2020 Mongolian legislative election
Electoral system[edit source | edit]
The 76 members of the State Great Khural will be elected by plurality-at-large voting in multi-member constituencies. The electoral system was not decided until a new electoral law was passed on 22 December 2019. The changes were expected to marginalise smaller parties, and also effectively removed the right of 150,000 Mongolian expatriates to vote, as they could not be registered in a specific constituency. The new electoral law also barred people found guilty of "corrupt practices" from standing in elections.
Women's right activists called for raising gender quota for nominations from 20% to 30% but they failed. Currently, female legislators make up 17% (13 seats) in the parliament, the highest number since the first democratic elections in 1990.
Parties and coalitions[edit source | edit]
The following parties who contested in the prior elections have stated their intent to run (ordered by number of seats obtained in the prior elections):
- Mongolian People's Party
- Democratic Party
- Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
- Sovereignty and Unity
- Mongolian Republican Party
- Civil Movement
- United Coalition of Patriots
- Civil Will–Green Party
- Mongolian Social Democratic Party
- Ger Area Development Party /Гэр хороолол хөгжлийн нам/
New entrants[edit source | edit]
The following parties which were legally registered, but did not take part in the prior elections, are eligible to run:
Coalitions[edit source | edit]
On 15 January 2020, the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party signed a memorandum of understanding with the Mongolian Green Party. On 20 March, the Civil Will–Green Party signed a memorandum of understanding as well. The three parties will run as a coalition in the upcoming elections, and have stated that if the coalition remains intact, for the 2021 presidential elections as well.
References[edit source | edit]
- Mongolia: Election for Ulsyn Ikh Khural (Mongolian State Great Hural) IFES
- Law on Elections amended Montsame, 24 December 2019
- Mongolia's new election rules handicap smaller parties, clear way for two-horse race Reuters, 20 May 2016