2020 Republican National Convention
2020 U.S. presidential election
The 2020 Republican National Convention is an event in which delegates of the United States Republican Party will select the party's nominees for president and vice president in the 2020 United States presidential election. The convention will be held from August 24 to 27, 2020. The convention was originally scheduled to be held at the Spectrum Center in Charlotte, North Carolina, but was moved to Jacksonville, Florida due to disagreements with the North Carolina state government over its social distancing measures related to the COVID-19 pandemic. However, on July 23, the Jacksonville events were cancelled by the Republican National Committee.
By tradition, because Republicans currently hold the White House, their convention will be held after the 2020 Democratic National Convention, which is scheduled for August 17–20. Former White House Director of Management and Administration Marcia Lee Kelly was named convention president and CEO in April 2019, making her the first Asian-American to do so for either major political party in American history.
On March 17, 2020, President Donald Trump won the Florida and Illinois primaries, giving him more than the required 1,276 delegates to secure the presidential nomination. He had previously announced that Vice President Mike Pence would remain as his vice presidential running mate in his re-election bid.
Background[edit source | edit]
Original site selection[edit source | edit]
Las Vegas, Nevada, and Charlotte, North Carolina, were mentioned as possible locations for the 2020 RNC due to their locations within "swing states." Neither had ever hosted a Republican National Convention, although Charlotte had hosted the 2012 Democratic National Convention. A Charlotte television station, WBTV, reported that Charlotte, Las Vegas, and "another unnamed city in Texas, which sources at the meeting said were likely either Dallas or San Antonio" were finalists to host the convention. Other sources named Dallas, Texas and New York City, New York as prospective hosts, while Las Vegas, Nevada, Nashville, Tennessee, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and San Antonio, Texas had been under consideration earlier. However, Charlotte was the only city in the country to officially submit a bid for the convention. On July 18, 2018, the RNC Site Selection Committee voted unanimously to recommend holding the convention in Charlotte. The Republican National Committee made the selection official on July 20.
Rally controversy[edit source | edit]
Following President Trump's rally in Greenville, North Carolina, the Charlotte City Council proposed retracting their bid to host the convention. All nine Democrats on the city council voted on a measure calling Trump a racist for his statement ("good people on both sides" of the statue debate). The city met in closed sessions with an attorney regarding their contract to host the convention. A conclusion was made that breaking the contract would likely end with the city being taken to court and forced to host the convention. A resolution was eventually approved by the Charlotte City Council.
Republicans opposed to Trump's presidency announced their intent to host a competing "Convention on founding principles" to occur at the same time as the RNC in Charlotte.
Relocation and reversal[edit source | edit]
On May 25, 2020, President Trump raised the possibility of moving the convention out of Charlotte after North Carolina Governor Roy Cooper stated that the convention would need to be scaled down due to the COVID-19 pandemic. After weeks of failed negotiations, on June 2, 2020, Governor Cooper rejected the plans submitted by the Republican Party to host a full-scale convention. President Trump announced via tweet stating “Because of [Cooper], we are now forced to seek another State to host the 2020 Republican National Convention”.
RNC officials stressed that the mechanics of the convention would still be held in Charlotte. "The RNC’s Executive Committee has voted unanimously to allow the official business of the national convention to continue in Charlotte. Many other cities are eager to host the president’s acceptance of the nomination, and we are currently in talks with several of them to host that celebration," said RNC Communications Director Michael Ahrens.
Republican National Committee officials reportedly considered cities including Atlanta, Dallas, Jacksonville, Nashville, New Orleans, Orlando, Phoenix, Savannah, and even visited some of these cities.
On June 11, the Republican National Committee confirmed that the main events and speeches of the convention would move to Jacksonville, Florida, including President Trump's nomination acceptance speech on August 27 at the VyStar Veterans Memorial Arena. However, the convention's official business will remain in Charlotte with a greatly reduced agenda and number of delegates. August 24 was to see a portion of the convention hosted in Charlotte, with the following three days of the convention being held in Jacksonville.
On July 16, the Jacksonville Republican National Convention Host Committee sent out a letter announcing that, in addition to the VyStar Veterans Memorial Arena, other venues in Jacksonville would be used, including TIAA Bank Field, Daily's Place, 121 Financial Park, and "several other" venues".
However, with the explosion of COVID cases peaking at above 15,000 cases per day in mid-July, the possibility of the Jacksonville convention being canceled as well began to be discussed. Several of the local health restrictions in Charlotte that had prompted the RNC to seek a different location—requirements for people to wear masks and practice social distancing—were later adopted by Jacksonville. Sen. Chuck Grassley, who is 86, said he would skip the RNC for the first time in 40 years due to the risk of COVID-19.
Convention committees, meetings before the Convention[edit source | edit]
The first day of the Convention, as mentioned above, will take place in Charlotte, NC, as the party is contractually obligated to conduct some of its convention business there. Only 300 delegates are to attend.
Committee on Rules and Order of Business[edit source | edit]
Platform Committee[edit source | edit]
The National committee voted just to republish the 2016 platform, including several unflattering references to the "current president" who four years earlier was Barack Obama. The decision was excoriated across the Republican party, including by President Trump.
Credentials Committee[edit source | edit]
Committee on Arrangements[edit source | edit]
Platform[edit source | edit]
Platform Committee debate and provisions[edit source | edit]
Adoption of the platform by convention[edit source | edit]
Format[edit source | edit]
- For further information, see 2020 Republican Party presidential primaries
Selection of pledged delegates[edit source | edit]
The base number of pledged delegates that are allocated to each of the 50 states is 10 at-large delegates, plus 3 district delegates for each congressional district. A fixed number of pledged delegates are allocated to Washington D.C. and each of the five U.S. territories. Bonus delegates are awarded to each state and territory based on whether it has elected (if applicable) through December 31, 2019 (after the 2019 "off-year" elections): a Republican governor, Republican majorities in either one or both chambers in its state legislature, one or two Republicans to the U.S. Senate, or a Republican majority in its delegation to the U.S. House of Representatives. A state is also awarded additional bonus delegates if it carried the Republican candidate, Trump, in the 2016 presidential election.
Pre-convention delegate count[edit source | edit]
The table below reflects the presumed delegate count as per the 2020 Republican primaries.
As of November 2019[update], the following estimated numbers of 2,440 available pledged delegates and 2,550 total delegates may change, as penalty/bonus delegates are awarded to each state and territory based on Republican gains and losses at both the Federal and state level through the 2019 "off-year" elections to the end of December 31, 2019.
|Candidate||Pledged delegates||Presumed "soft" count, including|
Several states have canceled their regular delegate selection methods in order to give them to the incumbent president.
Voting[edit source | edit]
Presidential and vice presidential balloting[edit source | edit]
According to party rules agreed to in July 2016, "a candidate has to win a majority of the vote in eight states to have his or her name placed into nomination at the convention." and votes for candidates who have either suspended their campaigns or withdrawn will not be counted.
See also[edit source | edit]
- 2020 Republican Party presidential primaries
- 2020 Democratic National Convention
- 2020 Libertarian National Convention
- 2020 Green National Convention
- 2020 Constitution Party National Convention
- 2020 United States presidential election
- Impact of the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic on politics
References[edit source | edit]
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- "Exclusive: Democrats postpone presidential convention until August 17". Politico. Retrieved April 2, 2020.
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- COLVIN, SETH BORENSTEIN, JILL. "President Donald Trump clinches the Republican Party presidential nomination". chicagotribune.com. Retrieved June 3, 2020.
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- Dyches, Chris; Ochsner, Nick (May 4, 2018). "Source: Charlotte named finalist to host GOP convention in 2020". WBTV. Retrieved May 4, 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
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- Bruno, Joe (July 19, 2018). "RNC IN CHARLOTTE: Republican leaders unanimously select Charlotte as site for RNC in 2020 pending final vote". WSOC. Retrieved November 6, 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Morrill, Jim (July 20, 2018). "GOP picks Charlotte for 2020 convention. Now, the fundraising and organizing begin". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved November 6, 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Harrison, Steve (July 23, 2019). "Charlotte, RNC Host, Condemns Trump's 'Racist Language'". WFAE 90.7. Retrieved August 30, 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Harrison, Steve (July 18, 2019). "After Greenville, City Council Members Grapple With Decision To Host Trump's Convention". WFAE 90.7. Retrieved August 30, 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
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- Greenwood, Max (June 4, 2020). "RNC to visit potential convention sites in coming days". TheHill. Retrieved June 12, 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Swan, Jonathan; Treene, Alayna (June 4, 2020). "Republican National Convention search expands across Sun Belt". Axios. Retrieved June 15, 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Linskey, Annie (June 11, 2020). Republicans announce Trump convention events will move to Jacksonville. The Washington Post. Retrieved June 11th, 2020.
- Samuels, Brett (June 11, 2020). "GOP moves main 2020 convention events, including Trump speech, to Jacksonville". TheHill. Retrieved June 12, 2020.
- Morrill, Jim; Funk, Tim; Murphy, Kate (June 11, 2020). "It's official. RNC convention will head to Jacksonville after 1 day in Charlotte". Charlotte Observer. Retrieved June 12, 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Bloch, Emily. "New RNC memo discloses multiple convention venues, restricted number of attendees". USA TODAY. Retrieved July 18, 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Solender, Andrew (June 29, 2020). "Trump Moved The Republican Convention From Charlotte To Avoid A Mask Mandate – Jacksonville Just Issued One". Forbes. Retrieved July 7, 2020.
- Moran, Lee (July 7, 2020). "GOP Sen. Chuck Grassley Bails On RNC 'Because Of The Virus Situation'". HuffPost. Retrieved July 7, 2020.
- "Trump cancels Republican convention as virus soars". BBC News. July 23, 2020. Retrieved July 23, 2020.
- Oprysko, Caitlin. "Trump cancels GOP convention events in Jacksonville". POLITICO. Retrieved July 23, 2020.
- "2020 Election Live Updates: In a Stark Reversal, Trump Says He's Canceling G.O.P. Convention in Jacksonville". The New York Times. July 23, 2020. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 23, 2020.
- "The Math Behind the Republican Delegate Allocation 2020". The Green Papers. Retrieved September 19, 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Republican Convention 2020". The Green Papers. Retrieved September 8, 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Isenstadt, Alex (September 6, 2019). "Republicans to scrap primaries and caucuses as Trump challengers cry foul". Politico. Retrieved July 21, 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Putnam, Josh (July 17, 2016). "How the Republican Party made it harder for convention delegates to vote against Trump". The Washington Post.
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