2021 Kosovan parliamentary election
All 120 seats in the Assembly
61 seats needed for a majority
Legislative elections are scheduled to be held in Kosovo on 14 February 2021.
Background[edit source | edit]
The October 2019 parliamentary elections saw opposition party Vetëvendosje emerge as the largest faction in parliament, finishing just ahead of the Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK). The two parties formed a new government on 3 February 2020, with Vetëvendosje leader Albin Kurti as the Prime Minister. Kurti was elected Prime Minister with 66 votes and ten abstentions. The 34 opposition MPs boycotted the vote and left the Assembly building.
However, the coalition soon collapsed as the LDK filed a no-confidence motion on 25 March 2020 due to disagreements over how to handle the coronavirus pandemic, in which 82 members of the Assembly voted in favor of the motion. This was the first time a Kosovan government had fallen in such a manner. The Kurti cabinet continued in office as a caretaker government until 3 June 2020, when LDK leader Avdullah Hoti was elected Prime Minister by a vote of 61–24, with one abstention. Hoti's eligibility to be Prime Minister had been questioned by Kurti and Vetëvendosje on the grounds that a party cannot form a government without the party that won the most seats in the election. However, on 28 May, the Constitutional Court confirmed the LDK had the right to form a government without fresh elections. After the party that won the elections failed again to form a new government, the Court argued that Avdullah Hoti was eligible to proceed to be voted on by the Parliament as the new PM of the Republic of Kosovo.
On 21 December the Constitutional Court ruled that the vote of Etem Arifi of the minority Ashkali Party for Integration in favour of Hoti was invalid (as Arifi had been convicted of fraud) and consequently the government had not received the support of the majority of the Assembly. As a result, fresh elections were called, with the Hoti government continuing as a caretaker government.
Electoral system[edit source | edit]
An electoral threshold of 5% is in place for non-minority parties. To form a government, a party must have a majority of 61 votes out of 120 seats.
Opinion polls[edit source | edit]
|KOZMO||26–30 January 2021||53.6||16.0||17.4||7.2||[nb 1]||3.6||–||37.6||3.2|
|PIPOS||29 January 2021||43.8||17.2||21.1||7.0||[nb 1]||2.9||1.0||22.7||7.2|
|PIPOS||22 January 2021||44.2||17.35||20.4||7.15||[nb 1]||3.1||0.6||23.8||7.2|
|T7 & GE||22 January 2021||50.83||15.97||16.94||6.98||[nb 1]||2.95||–||33.89||–|
|Riinvest Analytics||11–17 January 2021||54.1||10.3||14.9||6.4||5.0||1.4||4.4||39.2||3.5|
|PIPOS||15 January 2021||41.6||3.0||16.3||20.1||7.5||[nb 1]||1.5||1.7||21.5||5.2|
|PIPOS||7 January 2021||41.4||3.2||15.7||20.8||8.6||[nb 1]||2.0||2.1||20.6||6.5|
|UBO Consulting||23 December 2020||46.2||–||14.9||16.0||7.0||2.5||3.5||1.0||30.2||1.9|
|2019 election||6 October 2019||26.2||24.5||21.2||11.5||6.4||5.0||5.0||1.7||–|
- Survey processed Albanian settlements only.
References[edit source | edit]
- Kosovo's highest court rules parliamentary vote electing government was illegal Reuters, 21 December 2020
- Kosovo IFES
Visibility[edit source | edit]
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