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2020 Tanzanian general election

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2020 Tanzanian general election

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Template:Politics of Tanzania

General elections will be held in Tanzania on 25 October 2020 to elect the President and National Assembly.[1]

Background[edit source | edit]

In April 2019, Livingstone Lusinde, an MP for the ruling Chama Cha Mapinduzi party, suggested that holding a presidential election in 2020 was not a good idea due to the cost, and that the money should be used for development projects.[2] The proposal was made in order to keep president John Magufuli in the office till 2025.[3]

Opposition parties Chadema, Alliance for Change and Transparency, and NCCR-Mageuzi announced they had started negotiations to form an alliance ahead of the election.[4]

Electoral system[edit source | edit]

The president is elected by plurality voting; the candidate who receives the most votes is elected. Article 39(1) of the 1977 Constitution requires candidates to be Tanzanian citizens by birth, at least 40 years old, be nominated by a political party of which they are a member, be qualified to be an MP or a member of the Zanzibar House of Representatives, and not have any convictions related to tax evasion.[5]

Presidential candidates[edit source | edit]

CCM[edit source | edit]

The ruling CCM (and its predecessor parties) has dominated the political scene since the nation attained independence in 1961. Following the restoration of multi-party politics in 1992, it has retained its popularity and the voters' confidence, winning all of the past five general elections (held in 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010, 2015).[6] The previous election was won by Dr. John Magufuli, who will be running for a re-election for his second term.[7]

Opposition[edit source | edit]

Voters[edit source | edit]

According to the electoral body, more than thirty million voters had updated their information in the voter registry in between July 2019 and February 2020.

References[edit source | edit]

  1. Tanzania: Opposition cries foul over attacks on leaders as election looms
  2. "Tanzania: Mtera MP proposes presidential election to be skipped in 2020 polls". The Citizen. 8 April 2019.
  3. "No one can defeat Magufuli, so no need for 2020 elections: Tanzania MP". Africa News. 4 September 2019.
  4. https://www.thecitizen.co.tz/news/ACT-Wazalendo--Chadema-hint-at-a-possible-coalition/1840340-5572934-wws5xr/index.html
  5. "Constitution of Tanzania" (PDF). Judiciary of Tanzania. 1977. Article 39(1). Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 December 2010. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
  6. O'Gorman, Melanie (2012-04-01). "Why the CCM won't lose: the roots of single-party dominance in Tanzania". Journal of Contemporary African Studies. 30 (2): 313–333. doi:10.1080/02589001.2012.669566. ISSN 0258-9001.
  7. Kwayu, Aikande Clement; Paget, Dan. "COVID-19 is casting Magufuli in the worst light, in an election year". The Conversation. Retrieved 2020-06-14.
  8. https://www.theeastafrican.co.ke/news/ea/Tanzania-parties-nominations-ahead-October-General-Election/4552908-5571900-1472xp1z/index.html

Template:Tanzania-election-stub Template:Tanzanian elections

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