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2020 Kaohsiung mayoral recall vote

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Template:Infobox referendum The 2020 Kaohsiung mayoral recall vote was a recall election held on 6 June 2020 to recall the incumbent mayor of Kaohsiung, Han Kuo-yu. The recall was successful, as the number of agree votes (939,090) outnumbered disagree votes and exceeded the minimum requirement of 574,996. Han is to be removed from office by 12 June 2020. An acting mayor is to be appointed by the Executive Yuan and hold office until a by-election, to be held no later than 12 September 2020.

The vote is the largest-scale recall vote in Taiwan in terms of electorate, and is the first successful recall of a mayor or magistrate.

Background[edit source | edit]

Han Kuo-yu was elected mayor of Kaohsiung City in the 2018 local election. However, his popularity quickly dwindled after he began campaigning for the 2020 Taiwanese presidential election, leading to a recall proposal on 26 December 2019.[1] On 17 January 2020, a petition to recall Han cleared the first threshold with 28,560 signatures, exceeding the required 1% of the electorate (22,814 signatures).[2] On 7 April, the city's electoral commission verified that 377,662 of approximately 406,000 signatures collected in the second phase of the recall petition were valid, clearing the threshold of 10% of the electorate.[3][4] The Central Election Commission certified the validity of collected signatures on 17 April, and scheduled a recall vote on 6 June 2020.[5]

Han contested the legality of the recall in court, claiming that petitioners had been collecting signatures before he had served a full year as mayor, in violation of Article 75 of the Civil Servants and Election and Recall Act. The motion was denied by the Taipei Administrative High Court on 17 April 2020.[6] An appeal to the Taiwan Supreme Administrative Court was rejected on 7 May 2020.[7] Han claimed that the recall vote would damage his reputation, interfere with his mayoral duties, burden other city officials, and delay municipal work programs. The Taipei High Administrative Court ruled against these arguments on 22 May.[8]

Voting system[edit source | edit]

Residents of Kaohsiung City registered in the city continuously since 6 February 2020 and aged 20 or above on the day prior to the vote are eligible. The mayor is recalled if votes in favour of the recall outnumber those against and exceed one quarter of voters in the original electoral district (574,996).[9][10][11]

Procedures and timetable[edit source | edit]

The Central Election Commission stated on 2 May 2020 that the 1,823 polling sites used in the 2018 mayoral election would be set up for the recall vote.[12] The CEC released a statement by Han on 5 May, in which he emphasised the economic investment drawn to Kaohsiung during his mayoral administration.[13] Polls were open from 08:00 to 16:00 on 6 June.[14]

Opinion polling[edit source | edit]

Date Pollster Sample size % turn out[lower-alpha 1] % turn out and vote agree % in favour of recall % against recall % other
2020-06-06 Result 2,299,981 42.1 40.8 N/A N/A N/A
2020-05-24 INA News 1,080 45.5 41.9 57.3 30.0 12.7
2020-05-23 Apple Daily 1,079 39.0 36.0 50.1 22.0 27.9
2020-05-20 TVBS 1,237 39.0 34.3 45.0 N/A N/A
2020-05-21 TPOF 1,085 47.9 35.0 56.3 28.2 11.2
2020-05-19 New Power Party 830 46.4 35.6 56.4 28.9 14.7
2020-05-19 Statebuilding Party 1,072 34.5 31.9 54.4 26.5 19.0
2020-05-08 Apple Daily 1,082 50.2 37.3 65.0 20.4 14.6
2020-05-05 INA News 1,090 47.5 36.0 55.1 32.0 12.9
2020-04-20 New Power Party 805 43.6 33.0 52.1 35.2 12.7
2020-03-20 Taiwan Brain Trust 1,087 51.2 39.5 59.5 34.5 6.0
2020-02-07 TVBS 1,213 44.0 34.8 53.0 32.0 16.0
2020-01-16 ETtoday 1,768 N/A N/A 63.4 33.2 3.4
2020-01-14 TVBS 1,030 N/A N/A 53.0 32.0 15.0
2020-01-14 TISR 1,072 65.1 58.2 58.5 29.8 11.7

Results[edit source | edit]

The motion to recall Han garnered 939,090 votes favouring recall and 25,051 votes against recall. Agree votes accounted for 40.83% of voters, exceeding the 25% minimum electoral threshold to pass it.[15][16] Han conceded the vote shortly after polls closed.[17]

Count % % electorate
Electorate 2,299,981 100.00
Threshold 574,996 25.00
Agree votes 939,090 97.40 40.83
Disagree votes 25,051 2.60 1.09
Valid votes 964,141 99.47 41.92
Invalid votes 5,118 0.53 0.22
Total votes 969,259 100.00 42.14
Outcome Adopted

Notes[edit source | edit]

  1. Responses indicating "likely turnout" are not included

References[edit source | edit]

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