2020 Kyrgyzstan protests
|2020 Kyrgyzstan protests|
|Date||5 October 2020– present (6 months, 1 week and 1 day)|
|Methods||Demonstrations, civil disobedience|
|Parties to the civil conflict|
The 2020 Kyrgyzstan protests began on 5 October 2020 in response to the 2020 parliamentary election that were perceived by protestors as unfair. The results of the election were annulled on 6 October 2020.
Background[edit source | edit]
Kyrgyzstan had faced two revolutions during the early 21st century, including the Tulip Revolution in 2005 and the Kyrgyz Revolution of 2010. In August 2020, Kyrgyz President Sooronbay Jeenbekov indicated that the parliamentary elections would not be postponed despite the coronavirus pandemic. During the elections, several parties were accused of buying votes. Several journalists also reported that they had been harassed or attacked. Out of the parties that made it into parliament, only United Kyrgyzstan consistently opposes the incumbent government led by Jeenbekov.
Political analysts have tied the 2020 protests to a socio-economic divide between Kyrgyzstan's agrarian south and more-developed north. Of the initial election results, 100 of the 120 seats were filled by southerners who supported Jeenbekov. During Jeenbekov's presidency, Kyrgyzstan joined the Russian-led Eurasian Economic Union and closed the American Transit Center at Manas that was used for the War in Afghanistan.
Timeline[edit source | edit]
5 October[edit source | edit]
The protests began on Monday, 5 October 2020, with a crowd of 1,000 people, that grew to at least 5,000 people by evening in Bishkek (the capital of Kyrgyzstan) in protest against results and allegations of vote-buying in the 2020 parliamentary election. After nightfall, following a police operation to clear the Ala-Too Square of protesters with tear gas and water cannons, protesters allegedly attacked police officers with rocks and injured two of them. Former President Almazbek Atambayev was freed from prison.
6 October[edit source | edit]
On early Tuesday morning of 6 October 2020, the protesters reclaimed control of the Ala-Too Square in central Bishkek. They also managed to seize the White House and Supreme Council buildings nearby, throwing paper from windows and setting them on fire, also entering the President's offices. A protestor died and 590 others were injured. In addition, they freed the former President Almazbek Atambayev from jail.
On 6 October, following the protests, the electoral authorities in the country annulled the results of the parliamentary elections. Central Election Commission member Gulnara Jurabaeva also revealed the commission was considering self-dissolution.
In the meantime, opposition groups claimed to be in power after seizing government buildings in the capital, in which several provincial governors have reportedly resigned. President Sooronbay Jeenbekov said that he faced a coup d'état, then he told the BBC, that he was "ready to give the responsibility to strong leaders".
7 October[edit source | edit]
According to the Ministry of Healthcare, no fewer than 768 people injured during the protests have been treated by the country's hospitals and clinics as of Wednesday morning. According to Reuters, at least three distinct groups have now attempted to claim leadership.
Reactions[edit source | edit]
China[edit source | edit]
On 7 October, the Chinese Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying said, "As a friendly neighbor and comprehensive strategic partner, China sincerely hopes that all parties in Kyrgyzstan can resolve the issue according to law through dialogue and consultation, and push for stability in Kyrgyzstan as soon as possible."
Russia[edit source | edit]
On 7 October, Russian President Vladimir Putin said they are concerned by political unrest taking place in neighboring Kyrgyzstan and hoped for a swift return to stability. Russia also gave assurances it was in touch with all the sides in the conflict and hoped that democratic process would be restored.
See also[edit source | edit]
- Kyrgyz Revolution of 2010
- 2013 Kyrgyzstan protests
- 2020s in political history
- List of protests in the 21st century
References[edit source | edit]
- "Opposition in Kyrgyzstan claims power after storming government buildings". Reuters. 6 October 2020.
- "Kyrgyzstan election: Protesters storm parliament over vote-rigging claims". BBC. 6 October 2020.
- Pannier, Bruce. "Backlash Against Kyrgyz Parliamentary Election Results Comes Instantly". Radio Free Europe/ Radio Liberty. RFE/RL, Inc. Retrieved 5 October 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Thousands protest over Kyrgyzstan election result". 5 October 2020. Retrieved 5 October 2020 – via BBC News. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Kyrgyzstan election: Sunday's results annulled after mass protests". BBC. 6 October 2020.
- Azamat Temirkulov (29 July 2010). "Kyrgyz "revolutions" in 2005 and 2010: comparative analysis of mass mobilization". Retrieved 6 October 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "No Coronavirus Postponement And No Front-Runners So Far In Kyrgyz Elections". 7 August 2020. Retrieved 6 October 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Namatbayeva, Tolkun (5 October 2020). "Monitors decry vote-buying in Kyrgyz parliamentary vote". AFP. Retrieved 6 October 2020 – via Yahoo!.
- Furlong, Ray (4 October 2020). "Videos show apparent vote-buying in Kyrgyz elections". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Retrieved 4 October 2020.
- Ovozi, Qishloq (3 October 2020). "Kyrgyzstan: A Guide To The Parties Competing In The Parliamentary Elections". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Retrieved 5 October 2020.
- Ivan Nechepurenko (6 October 2020). "Kyrgyzstan in Chaos After Protesters Seize Government Buildings". The New York Times. Retrieved 6 October 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Staff, Reuters (5 October 2020). "Kyrgyz police use teargas, water cannon to disperse protesters". Retrieved 5 October 2020 – via Reuters. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Protests in Kyrgyzstan over alleged vote rigging". Al Jazeera English. 5 October 2020. Retrieved 5 October 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Opposition in Kyrgyzstan claims power after storming government buildings". CNN. 6 October 2020.
Protesters then broke into the headquarters of the State Committee on National Security and freed former president Almazbek Atambayev, who was sentenced to a lengthy prison term this year on corruption charges after falling out with Jeenbekov, his successor.
- "Демонстранты полностью контролируют площадь «Ала-Тоо»". Радио Азаттык (Кыргызская служба Радио Свободная Европа/Радио Свобода) (in Russian). Retrieved 5 October 2020.
- "Protesters seize Kyrgyzstan's seat of government: Reports". The Straits Times. 6 October 2020.
- "Jailbreak: Kyrgyz protesters free ex-president Atambayev, imprisoned for corruption". RT. 5 October 2020.
- "ЦИК Киргизии признал прошедшие парламентские выборы недействительными" (in Russian). 6 October 2020. Retrieved 6 October 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Kyrgyzstan election: Embattled president hints he may stand down". BBC. 6 October 2020.
- "Kyrgyz PM Boronov resigns, new speaker named - report". National Post. Retrieved 6 October 2020.
- "Смена власти в Кыргызстане. День третий". Медиазона. Центральная Азия (in Russian). 7 October 2020. Retrieved 7 October 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Kyrgyz opposition groups make rival power grabs after toppling government". Reuters. 7 October 2020. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- "Kyrgyz Parliamentarians launch impeachment procedure against President Jeenbekov". nation.com.pk. 7 October 2020.
- "China calls for stability in Kyrgyzstan amid protests". Anadolu Agency. 7 October 2020. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
- "Russia, China call for calm in Kyrgyzstan chaos". Reuters. 7 October 2020. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
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