2020 Hong Kong pro-democracy primaries

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2020 Hong Kong pro-democracy primaries

11–12 July 2020
  First party Second party Third party
  Wu Chi-wai Alvin Yeung Ray Chan
Leader Wu Chi-wai Alvin Yeung Ray Chan
Party Democratic Party (Hong Kong) Civic Party People Power (Hong Kong)
Popular vote 72,394 70,080 26,870
Percentage 12.41% 12.02% 4.61%
Lists won 6 4 2

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Raphael Wong Ng Kin-wai
Leader Gary Poon Raphael Wong Ng Kin-wai
and others
Party Tuen Mun Community Network League of Social Democrats Tin Shui Wai Connection
Popular vote 34,958 33,088 20,249
Percentage 5.99% 5.67% 3.47%
Lists won 1 1 1

  Seventh party Eighth party Ninth party
  Yam Kai-bong Claudia Mo Sze Tak-loy.jpg
Leader Yam Kai-bong
and others
Claudia Mo Sze Tak-loy
Party Neo Democrats HK First Association for Democracy and People's Livelihood
Popular vote 14,495 8,801 7,888
Percentage 2.49% 1.51% 1.35%
Lists won 1 1 1

The 2020 Hong Kong pro-democracy primaries were held on 11 and 12 July 2020 for selecting the numbers of pro-democracy candidates for the upcoming Legislative Council election to maximise the chance for the pro-democrats to achieve the "35+" majority in the Legislative Council.

With a turnout of more than 600,000, which equals to nearly half of votes received by the pro-democracy camp in the 2016 general election, it was the most-participated primary held in the history of Hong Kong since the 1997 handover, despite the SAR government's threats of the organisers' potential breaching of the newly imposed national security law.

Traditional pro-democrat parties lost grounds to the localist new faces, with an unofficial six-person alliance led by Joshua Wong and Nathan Law of the disbanded Demosistō, became the biggest winner in the primaries, with the candidates they endorsed emerged as either top or runner-up candidates in their respective constituencies.

Background[edit source | edit]

In 2019 amid the historic anti-extradition protests and the pro-democracy landslide in the District Council elections, legal scholar Benny Tai, one of the initiators of the 2014 Occupy protests, suggested the chance of the pro-democrats winning more than half of the seats in the Legislative Council to block the government's bills including the expected legislation of the Article 23 of the Basic Law and pressured the government to implement the five key demands of the protest movement. Learning from the experience of excessive numbers of candidates which split the pro-democratic votes in the 2016 election, he proposed a primary election within the pro-democracy camp which could set limit on the numbers of candidates, avoid wasting votes, and therefore to maximise the chance for the pro-democrats to win more seats.[1]

Mechanism[edit source | edit]

Candidate must obtain at least 100 registered voter nominations and a deposit HK$10,000 in order to participate in the primaries. The election, organised by Benny Tai and former Legislative Council member Au Nok-hin,[2] coordinated by Power for Democracy, was set to take place from 11–12 July between 9 am and 9 pm. The voting system was designed by the Hong Kong Public Opinion Research Institute (PORI), which also conducted polls on the recommended candidates. The surveyed results would be used to consolidate the final list of nominated candidates for the official election in September. Voters must bring along proof of residency or electoral register identification, as well as a smartphone to designated polling stations. There they would scan the QR code and fill out their personal details before casting their ballot.[3]

Nominations[edit source | edit]

A total number of 52 nomination lists were received during the nomination period for all five geographical constituencies, the five-seat District Council (Second) and Health Services functional constituency. Most potential candidates have pledged their willing to coordinate with organisers, except for political party Civic Passion and New Territories East candidate Law Ting-fai who declined to join the primaries.[3]

The Kwai Chung-based small political group Neighbourhood and Worker's Service Centre (NWSC) who held one seat in the legislature also declared they would not follow the agreement in which the lost candidates in the primaries would not fill their candidacy in the general election. Instead, the NWSC suggested to drop out in the latter stage of the election if the polls suggested the candidate has no chance to win. The NWSC received backlash among the pro-democrats, accusing them for undermining the mechanism of the primaries. The NWSC later withdrew their candidacy altogether and stated that they would not fill their own candidacy in the general election.[4]

Organisers Andrew Chiu, Au Nok-hin and Benny Tai launched the primaries in front of a bus-setting polling station on 11 July.
Number of nominations in each constituency
Constituency No. of nominations Target seats
Primaries General
Hong Kong Island 8 TBD 4
Kowloon West 9 TBD 4
Kowloon East 6 5 3
New Territories West 8 6 6
New Territories East 12 7 6–7
District Council (Second) 5 4 3–4
Health Services 4 1 1
TOTAL 52 >23 27–29

Security law and legal threats[edit source | edit]

On 30 June, the National People's Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC) approved the final draft of the national security legislation for Hong Kong. Hours after the legislation, leading members of pro-democracy group Demosistō Joshua Wong, Nathan Law, Agnes Chow and Jeffrey Ng announced their departure from the party. Demosistō members had been repeatedly barred from standing for election with authorities citing their previous stance on "self-determination" for the city, of which Wong and Law were also running in the upcoming primaries as Demosistō members. Subsequently, Demosistō declared that it would disband after the mass resignations on the same day.[5] Few days after, Nathan Law said he had fled Hong Kong in response to the security law.[6] He later dropped out from the primary and endorsed Tiffany Yuen.[7]

Secretary for Constitutional and Mainland Affairs Erick Tsang warned that the primaries might violate the new Beijing-imposed national security law. Tsang said one the objectives of the primaries was to win a majority of seats in the legislature and subsequently vote against the budget. He added this could contravene clauses in the new law prohibiting secession, subversion and collusion with foreign powers. Benny Tai refuted the claim by saying such advocacy work was in accordance with the principles of the Basic Law. He added that vetoing the budget would not constitute "seriously interfering in, disrupting, or undermining the performance of duties and functions" of the government under Article 22 of the new law because the chief executive has the power to dismiss the legislature and call a by-election.[8]

On 10 July one day before the primaries, the Housing Authority sent out a mass letter saying all District Councillors were barred from using their offices as polling stations or for any purposes other than related to district council activities. It warned that action might be taken against the District Councillors who were found to have violated terms in their rental contracts. A pro-democracy ice cream shop also had to scrap the plan to become a polling station after the property managers warned their participation could violate the tenancy agreement.[9] At night, Hong Kong Police raided the Public Opinion Research Institute (PORI) office in Wong Chuk Hang, accusing the organisation of dishonest use of a computer. Au Nok-hin said the police move was to suppress the weekend voting and cast a "deterrent effect" on organisers and supporters.[10]

Results[edit source | edit]

Over 590,000 electronic ballots and more than 20,000 paper ballots were recorded throughout the two-day vote, more than 13 per cent of the total number of registered voters and far exceeding the organisers' expected turnout of 170,000. Despite the national security law and legal threats, "Hong Kong people have made history again – another miracle happened in Hong Kong," Benny Tai said. "Hong Kong people – after all these years, since 2003 – have demonstrated to the world, and also to the authorities, that we have not given up to strive for democracy."[11]

Traditional parties lost grounds in most of the direct constituencies to the localist new faces, with Democratic Party incumbent legislator Helena Wong only came seventh in her Kowloon West constituency.[12] Former legislator "Long Hair" Leung Kwok-hung of the League of Social Democrats managed only ninth place in New Territories East for which only the top seven candidates would run in the general election.[12] Joseph Lee, incumbent legislator of the Health Services constituency also lost to Winnie Yu of the labour union Hospital Authority Employees Alliance which launched labour strike in the anti-extradition protests. Candidates from numerous small parties were wiped out, including Carol Ng from the Labour Party, who lost in New Territories West.[12]

Localist candidates emerged as the new force in the primaries, with an unofficial six-person alliance led by former Demosistō secretary-general Joshua Wong, incumbent legislator Eddie Chu and endorsed by withdrawn candidate Nathan Law, all became either the top or runner-up candidate in their respective constituencies. Wong himself was the top candidate in Kowloon East, while Eddie Chu and former journalist Gwyneth Ho and came first in New Territories West and New Territories East respectively.[12] Tiffany Yuen who was endorsed by Nathan Law and activist Sunny Cheung also came in second in Hong Kong Island and Kowloon West respectively, with activist Lester Shum came in second in the District Council (Second) and Winnie Yu won the Health Services functional constituency.

Template:Hong Kong pro-democracy primaries, 2020

Geographical Constituencies[edit source | edit]

Template:Election box begin for list

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: Template:Democratic Party (Hong Kong)/meta/color; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[Democratic Party (Hong Kong)|Template:Democratic Party (Hong Kong)/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Hui Chi-fung, So Yat-hang | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 28,189 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 31.17 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: #DDDDDD; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[Independent (politician)|Template:Independent (politician)/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Tiffany Yuen Ka-wai | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 19,844 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 21.94 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: #DDDDDD; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[Independent (politician)|Template:Independent (politician)/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Fergus Leung Fong-wai | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 14,743 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 16.30 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: Template:Civic Party/meta/color; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[Civic Party|Template:Civic Party/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Tat Cheng | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 11,090 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 12.26 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color:#920C51" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | Chai Wan Startup | class="fn" | Chui Chi-kin | style="text-align:right;" | 7,974 | style="text-align:right;" | 8.82 | style="text-align:right;" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: #DDDDDD; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[Independent (politician)|Template:Independent (politician)/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Clarisse Yeung Suet-ying | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 5,707 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 6.31 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color:#000000" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | Team Pang | class="fn" | Pang Cheuk-kei, Ho Chi-wang, Clara Cheung, Li Wing-choi | style="text-align:right;" | 2,880 | style="text-align:right;" | 3.18 | style="text-align:right;" | |- Template:Election box total valid Template:Election box rejected


|- style="background-color:#F6F6F6" ! colspan="3" style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | Turnout | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 90,475 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 12.82 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | |- Template:Election box Registered electors

|}

Template:Election box begin for list

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: Template:League of Social Democrats/meta/color; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[League of Social Democrats|Template:League of Social Democrats/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Jimmy Sham Tsz-kit | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 25,670 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 31.68 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: #DDDDDD; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[Independent (politician)|Template:Independent (politician)/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Sunny Cheung Kwan-yang | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 16,992 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 20.97 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: Template:HK First/meta/color; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[HK First|Template:HK First/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Claudia Mo | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 9,308 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 11.49 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: Template:HKADPL/meta/color; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[HKADPL|Template:HKADPL/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Kalvin Ho Kai-ming | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 7,791 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 9.62 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: Template:Peninsular Commons/meta/color; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[Peninsular Commons|Template:Peninsular Commons/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Frankie Fung Tat-chun, Lee Hin-long | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 7,671 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 9.47 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: #DDDDDD; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[Independent (politician)|Template:Independent (politician)/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Lau Wai-chung | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 6,295 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 7.77 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: Template:Democratic Party (Hong Kong)/meta/color; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[Democratic Party (Hong Kong)|Template:Democratic Party (Hong Kong)/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Wong Pik-wan | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 4,718 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 5.82 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: #DDDDDD; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[Independent (politician)|Template:Independent (politician)/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Lau Chak-fung | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 1,426 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 1.76 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: #DDDDDD; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[Independent (politician)|Template:Independent (politician)/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Jeffrey Alterin Andrews | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 1,150 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 1.42 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |- Template:Election box total valid Template:Election box rejected


|- style="background-color:#F6F6F6" ! colspan="3" style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | Turnout | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 81,164 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 13.51 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | |- Template:Election box Registered electors

|}

Template:Election box begin for list

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: #DDDDDD; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[Independent (politician)|Template:Independent (politician)/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Joshua Wong Chi-fung[lower-alpha 1] | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 31,398 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 34.05 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: Template:Civic Party/meta/color; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[Civic Party|Template:Civic Party/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Jeremy Tam Man-ho | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 23,244 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 25.20 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color:#E9E9E9" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | Localist | class="fn" | Li Ka-tat | style="text-align:right;" | 15,194 | style="text-align:right;" | 16.48 | style="text-align:right;" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: Template:People Power (Hong Kong)/meta/color; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[People Power (Hong Kong)|Template:People Power (Hong Kong)/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Tam Tak-chi | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 10,980 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 11.91 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: Template:Democratic Party (Hong Kong)/meta/color; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[Democratic Party (Hong Kong)|Template:Democratic Party (Hong Kong)/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Wu Chi-wai | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 10,421 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 11.30 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: Template:HKADPL/meta/color; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[HKADPL|Template:HKADPL/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Sze Tak-loy | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 985 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 1.07 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |- Template:Election box total valid Template:Election box rejected


|- style="background-color:#F6F6F6" ! colspan="3" style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | Turnout | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 92,443 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 13.05 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | |- Template:Election box Registered electors

|}

Template:Election box begin for list

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: #DDDDDD; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[Independent (politician)|Template:Independent (politician)/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Eddie Chu Hoi-dick, Eddie Chan Shu-fai, Fung Siu-yin, Wong Pit-man | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 49,901 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 28.27 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: Template:Tuen Mun Community Network/meta/color; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[Tuen Mun Community Network|Template:Tuen Mun Community Network/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Sam Cheung Ho-sum | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 35,513 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 20.12 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: #DDDDDD; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[Independent (politician)|Template:Independent (politician)/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Wong Ji-yuet | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 22,911 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 12.98 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: Template:Tin Shui Wai Connection/meta/color; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[Tin Shui Wai Connection|Template:Tin Shui Wai Connection/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Ng Kin-wai, Lam Chun | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 20,525 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 11.63 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: Template:Democratic Party (Hong Kong)/meta/color; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[Democratic Party (Hong Kong)|Template:Democratic Party (Hong Kong)/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Andrew Wan Siu-kin | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 18,608 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 10.54 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: Template:Civic Party/meta/color; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[Civic Party|Template:Civic Party/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Kwok Ka-ki | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 13,354 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 7.56 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: Template:Labour Party (Hong Kong)/meta/color; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[Labour Party (Hong Kong)|Template:Labour Party (Hong Kong)/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Carol Ng Man-yee | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 10,860 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 6.15 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: Template:Neo Democrats/meta/color; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[Neo Democrats|Template:Neo Democrats/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Tam Hoi-pong, Roy Pun Long-chung | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 4,865 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 2.76 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |- Template:Election box total valid Template:Election box rejected


|- style="background-color:#F6F6F6" ! colspan="3" style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | Turnout | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 176,576 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 13.54 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | |- Template:Election box Registered electors

|}

Template:Election box begin for list

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: #DDDDDD; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[Independent (politician)|Template:Independent (politician)/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Ho Kwai-lam | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 26,256 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 16.50 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color:#E9E9E9" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | Localist | class="fn" | Lau Wing-hong, Li Chi-wang, Chiu Chu-pong, Wong Hok-lai, Chan Wan-tung, Ricardo Liao Pak-hong, William Shek, Lo Tak-ming | style="text-align:right;" | 26,216 | style="text-align:right;" | 16.48 | style="text-align:right;" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: Template:Civic Party/meta/color; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[Civic Party|Template:Civic Party/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Alvin Yeung Ngok-kiu | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 24,303 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 15.27 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: Template:People Power (Hong Kong)/meta/color; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[People Power (Hong Kong)|Template:People Power (Hong Kong)/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Raymond Chan Chi-chuen | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 16,566 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 10.41 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: #DDDDDD; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[Independent (politician)|Template:Independent (politician)/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Owen Chow Ka-shing | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 16,508 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 10.37 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: Template:Democratic Party (Hong Kong)/meta/color; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[Democratic Party (Hong Kong)|Template:Democratic Party (Hong Kong)/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Lam Cheuk-ting, Wong Hoi-ying, Ng Ting-lam, Kwok Long-fung | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 14,012 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 8.81 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: Template:Neo Democrats/meta/color; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[Neo Democrats|Template:Neo Democrats/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Gary Fan Kwok-wai, Lai Ming-chak | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 9,764 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 6.14 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: #DDDDDD; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[Independent (politician)|Template:Independent (politician)/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Hendrick Lui Chi-hang | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 9,590 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 6.03 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: Template:League of Social Democrats/meta/color; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[League of Social Democrats|Template:League of Social Democrats/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Leung Kwok-hung | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 8,944 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 5.62 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: #DDDDDD; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[Independent (politician)|Template:Independent (politician)/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Mike Lam | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 5,239 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 3.29 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: Template:Community Alliance/meta/color; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[Community Alliance|Template:Community Alliance/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Ricky Or Yiu-lam | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 1,436 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 0.90 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: #DDDDDD; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[Independent (politician)|Template:Independent (politician)/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Lee Chi-yung | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 286 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 0.18 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |- Template:Election box total valid Template:Election box rejected


|- style="background-color:#F6F6F6" ! colspan="3" style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | Turnout | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | |- Template:Election box Registered electors

|}

District Council (Second)[edit source | edit]

Template:Election box begin for list

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: Template:Democratic Party (Hong Kong)/meta/color; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[Democratic Party (Hong Kong)|Template:Democratic Party (Hong Kong)/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Kwong Chun-yu | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 258,575 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 50.73 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: #DDDDDD; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[Independent (politician)|Template:Independent (politician)/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Lester Shum | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 124,659 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 24.46 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color:#E9E9E9" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | Localist | class="fn" | Wong Pak-yu | style="text-align:right;" | 70,611 | style="text-align:right;" | 13.85 | style="text-align:right;" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: Template:Democratic Party (Hong Kong)/meta/color; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[Democratic Party (Hong Kong)|Template:Democratic Party (Hong Kong)/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | James To Kun-sun | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 45,596 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 8.95 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |-

|- class="vcard" | style="background-color: Template:Civic Party/meta/color; width: 5px;" | | class="org" style="width: 130px" | [[Civic Party|Template:Civic Party/meta/shortname]] | class="fn" | Lee Yue-shun | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 10,260 | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | 2.01 | style="background: ; color: #2C2C2C; vertical-align: middle; font-size: smaller; text-align: center;" class="table-na" | |- Template:Election box total valid Template:Election box rejected


|- style="background-color:#F6F6F6" ! colspan="3" style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | Turnout | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | | style="text-align: right; margin-right: 0.5em" | |- Template:Election box Registered electors

|}

Traditional Functional Constituencies[edit source | edit]

Template:Election box total validTemplate:Election box rejectedTemplate:Election box Registered electors
Health Services
Party Candidate Votes % ±
HAEA Winnie Yu Wai-ming 2,493 75.98
[[Independent (politician)|Template:Independent (politician)/meta/shortname]] Michael Felix Lau Hoi-man 516 15.73
Professionals Guild Joseph Lee Kok-long 218 6.64
[[Independent (politician)|Template:Independent (politician)/meta/shortname]] Yuen Wai-kit 54 1.65
Turnout 8.13

Responses[edit source | edit]

Chief Executive Carrie Lam issued a strong warning to the candidates and organisers of the primaries, saying it was subversive for them to vow to seize control of the legislature and vote down key government proposals. "If this so-called primary election's purpose is to achieve the ultimate goal of delivering what they called '35+' [lawmakers], with the objective of objecting or resisting every policy initiative of the HKSAR government, it may fall into the category of subverting the state power – one of the four types of offences under the national security law," she said.[12]

A spokesman for Beijing's Liaison Office in Hong Kong condemned the opposition camp for ignoring the Hong Kong government's warning of possible legal breaches and pressing ahead with the primary. "It is a serious provocation to the current election system, seriously damages the fairness and impartiality of the Legislative Council election, and seriously harms to the legal rights and interests of other candidates," the office wrote.[13] It named Benny Tai as a suspect in a possible breach of the national security law by coordinating with the opposition camp to seek control of the legislature, vote down the budget, paralyse the government and subvert the state power. It also accused Tai and the opposition of aiming to take over the city's governance by staging the Hong Kong version of a "colour revolution".[12] The Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office (HKMAO) also accused organiser Benny Tai of "illegally manipulating" the Hong Kong's electoral system, challenging the new national security law and acting as a political agent for foreign forces.[14]

Benny Tai defended that the candidates were not seeking to undermine the performance of duties and functions by the body of power of the central government or of Hong Kong, referring to their agreement that pro-democrats should veto the budget if they were voted into the legislature. "Legco’s power of vetoing the budget is stated in the Basic Law," he said. "How can a power that is recognised by the Basic Law be breaching the national security law?"[12]

U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo congratulated the success of the primaries and said the United States was gravely concerned over Carrie Lam’s warning that the primaries might have violated the new national security law. In a statement, Pompeo said Washington would be watching developments in Hong Kong closely and urged the Legislative Council general election in September to be "equally free and fair".[15][16]

Notes[edit source | edit]

  1. Registered as Demosistō but quit the party on 30 June 2020 before the party dissolved itself on the same day.

References[edit source | edit]

  1. "戴耀廷倡「去中心化」雷動2.0 搶攻功能界別 冀泛民佔立會過半". 信報財經新聞 (in Chinese). 2 December 2019.
  2. "【立會選舉】民主派初選現曙光 戴耀廷區諾軒牽頭 素人看淡成事". Hong Kong 01. 28 February 2020. Retrieved 24 June 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Hong Kong pro-democracy activists to hold primaries ahead of legislative elections". Hong Kong Free Press. 10 June 2020.
  4. "立法會選舉|街工確認無交提名參加民主派初選 盧藝賢:直接參選立法會言之過早". 明報. 22 June 2020.
  5. "Joshua Wong's pro-democracy group Demosisto disbands hours after Hong Kong security law passed". Hong Kong Free Press. 30 June 2020.
  6. "Hong Kong activist Nathan Law says he fled city". Deutsche Welle. 2 July 2020.
  7. "羅冠聰退出民主派初選 籲轉投袁嘉蔚". 明報. 9 July 2020.
  8. "Hong Kong legislative primaries may violate national security law, mainland affairs minister warns". Hong Kong Free Press. 9 July 2020.
  9. "Hong Kong primaries: Pro-democracy shop scraps polling station plan as gov't warns district councillors". Hong Kong Free Press. 11 July 2020.
  10. "Hong Kong police raid office of poll organisers involved in Saturday's opposition primary, over suspected data leak from 2013 project". South China Morning Post. 10 July 2020.
  11. "'Hong Kong people made history again': Over 600,000 vote in democrats' primaries as co-organiser hails 'miracle' turnout". Hong Kong Free Press. 12 July 2020.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.5 12.6 "Hong Kong's traditional opposition parties lose out to localist challengers in fierce weekend primary for coming Legislative Council election". South China Morning Post. 13 July 2020.
  13. "'Serious provocation': Beijing blasts Hong Kong democrat primaries after initial results reveal". Hong Kong Free Press. 14 July 2020.
  14. "Hong Kong elections: Beijing issues strongest condemnation yet of opposition's primary vote, accusing organiser Benny Tai of manipulating polling system". South China Morning Post. 14 July 2020.
  15. "Pompeo says U.S. gravely concerned by Lam warning on Hong Kong primary elections". Reuters. 15 July 2020.
  16. "Pompeo urges 'free and fair' Hong Kong vote after China warning". France 24. 14 July 2020.

Template:Hong Kong elections

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