2021 Ugandan general election
General elections will be held in Uganda on 14 January 2021 to elect the President and the Parliament. Incumbent President Yoweri Museveni, who has ruled the country since 1986, is seeking re-election.
Electoral system[edit source | edit]
The President of Uganda is elected using the two-round system, with candidates needing to receive at least 50% of the vote to be elected in the first round. Chapter 142 of the Presidential Elections Act of 2000 stipulates that presidential candidates must be a citizen of Uganda by birth and be qualified to be an MP. Candidates are also required to be of sound mind and have no formal connection with the Electoral Commission of Uganda. Term limits were abolished in 2005. The elections are supervised by the Electoral Commission of Uganda.
Presidential candidates[edit source | edit]
Eleven candidates were registered to contest the election.
- Yoweri Museveni, National Resistance Movement
- Bobi Wine, National Unity Platform
- John Katumba, Independent
- Willy Mayambala, Independent
- Fred Mwesigye, Independent
- Henry Tumukunde, Independent
- Joseph Kabuleta, Independent
- Nancy Kalembe, Independent
- Patrick Oboi Amuriat, Forum for Democratic Change
- Mugisha Muntu, Alliance for National Transformation
- Norbert Mao, Democratic Party
Campaign[edit source | edit]
Campaigning was stopped in Mbarara, Kabarole, Luwero, Kasese, Masaka, Wakiso, Jinja, Kalungu, Kazo, Kampala City and Tororo on 26 December 2020. The government said it was to prevent spread of the COVID-19 pandemic, but critics said it was because of the popularity of the opposition in those areas. Crowds had previously been limited to 200 people.
Conduct[edit source | edit]
The European Union says it will not deploy observers (EOM—election observer mission) because previous recommendations have been ignored.
Arrest of Bobi Wine[edit source | edit]
On 18 November 2020, opposition candidate Bobi Wine was arrested for allegedly violating COVID-19 protocols during his presidential campaign. The National Unity Platform claimed that the continued arrests of its members was intended to stifle their ability to campaign rather than to follow COVID protocols. Supporters of Wine took to the streets of Kampala, clashing with security forces. This led to violent protests in which 37 people died and more than 500 were injured.
Wine was arrested again on 30 December on Kalangala Island, where a rally he was holding was cut short by police. Police broke up the rally using tear gas and Wine was put under house arrest at his home in Kampala. During his campaign, several aides, bodyguards and members of his entourage have been arrested, jailed and killed.
References[edit source | edit]
- "Uganda to hold elections in early 2021, campaign rallies banned". Reuters. Retrieved 2020-09-18.
- Biryabarema, Elias (2020-07-21). "Uganda's Museveni seeks re-election to extend rule to four decades". Reuters. Retrieved 2020-09-18.
- "Presidential Electons Act 2000 | Uganda Legal Information Institute". ulii.org. Retrieved 2020-09-18.
- Goitom, Hanibal (2012-04-25). "Uganda: Proposal to Re-Introduce Presidential Term Limits | Global Legal Monitor". www.loc.gov. Retrieved 2020-09-18.
- "IFES Election Guide | Elections: Uganda President 2016". www.electionguide.org. Retrieved 2020-09-18.
- Presidential elections 2020/2021 Electoral Commission
- "Uganda halts campaigning for January 14 vote in several districts". aljazeera.com. Al Jazeera English. December 26, 2020. Retrieved December 26, 2020.
- Biryabarema, Elias (November 16, 2020). "EU says won't monitor Uganda election, limiting poll's international scrutiny". Yahoo! News. Reuters. Retrieved November 16, 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Athumani, Halima; Wroughton, Lesley. "37 dead in Uganda protests after arrest of presidential candidate Bobi Wine". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2021-01-10.
- Ntale, Samson. "Protests after the arrest of Bobi Wine, Ugandan presidential candidate". CNN. Retrieved 2021-01-10.
- "Uganda police arrest Bobi Wine, tear gas supporters". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 2021-01-10.
- Akinwotu, Emmanuel (2021-01-07). "Bobi Wine confronted by Ugandan police during appeal for ICC inquiry". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2021-01-10.
- "Uganda's Bobi Wine says his bodyguard was 'deliberately' run over and killed". CNN. Retrieved 2021-01-10.
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