2020 Malian coup d'état
|2020 Malian coup d'état|
|Part of the Mali War and 2020 Malian protests|
|Commanders and leaders|
Ibrahim Keïta |
On 18 August 2020, elements of the Malian Armed Forces began a mutiny. Soldiers on pick-up trucks stormed the Soundiata military base in the town of Kati, where gunfire was exchanged before weapons were distributed from the armory and senior officers arrested. Tanks and armoured vehicles were seen on the town's streets, as well as military trucks heading for the capital, Bamako. The soldiers detained several government officials including the President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta who resigned and dissolved the government. This is the country's second coup in less than 10 years, following the 2012 coup d'état.
Background[edit source | edit]
Protests in Mali had been ongoing since 5 June, with protesters calling for the resignation of President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta. Protesters were displeased with the management of the ongoing insurgency, alleged government corruption and a floundering economy.
Coup d'état[edit source | edit]
On the morning of 18 August 2020, soldiers began firing bullets into the air at a military base in Kati, a town 15 kilometres (9.3 miles) away from Bamako, the capital of Mali. After moving into the capital, the mutineers arrested Minister of Finance Abdoulaye Daffe, the Chief of Staff of the National Guard, and Moussa Timbiné, speaker of the National Assembly. The Prime Minister, Boubou Cissé, appealed for dialogue with the mutineers, acknowledging they held "legitimate frustrations". A mutiny leader later claimed that Keïta and Cissé had been arrested at the former's residence in Bamako; African Union Commission chairman Moussa Faki confirmed that Keïta, Cissé, and other officials had been arrested and called for their release. A spokesman for the M5-RFP opposition coalition welcomed their detention, describing it as a "popular insurrection".
The officials were taken to the military camp in Kati where the uprising began. As news of the mutiny spread, hundreds of protesters gathered at Bamako's Independence Monument to demand Keïta's resignation. Protesters also set a building belonging to the Ministry of Justice ablaze.
It is not clear how many soldiers took part in the mutiny, who began the mutiny or who will now take charge.
Aftermath[edit source | edit]
Military leaders had ordered closure of all border crossings and imposed a night-time curfew. "As of today, 19 August 2020, all air and land borders are closed until further notice. A curfew is in place from 21:00 to 05:00 until further notice," Col-Major Ismaël Wagué, Malian Air Force deputy chief of staff, said in a televised address. He also invited opposition groups to talks for fresh elections.
International reaction[edit source | edit]
Representatives of several countries[lower-alpha 1] condemned the coup, as did representatives of the African Union, European Union, and United Nations. Amnesty International called for the release of the detainees. Meanwhile, the United Nations Security Council unanimously approved a resolution condemning the coup and calling on the soldiers to return to their barracks and release all detainees without delay.
See also[edit source | edit]
Notes[edit source | edit]
References[edit source | edit]
- "Mali Coup Soldiers Take to Airwaves, Promise Elections". The New York Times. Associated Press. 19 August 2020. Retrieved 19 August 2020.
- "Gunfire heard at Mali army base, warnings of possible mutiny". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
- "Mali coup: Military promises elections after ousting president". BBC News. 19 August 2020. Retrieved 19 August 2020.
- Welle (www.dw.com), Deutsche. "Possible coup underway in Mali | DW | 18 August 2020". DW.COM. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
- "Mali: Gunfire heard at Kati military camp near Bamako". The Africa Report.com. 18 August 2020. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
- "Mali soldiers detain senior officers in apparent mutiny". AP NEWS. 18 August 2020. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
- Tih, Felix (18 August 2020). "Gunshots heard at military camp near Mali capital". Anadolu Agency. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
- "Mali president resigns after detention by military, deepening crisis". Reuters. 19 August 2020. Retrieved 19 August 2020.
- Maclean, Ruth (16 July 2020). "Anger at Mali's President Rises After Security Forces Kill Protesters". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
- "Mali PM apologises for security force 'excesses' during protests". Reuters. 17 July 2020. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
- "Mali opposition leaders freed after days of anti-gov't protests". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
- "Calls for calm as Mali gov't criticised for response to protests". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
- "Mali president dissolves top court amid unrest". BBC News. 12 July 2020. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
- "Factbox: Why Mali is in turmoil again". Reuters. 18 August 2020. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
- "Mutinying soldiers say they have detained Mali's President Keita, Prime Minister Cisse". France24. 18 August 2020. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
- "Soldiers take up arms as Mali crisis deepens". Al Jazeera. 18 August 2020. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
- Kelly, Jeremy (18 August 2020). "Mali PM and president under arrest, claim army mutineers". The Times. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
- Maclean, Ruth (18 August 2020). "Mali's President and Prime Minister Arrested in Military Coup". The New York Times. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
- "Mali president 'seized by mutinying soldiers'". BBC News. 18 August 2020. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
- "Mali's president resigns and dissolves parliament". BBC News. 19 August 2020. Retrieved 19 August 2020.
- Marouf-Araibi, Yasmine (19 August 2020). "Coup d'Etat au Mali: "L'Algérie rejette tout changement anti-constitutionnel"". INTERLIGNES Algérie (in French). Retrieved 19 August 2020.
- François-Philippe Champagne [@FP_Champagne] (18 August 2020). "Canada is very concerned by the situation in Mali & strongly condemns the mutiny of the Garde nationale units against the government.
I can also confirm that all @CanEmbMali personnel are safe.
We will continue to follow the situation closely" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Crossly, Gabriel; (writing) Blanchard, Ben; (ed.) Richardson, Alex (19 August 2020). "China, on Mali president resignation, says opposes regime change by force". Reuters. Retrieved 19 August 2020.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- "Morocco expresses concern following mutiny in Mali | The North Africa Post". northafricapost.com. Retrieved 19 August 2020.
- "Nigerian Government Condemns Mali Coup". Channels Television. Retrieved 19 August 2020.
- "Russia says has information about arrests of Mali's president and PM: RIA". 19 August 2020 – via www.reuters.com.
- "Official Statement 054 - Attempted coup d'état in Mali". exteriores.gob.es. Spanish Foreign Ministry. 19 August 2020. Retrieved 19 August 2020.
The Government of Spain is following with great concern the events that have unfolded today in the cities of Katy and Bamako in Mali.
- "Turkey expresses concern over military takeover in Mali". Daily Sabah. 19 August 2020. Retrieved 19 August 2020.
- "Mali: UK statement on military coup". GOV.UK. Retrieved 19 August 2020.
- "Mali PM also detained by mutinying soldiers, African Union condemns". Reuters. 18 August 2020. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
- "Mali: Déclaration du Haut-Représentant/Vice-President Josep Borrell sur la tentative de coup d'Etat en cours". European Union (in French). 18 August 2020. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
- "UN chief demands 'immediate and unconditional release' of President, cabinet members". UN news. 18 August 2020. Retrieved 18 August 2020.
- "Mali: Military authorities must end arbitrary arrests and ensure the investigation of unlawful killing of four people". www.amnesty.org. Retrieved 19 August 2020.
- Nichols, Michelle; (ed.) Nomiyama, Chizu (19 August 2020). "U.N. Security Council condemns mutiny in Mali, urges soldiers return to barracks". Reuters. Retrieved 19 August 2020.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
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