews
GUM
Greenstreet
CPP
Donkor
GFP
Lartey
GCPP
Ayariga
APC
Akpaloo
LPG
Apasera
PNC
Dzogbenuku
PPP
Rawlings
NDP
Walker
IND
Votes Votes Votes Votes Votes Votes Votes Votes Votes Votes Votes Votes
Ahafo 145,584 116,485 1,493 194 49 51 150 113 82 52 135 103
Ashanti 1,795,824 653,149 12,564 1,356 593 304 482 712 444 435 476 952
Bono 292,604 203,329 4,514 338 165 132 255 216 209 214 235 374
Bono East 153,341 213,694 2,923 380 143 153 409 304 231 220 210 400
Central 613,804 538,829 15,160 1,117 478 361 468 586 323 1,042 467 804
Eastern 752,061 470,999 9,819 854 379 211 466 510 278 363 358 642
Greater Accra 1,253,179 1,326,489 16,112 1,763 767 231 628 522 401 1,220 685 511
Northern 409,963 476,550 3,184 1,510 394 438 900 1,281 1,209 498 545 1,259
North East 122,742 112,306 952 292 324 198 376 505 579 205 322 322
Oti 103,865 181,021 2,459 265 200 97 195 228 371 240 263 282
Savannah 80,605 144,244 1,409 503 212 185 387 322 344 160 279 435
Upper East 170,340 335,502 3,100 879 832 359 919 868 2,890 685 1,017 1,321
Upper West 121,230 238,972 2,240 640 360 354 487 742 2,794 328 406 1,094
Volta 100,481 606,508 4,679 705 180 158 406 237 220 314 617 442
Western 439,724 398,549 20,638 1,143 379 223 400 367 305 787 417 508
Western North 175,240 196,556 4,302 261 119 109 210 170 202 86 117 255
Total 6,730,587 6,213,182 105,548 12,200 5,574 3,564 7,138 7,683 10,882 6,849 6,549 9,704
Source: Graphic Online Electoral Commission of Ghana

Parliament[edit source | edit]

There has been a long delay in declaring the final result in the parliamentary election. On 14 December, a week after voting was completed, the Electoral Commission announced that it was working on finalising the results for Sene West constituency.[60]

Parliament of Ghana 2020.svg
Party Votes % Seats +/–
New Patriotic Party 137 -32
National Democratic Congress 137 +31
Ghana Union Movement 0 0
Convention People's Party 0 0
Ghana Freedom Party 0 0
Great Consolidated Popular Party 0 0
All People's Congress 0 0
Liberal Party of Ghana 0 0
People's National Convention 0 0
Progressive People's Party 0 0
National Democratic Party 0 0
United Front Party 0 0
United Progressive Party 0 0
People's Action Party 0 0
Independents 1 +1
Invalid/blank votes
Total - 100 275 -
Registered voters/turnout 17,027,655
Source:GhanaWeb

Number of parliamentary seats won by political parties by region[edit source | edit]

S/N REGION NPP NDC IND Total
Seats
1 Ahafo 4 2 6
2 Ashanti 42 4 1 47
3 Bono 6 6 12
4 Bono East 3 8 11
5 Central 10 13 23
6 Eastern 25 8 33
7 Greater Accra 14 20 34
8 Northern 9 9 18
9 North East 4 2 6
10 Oti 0 8 8
11 Savannah 3 4 7
12 Upper East 1 14 15
13 Upper West 3 8 11
14 Volta 1 17 18
15 Western 9 8 17
16 Western North 3 6 9
Total 137 137 1 275
Source:https://www.ec.gov.gh/

See also[edit source | edit]

References[edit source | edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "EC revises disparities in presidential election results". ghanaweb.com. Retrieved 10 December 2020.
  2. Dontoh, Ekow; Dzawu, Moses Mozart (8 December 2020). "Ghana's President Akufo-Addo Wins Second Term by Slim Margin". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 8 December 2020.
  3. Kokutse, Francis (10 December 2020). "Ghana's main opposition party will contest election results". AP News. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  4. Ghana’s Hung Parliament Sets President Up for Tough Term
  5. "Ghana: Vote Counting using Majoritatrian and First-Past-the-Post —". aceproject.org. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  6. "Africa Watch: 2020 Is Election Season Across Africa". Modern Ghana. 13 February 2020.
  7. Electoral system IPU
  8. Ghana's ex-President Mahama nominated to contest 2020 election Reuters, 27 February 2019
  9. Akufo-Addo announces intention to contest 2020 elections GhanaWeb News, 23 December 2019
  10. "Ghana's President Akufo-Addo chosen by ruling party for poll rematch against Mahama". Yahoo! News. Retrieved 27 June 2020.
  11. "Fears Grow of Further COVID-19 Spikes Ahead of Ghana's Election | Voice of America – English". Voice of America. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  12. Frimpong, Enoch Darfah (12 November 2020). "Jerry Rawlings: Ghana's former president dies aged 73". Graphic Online. Graphic Communicatiions Group Ltd. Retrieved 25 November 2020.
  13. "Ghana's president declares seven days of mourning". BBC News. BBC. 12 November 2020. Retrieved 25 November 2020.
  14. Korankye, Kester Aburam (12 November 202). "John Mahama suspends campaign in honour of Rawlings' death". Graphic Online. Accra: Graphic Communications Group Ltd. Retrieved 25 November 2020.
  15. "17 Presidential aspirants to know their position by Wednesday, October 14". ghanaweb.com. GhanaWeb. 12 October 2020. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  16. "Akufo-Addo files presidential nomination today". ghanaweb.com. GhanaWeb. 6 October 2020. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  17. "Election 2020: Two teams to vet presidential candidates – EC". ghanaweb.com. GhanaWeb. 6 October 2020. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  18. "NPP, EC are ganging up to kick me out of 2020 presidential race – Odike". ghanaweb.com. GhanaWeb. 8 October 2020. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  19. "How can aspirants file nomination without final register? – NDC quizzes EC". ghanaweb.com. GhanaWeb. 5 October 2020. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  20. 20.0 20.1 Frimpong, Enoch Darfah (6 October 2020). "Jacob Osei Yeboah pulls Election 2020 surprise". Graphic Online. Accra: Graphic Communications Group Ltd. Retrieved 20 October 2020.
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 "President, Walker, and Kyiriabosom file nominations". ghanaweb.com. GhanaWeb. 7 October 2020. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  22. "I wanted Mahama to submit the forms himself – Jean Mensa". ghanaweb.com. GhanaWeb. 7 October 2020. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  23. "Voters register: Brace yourself for tough elections – Ayariga to Jean Mensa". ghanaweb.com. GhanaWeb. 8 October 2020. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  24. "Presidential Aspirants of NDC and PPP file nominations". ghanaweb.com. GhanaWeb. 8 October 2020. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  25. "Election 2020: Akua Donkor, Adakabre submit nomination forms". ghanaweb.com. GhanaWeb. 8 October 2020. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  26. "Ghana is lucky to have Jean Mensa as EC boss – Nana Konadu". ghanaweb.com. GhanaWeb. 9 October 2020. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  27. "Nana Konadu blames Charlotte Osei for her abysmal performance in 2016 polls". ghanaweb.com. GhanaWeb. 9 October 2020. Retrieved 16 October 2020.
  28. 28.0 28.1 28.2 28.3 Korankye, Kester Aburam (9 October 2020). "Twelve presidential aspirants file for presidential polls". Graphic Online. Graphic Communications Group Ltd. Retrieved 20 October 2020.
  29. Korankye, Kester Aburam (19 October 2020). "EC axes 5, clears 12 presidential candidates to contest 2020 election". Graphic Online. Graphic Communications Group Ltd. Retrieved 20 October 2020.
  30. "Election 2020: 12 out of 17 presidential aspirants cleared to contest". ghanaweb.com. GhanaWeb. 19 October 2020. Retrieved 20 October 2020.
  31. "Election 2020: Full list of presidential aspirants who qualify to contest". ghanaweb.com. GhanaWeb. 19 October 2020. Retrieved 20 October 2020.
  32. Frimpong, Enoch Darfah (20 October 2020). "Akufo-Addo is number 1, Mahama number 2 on 2020 ballot paper". Graphic Online. Graphic Communications Group Ltd. Retrieved 20 October 2020.
  33. "Here are the official ballot positions for presidential candidates". ghanaweb.com. 20 October 2020. Retrieved 20 October 2020.
  34. Hawkson, Emmanuel Ebo (9 November 2020). "Court throws out UFP leaders attempt to halt Dec 7 polls". Graphic Online. Accra: Graphic Communications Group Ltd. Retrieved 10 November 2020.
  35. 35.0 35.1 35.2 35.3 35.4 Salia, Albert (12 October 2020). "Who qualifies to contest Election 2020? EC decides on aspirants tomorrow". Graphic Online. Accra: Graphic Communications Group Ltd. Retrieved 20 October 2020.
  36. Zurek, Kweku (6 July 2020). "OFFICIAL: Mahama selects Prof Naana Opoku-Agyemang as running mate". Graphic Online. Graphic Communications Group Ltd. Retrieved 20 October 2020.
  37. "Osofo Kyiri Abosom appoints Alhaji Abu Lukeman as running mate". ghanaweb.com. GhanaWeb. 15 August 2020. Retrieved 20 October 2020.
  38. "CPP's Ivor Greenstreet picks Prof. Emmanuel Bobobe as running mate". ghanaweb.com. GhanaWeb. 7 October 2020. Retrieved 20 October 2020.
  39. Zurek, Kweku (8 October 2020). "Why I accepted to be Akua Donkor's running mate – radio host Adakabre". Graphic Online. Graphic Communications Group Ltd. Retrieved 20 October 2020.
  40. "Hassan Ayariga outdoors running mate, launches manifesto". ghanaweb.com. GhanaWeb. 3 October 2020. Retrieved 20 October 2020.
  41. Tawiah, Desmond Kofi (19 October 2020). "PPP endorses Asamoah-Siaw as running mate". Graphic Online. Graphic Communications Group Ltd. Retrieved 20 October 2020.
  42. "Odododiodoo MP Nii Lante Vanderpuye arrested". Citinewsroom – Comprehensive News in Ghana. 8 December 2020. Retrieved 8 December 2020.
  43. "5 dead, 19 injured in various electoral disturbances – Police". MyJoyOnline.com. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  44. "No Parliamentary Election for voters in Guan District – EC". Graphic Online. Graphic Communications Group Ltd. 6 December 2020. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  45. "No Parliamentary elections at Guan Constituency – EC". ghanaweb.com. 7 December 2020. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  46. "Akufo-Addo could exceed our 52% projection – Ben Ephson". ghanaweb.com. 4 December 2020. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  47. 47.0 47.1 "Election 2020: Ben Ephson predicts 52.6% win for President Akufo-Addo (30-11-20)". Joy News. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 7 December 2020 – via YouTube.
  48. 48.0 48.1 "Election 2020: New survey projects runoff". ghanaweb.com. 30 November 2020. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  49. "'December 7 polls will head for a run-off' – Latest iPoll Survey predicts". ghanaweb.com. 30 November 2020. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  50. "Electoral Commission – Transparency, Fairness, Integrity". Official website. Electoral Commission of Ghana. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  51. "Election 2020: I'll still declare result in 24 hours if I have it – EC Boss tells NDC". ghanaweb.com. 30 November 2020. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  52. "Don't hastily declare election results within 24 hours after voting – NDC warns EC". ghanaweb.com. 25 November 2020. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  53. "EC's promise to declare results in 24 hours described as a fallacy". ghanaweb.com. 1 January 1970. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  54. "EC extends timeline to declare presidential results". MyJoyOnline.com. Retrieved 8 December 2020.
  55. Redation, Africa News and Euro News (9 December 2020). "Ghana presidential election: Nana Akufo-Addo declared winner by 51.59%". Africa News. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  56. "FULL TEXT: Jean Mensa's declaration of 2020 presidential election results". ghanaweb.com. 9 December 2020. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  57. "EC revises disparities in presidential election results". ghanaweb.com. 10 December 2020. Retrieved 10 December 2020.
  58. "EC's computational errors have tainted the credibility of 2020 polls - Research Group". ghanaweb.com. 10 December 2020. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
  59. Zurek, Kweku (15 December 2020). "EC must go beyond passive press releases to address errors - CODEO". Graphic Online. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
  60. "We're finalizing processes to declare Sene West election results - EC". ghanaweb.com. 15 December 2020. Retrieved 16 December 2020.

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