2020 Kaohsiung mayoral recall vote

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2020 Kaohsiung mayoral recall vote
6 June 2020

Popular vote on recalling incumbent mayor of Kaohsiung, Han Kuo-yu
高雄市長 韓國瑜.jpg
Voting systemMayor is recalled if votes in favour of recall outnumber those against and exceed a quarter of eligible voters (574,996)
OutcomeAdopted
Results
Response
Votes %
Yes 939,090 97.40%
No 25,051 2.60%
Valid votes 964,141 99.47%
Invalid or blank votes 5,118 0.53%
Total votes 969,259 100.00%
Registered voters/turnout 2,299,981 42.14%

Kaohsiung mayoral recall vote map 2020.svg
  Agree votes below 25%, diff > 9,700
  Agree votes below 25%, diff > 2,400
  Agree votes below 25%, diff < 2,400
  Agree votes above 25%, diff < 2,400
  Agree votes above 25%, diff > 2,400
  Agree votes above 25%, diff > 9,700

The 2020 Kaohsiung mayoral recall vote was a recall election held on 6 June 2020 to recall the incumbent mayor of Kaohsiung, Han Kuo-yu. The recall was successful, as the number of agree votes (939,090) outnumbered disagree votes and exceeded the minimum requirement of 574,996. Han is to be removed from office by 12 June 2020. An acting mayor is to be appointed by the Executive Yuan and hold office until a by-election, to be held no later than 12 September 2020.

The vote is the largest-scale recall vote in Taiwan in terms of electorate, and is the first successful recall of a mayor or magistrate.

Background[edit source | edit]

Han Kuo-yu was elected mayor of Kaohsiung City in the 2018 local election. However, his popularity quickly dwindled after he began campaigning for the 2020 Taiwanese presidential election, leading to a recall proposal on 26 December 2019.[1] On 17 January 2020, a petition to recall Han cleared the first threshold with 28,560 signatures, exceeding the required 1% of the electorate (22,814 signatures).[2] On 7 April, the city's electoral commission verified that 377,662 of approximately 406,000 signatures collected in the second phase of the recall petition were valid, clearing the threshold of 10% of the electorate.[3][4] The Central Election Commission certified the validity of collected signatures on 17 April, and scheduled a recall vote on 6 June 2020.[5]

Han contested the legality of the recall in court, claiming that petitioners had been collecting signatures before he had served a full year as mayor, in violation of Article 75 of the Civil Servants and Election and Recall Act. The motion was denied by the Taipei Administrative High Court on 17 April 2020.[6] An appeal to the Taiwan Supreme Administrative Court was rejected on 7 May 2020.[7] Han claimed that the recall vote would damage his reputation, interfere with his mayoral duties, burden other city officials, and delay municipal work programs. The Taipei High Administrative Court ruled against these arguments on 22 May.[8]

Voting system[edit source | edit]

Residents of Kaohsiung City registered in the city continuously since 6 February 2020 and aged 20 or above on the day prior to the vote are eligible. The mayor is recalled if votes in favour of the recall outnumber those against and exceed one quarter of voters in the original electoral district (574,996).[9][10][11]

Procedures and timetable[edit source | edit]

The Central Election Commission stated on 2 May 2020 that the 1,823 polling sites used in the 2018 mayoral election would be set up for the recall vote.[12] The CEC released a statement by Han on 5 May, in which he emphasised the economic investment drawn to Kaohsiung during his mayoral administration.[13] Polls were open from 08:00 to 16:00 on 6 June.[14]

Opinion polling[edit source | edit]

Date Pollster Sample size % turn out[lower-alpha 1] % turn out and vote agree % in favour of recall % against recall % other
2020-06-06 Result 2,299,981 42.1 40.8 N/A N/A N/A
2020-05-24 INA News 1,080 45.5 41.9 57.3 30.0 12.7
2020-05-23 Apple Daily 1,079 39.0 36.0 50.1 22.0 27.9
2020-05-20 TVBS 1,237 39.0 34.3 45.0 N/A N/A
2020-05-21 TPOF 1,085 47.9 35.0 56.3 28.2 11.2
2020-05-19 New Power Party 830 46.4 35.6 56.4 28.9 14.7
2020-05-19 Statebuilding Party 1,072 34.5 31.9 54.4 26.5 19.0
2020-05-08 Apple Daily 1,082 50.2 37.3 65.0 20.4 14.6
2020-05-05 INA News 1,090 47.5 36.0 55.1 32.0 12.9
2020-04-20 New Power Party 805 43.6 33.0 52.1 35.2 12.7
2020-03-20 Taiwan Brain Trust 1,087 51.2 39.5 59.5 34.5 6.0
2020-02-07 TVBS 1,213 44.0 34.8 53.0 32.0 16.0
2020-01-16 ETtoday 1,768 N/A N/A 63.4 33.2 3.4
2020-01-14 TVBS 1,030 N/A N/A 53.0 32.0 15.0
2020-01-14 TISR 1,072 65.1 58.2 58.5 29.8 11.7

Results[edit source | edit]

The motion to recall Han garnered 939,090 votes favouring recall and 25,051 votes against recall. Agree votes accounted for 40.83% of voters, exceeding the 25% minimum electoral threshold to pass it.[15][16] Han conceded the vote shortly after polls closed.[17]

Count % % electorate
Electorate 2,299,981 100.00
Threshold 574,996 25.00
Agree votes 939,090 97.40 40.83
Disagree votes 25,051 2.60 1.09
Valid votes 964,141 99.47 41.92
Invalid votes 5,118 0.53 0.22
Total votes 969,259 100.00 42.14
Outcome Adopted

Notes[edit source | edit]

  1. Responses indicating "likely turnout" are not included

References[edit source | edit]

  1. "The Rise and Rapid Fall of Han Kuo-yu". The Diplomat. Retrieved 17 April 2020.
  2. "Petition to recall Han passes first hurdle: CEC". Taipei Times. 19 January 2020. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
  3. Wang, Shwu-fen; Liu, Kuang-ting; Yeh, Joseph (7 April 2020). "Petition to recall Han passes second stage, vote likely in June". Central News Agency. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
  4. Shih, Hsiao-kuang (20 February 2020). "Signatures for petition to recall Han pass 450,000". Taipei Times. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
  5. Pan, Jason (18 April 2020). "Han recall vote set for June 6". Taipei Times. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  6. Yu, Matt; Mazzetta, Matthew (17 April 2020). "Motion to halt Han recall petition dismissed; Han vows appeal". Central News Agency. Retrieved 17 April 2020.
  7. Liu, Shih-yi; Kao, Evelyn (7 January 2020). "Han's appeal to halt Kaohsiung mayoral recall rejected". Central News Agency. Retrieved 7 May 2020.
  8. Pan, Jason (23 May 2020). "Court rejects Han's attempt to halt vote". Taipei Times. Retrieved 23 May 2020.
  9. Wang, Shwu-fen; Hsu, Elizabeth (17 April 2020). "Recall vote on Kaohsiung mayor to be held in June". Central News Agency.
  10. Liu, Kay (31 May 2020). "Kaohsiung mayor first special municipality chief to face recall vote". Central News Agency. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
  11. "Explainer: June 6 vote to recall Kaohsiung Mayor Han Kuo-yu". Central News Agency. 5 June 2020. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  12. Ko, Yu-hao (3 May 2020). "CEC reaches deal for Han recall vote". Taipei Times. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  13. Wen, Juei-hsiang; Ku, Chuan; Huang, Frances (5 May 2020). "Kaohsiung mayor defends himself against recall vote". Central News Agency. Retrieved 5 May 2020.
  14. Ko, Lin (6 June 2020). "Kaohsiung voters head to polls for mayoral recall". Central News Agency. Retrieved 6 June 2020.
  15. Mazzetta, Matthew (6 June 2020). "Han Kuo-yu becomes first mayor in Taiwan to be recalled (update)". Central News Agency. Retrieved 6 June 2020.
  16. Mazzetta, Matthew (6 June 2020). "Official count shows Han recall vote has passed threshold". Central News Agency. Retrieved 6 June 2020.
  17. Lee, Hsin-Yin (6 June 2020). "Han concedes defeat in recall election, blasts DPP's 'national team' effort". Central News Agency. Retrieved 6 June 2020.

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