2020 Sudan floods

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2020 Sudan floods
Map of Sudan (New).jpg
Map of Sudan
DateSeptember 2020 (2020-09) – ongoing
Deaths~102 deaths and 46 injuries

In the 2020 Sudan floods, rain fell profusely and continuously in Sudan, as of early September 2020, which led to a devastating flood in at least 16 Sudanese states. The flood affected more than 500,000 people, destroyed more than 100,000 homes, and left at least 102 people dead.[1][2]

The flooding[edit source | edit]

The water level of the Nile River in Sudan rose and reached record levels, as floods entered homes and destroyed about 60,000 homes, and caused dozens of deaths.[3] The level of the Blue Nile reached more than 17 metres, breaking all records. And the floods caused by torrential monsoon rains, mostly outside the country, in neighbouring Ethiopia, raised the Nile River by 17.5 metres (57 ft) in late August, the highest level it has reached in nearly a century, according to the Sudanese Ministry of Irrigation.[4] For the first time in history, the Pyramids of Meroë were threatened by flooding.[5]

The rates of floods and rain exceeded the records set in 1946 and 1988.[1] Some experts, such as International Rivers, expect climate change to cause periodic bouts of drought and flooding in the future.[6]

Response[edit source | edit]

The Sudanese government led and coordinated the emergency response to the flood.[7] The National Flood Mission Forces of the Humanitarian Aid Committee began, and the Prime Minister, Abdalla Hamdok, confirmed that "the levels of the Nile and its tributaries this year, according to the Ministry of Irrigation and Water Resources, have been unprecedented since 1912." He also pointed out that this year's floods resulted in tragic and painful losses of life and property.

Emergency situation[edit source | edit]

The Sudanese Security and Defense Council declared a state of emergency throughout the country for a period of three months, and decided to consider Sudan a natural disaster area, and to form a supreme committee to prevent and address the effects of torrents and floods,[8] which killed about 100 people and flooded more than 100 thousand homes since late July.

The floodwaters might overrun and flood an ancient archaeological site in the country. Teams have organized sandbag walls and are pumping water out of the area in order to avoid damage to the ruins of Al-Bajrawiya, formerly an ancient city of the two-thousand-year-old Meroitic empire and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Previous floods have never affected the site before.[9]

The floods have thus far affected more than half-a-million people and damaged more than 100,000 homes in at least 16 states across the country. This left thousands of people homeless. Tents have been put up to accommodate the displaced in Sudan's capital, Khartoum.[10]

See also[edit source | edit]

References[edit source | edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Slawson, Nicola (5 September 2020). "Sudan declares state of emergency as record flooding kills 99 people" – via The Guardian.
  2. Staff, Reuters (8 September 2020). "Record floods threaten pyramid sites in Sudan" – via af.reuters.com.
  3. "Sudan – Torrential Rains Flood Khartoum". FloodList. Retrieved 9 September 2020.
  4. "Sudan: Dozens dead, thousands of homes destroyed by floods". Al Jazeera English.
  5. "Sudan floods: Nile water level threatens ancient pyramids". news.yahoo.com. BBC. Retrieved 8 September 2020.
  6. Ketz, Sammy. "Highest Nile waters for a century swamp Sudan". news.yahoo.com. AFP. Retrieved 4 September 2020.
  7. "UN agencies support flood response in Sudan but warn aid stocks 'rapidly' depleting". UN News. 1 September 2020.
  8. "Heavy rains and flash floods in Sudan - IFRC". www.ifrc.org.
  9. "Sudan floods threaten ancient archaeological site, experts say". Al Jazeera. 8 September 2020.
  10. "'We lost everything': Thousands homeless as Sudan battles floods". Al Jazeera. 9 September 2020.

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