2021 Ecuadorian general election
General elections are scheduled to be held in Ecuador on 7 February 2021. Incumbent president Lenín Moreno, who has held the office since his victory over Guillermo Lasso in 2017, is not seeking reelection. The National Electoral Council (CNE) has established the date for the first round of the presidential election as 7 February, at which time there will also be a vote about mining in Cuenca. Francis Fukuyama described 2020 as having brought "mostly bad news regarding the state of global democracy" in a Wall Street Journal article on December 15 of the same year, specifically citing Ecuador as an example of "severe crises of authority" due to the economic recession triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic.
While the issue of potential delay in the election was raised, on 15 December 2020, the CNE clarified that there would not be a shift in the electoral calendar, and confirmed that the elections would take place in February 2021.
Background[edit source | edit]
The previous Ecuadorian general election, on 19 February 2017 (alongside a referendum on tax havens) saw voters elect a new president and National Assembly. Incumbent President Rafael Correa, of the PAIS Alliance, had already served two terms and was ineligible for reelection. In the first round of presidential elections, PAIS Alliance candidate Lenín Moreno received 39% of the vote. Although he was more than 10% ahead of his nearest rival, Guillermo Lasso of the Creating Opportunities party, he was short of the 40% threshold required to avoid a run-off, and a second round was held on 2 April. In the second round Moreno was elected president with 51.16% of the vote; the National Electoral Council announced on 13 April that it would recount all ballots contested by both parties (accounting to about 10% of the total vote), after which Moreno was awarded an additional 1,594 votes and retained his majority.
Electoral system[edit source | edit]
The president will be elected using a modified two-round system, with a candidate required to get over 50% of the vote, or get over 40% of the vote and be 10% ahead of their nearest rival to be elected in the first round. The president is limited to two consecutive four-year terms.
Members of the National Assembly are elected by three methods. Fifteen are elected by closed list proportional representation in a nationwide constituency. Six are elected by overseas voters (two each from Canada/United States, Latin America and Asia/Europe/Oceania). The remaining 116 members are elected from multi-member constituencies by closed list proportional representation, with all seats allocated using the Webster method. Members of the National Assembly are limited to two four-year terms, either consecutive or not. There are gender quotas for the party lists, meaning there is alternation between men and women. There are no quotas for minority representation.
Presidential candidates[edit source | edit]
On 18 August 2020, the political coalition Unión por la Esperanza (UNES), comprising the Centro Democrático and Fuerza Compromiso Social parties, announced that its presidential candidate would be Andrés Arauz, an economist, former Minister of Knowledge and Human Talent (from 2015 to 2017), and "largely unknown" political figure. Arauz's running mate was to be Rafael Correa, former president of Ecuador from 2007 to 2017; However, Correa's acceptance of the vice presidential position on the ticket was rejected by Ecuador's National Electoral Council (CNE), as Correa had been convicted for corruption.
Pedro Freile Vallejo is the candidate from the AMIGO Movement party, with vice president Byron Solís Figueroa, who accepted his nomination on August 24.
On 8 October María Sara Jijón announced her candidacy as vice president, on the Izquierda Democrática ticket, with the independent presidential candidate Xavier Hervas Mora.
On 16 October Carlos Sagnay de la Bastida became the candidate for Partido Fuerza Ec.
The Unión Ecuatoriana candidate is Giovanny Andrade Salvador, whose running mate is Katherine Mata.
Democracia Sí advanced Gustavo Larrea Cabrera as its presidential candidate, with Alexandra Peralta Marín as vice-presidential candidate.
Alianza CREO-PSC, a coalition of the Movimiento CREO and Partido Social Cristiano parties, advanced Guillermo Lasso Mendoza as its candidate, with Alfredo Borrero Vega as vice-presidential candidate.
Partido SUMA's candidate is Guillermo Celi Santos, with running mate Verónica Sevilla Ledergerber.
Movimiento Construye's candidate is Juan Fernando Velasco Torres, with running mate Ana María Pesántes Salazar.
Juntos Podemos nominated Paul Carrasco Carpio, with vice presidential nominae Frank Vargas Anda.
Alianza PAIS nominated Ximena Peña Pacheco, with running mate Patricio Barriga Jaramillo.
References[edit source | edit]
- "Cuenca, Ecuador anti-mining vote in February 2021". Mining Journal. 7 December 2020. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
- "Ecuador's trial of the century opens". The Economist. 6 February 2020. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
- Fukuyama, Francis (15 December 2020). "Francis Fukuyama on the State of Democracy in 2020 and Beyond". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
- "La fecha de las elecciones presidenciales podría retrasarse". Expreso. 15 December 2020. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
- "El CNE aclara que no se cambiará la fecha de votaciones presidenciales". Expreso. 15 December 2020. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
- Referendum on tax havens will be conducted in the elections of 2017 Archived 24 December 2016 at the Wayback Machine Ecuador Times, 22 November 2016
- Ecuador will hold run-off poll to choose new president BBC News, 23 February 2017
- CNE plenary presented total results of the second round of elections CNE, 10 April 2017
- El Pleno del CNE proclamó a Lenín Moreno presidente electo de Ecuador El Comercio, 18 April 2017
- "Ecuador presidential election: 10% of votes to be recounted". Associated Press. 14 April 2017. Retrieved 24 June 2017 – via The Guardian.
- "Ecuador Vote Recount Confirms Moreno as Next President". US News and World Report. 19 April 2017. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
- Ecuador Election Guide Archived 24 December 2016 at the Wayback Machine IFES
- Ecuador Political Database of the Americas
- "La Asamblea aprobó reformas al Código de la Democracia". El Comercio. Retrieved 15 January 2021.
- "Electores no podrán votar por candidatos de distintas listas". El Comercio. Retrieved 15 January 2021.
- Martinez, Juan (21 August 2020). "Ecuador: Andrés Arauz and Rafael Correa to Run in 2021 Presidential Elections". The Rio Times. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
- España, Sara (18 August 2020). "Rafael Correa confirma su candidatura a la vicepresidencia de Ecuador en 2021". EL PAÍS (in Spanish). Retrieved 5 December 2020.
- "Ecuador's Former President Convicted on Corruption Charges". The New York Times. 1 September 2020. Retrieved 5 December 2020.
- "Martha Villafuerte será compañera de fórmula del pastor evangélico Gerson Almeida por Ecuatoriano Unido para elecciones del 2021". El Universo. 22 August 2020. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
- "Byron Solís es candidato a vicepresidente por el movimiento AMIGO". GK. 7 October 2020. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
- "Isidro Romero acepta su precandidatura por Avanza". www.expreso.ec.
- "Isidro Romero ofrece 'desinfectar la política' y abrió la puerta para sellar alianzas con Avanza". El Comercio.
- "María Sara Jijón aspira a ser Vicepresidenta de la República por la Izquierda Democrática". GK. 8 October 2020. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
- "FE reemplaza a Miguel Salem y Gustavo Bucaram por Carlos Sagnay y Narda Ortiz en binomio presidencial". El Universo. 16 October 2020. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
- "Lucio Gutiérrez, tras su propia revancha: regresar a Carondelet". El Universo. 17 November 2020. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
- Imbaquingo, Jorge R. (16 November 2020). "César Montúfar: 'El país tiene que entrar en una lógica política diferente'". El Comercio. Retrieved 27 December 2020.
- "Katherine Mata es candidata a la vicepresidencia por el movimiento Unión Ecuatoriana". GK. 12 October 2020. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
El 3 de octubre de 2020, inscribió su candidatura a la vicepresidencia de la república ante CNE. Lo hizo junto a Giovanny Andrade -candidato a la presidencia- por el movimiento Unión Ecuatoriana.
- "En su plan de gobierno, Yaku Pérez plantea que la salud y la educación sean la base de la reorganización productiva". El Universo. 16 November 2020. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
- "Alexandra Peralta será la candidata a vicepresidenta por el movimiento Democracia Sí". GK. 7 October 2020. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
Alexandra Peralta Marín es la candidata a la vicepresidencia por el movimiento Democracia Sí. Perata fue viceministra de Agricultura, Ganadería, Acuacultura y Pesca durante siete meses en 2018 y 2019. Es economista especializada en proyectos agrícolas y agroindustriales. En las elecciones de 2021 será el binomio de Gustavo Larrea, candidato a la presidencia del movimiento.
- "Alfredo Borrero es el binomio de Guillermo Lasso". La Republica. 11 August 2020. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
El director de Salvar Vidas, Alfredo Borrero Vega, ha aceptado la candidatura de la Vicepresidencia de la República, en binomio con Guillermo Lasso, según ha conocido este sitio de fuentes no oficiales pero muy cercanas al movimiento CREO.
- "PSC y Creo sellan acuerdo para apoyar candidatura de Guillermo Lasso". Primicias. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
- "Verónica Sevilla, empresaria y ex Miss Ecuador aspira a la Vicepresidencia de la República". GK. 7 October 2020. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
- Flores, Gabriel (28 September 2020). "Juan Fernando Velasco renuncia como ministro para seguir con so campaña presidencial". El Comercio. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
- "Frank Vargas Anda, candidato a la vicepresidencia por el movimiento Juntos Podemos". GK. 12 October 2020. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
- "Candidata Ximena Peña (AP) dice que renegociará con el FMI". El Comercio. 22 October 2020. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
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