31st anniversary of the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests

From Wikiafripedia, the free encyclopedia that you can monetize your contributions or browse at zero-rating.
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Template:Infobox historical event The 31st anniversary of Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 was principally events that occurred in China and elsewhere on and leading up to 4 June 2020 – to commemorate the Tiananmen Square massacre, in which thousands of people are widely believed to have been killed.

Background[edit source | edit]

Since 1989, Hong Kong has been the only place on Chinese soil where the Tiananmen Square massacre is publicly commemorated.[1][2] The 31st anniversary is set against the world-wide Covid-19 pandemic and intense political conflict and civil unrest since June 2019.[3][4] Furthermore, the National People's Congress voted to impose a national security law on Hong Kong which would outlaw subversion and has cemented fears that the concept of "one country, two systems" – which buffers Hong Kong from mainland China – was being seriously undermined.[5][2]

In 2020, the Hong Kong government invoked Prevention and Control of Disease Ordinance, imposing a 4-person limit for public gatherings,[6] and many observers believe that the coronavirus pandemic provided cover for an increase of arrests related to the protests.[7][1]

Mainland China[edit source | edit]

Tiananmen Square in Beijing was reportedly empty and quiet on the day. Pedestrians' ID were checked at security checkpoints upon entry to the square, and nationwide mass surveillance was tightened to prevent any commemoration of the event. Human rights groups reported that, as in recent years, dissidents were sent away or placed under house arrest and their communications cut off.[8]

Hong Kong[edit source | edit]

Following the emergence of three cases of local transmission, the government extended its coronavirus social distancing measures by 14 days, to 4 June, affecting the annual Tiananmen Square massacre vigil in Victoria Park. The government denied suggestions that the extension was aimed at interfering with the commemoration, saying the decision was made in accordance with its extension policy.[9][10] Whilst announcing that it would relax restrictions on religious gatherings and that high school students would restart school the next Wednesday (3 June), the Hong Kong government decreed that public gatherings of more than eight people would remain prohibited.

Concerned that the vigil will not be permitted, Lee Cheuk-yan, chairman of the Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Patriotic Democratic Movements of China which organises the annual vigil pointed to the contradiction between a possible ban and a relaxation of health measures. He accused the government of political interference. He invited Hongkongers to "blossom everywhere" and turn the vigil into a tribute across the entire city.[11] Finally, after the police issued a letter of objection to the organisers, citing health restrictions on gatherings of more than eight people. The Alliance announced that, in the absence of an official vigil, 60 booths would be set up across the city on 4 June to distribute candles starting in the afternoon. Lee said that members would still be allowed to enter Victoria Park that night, but called on the public to light candles across the city and join an online gathering.[12][13]

In response to the government ban, the memorial activities have become more diffuse throughout Hong Kong.[14] The HKASPDMC organised a long-distance running event on the preceding Sunday starting at 8.45 am, with Victoria Park as the end point; participants ran in groups of eight.[15] Literary groups PEN Hong Kong and Cha: An Asian Literary Journal held English-language book readings on 3 June "To honour the struggle of the democracy protesters, mourn their defeat, and take stock of the last three decades and more"; citizens organised commemorations of the massacre in districts throughout Hong Kong.[14]

After issuing a letter of objection to the organisers, the police announced that some 3,000 riot police would be deployed to enforce the ban.[16] Notwithstanding, tens of thousands gathered at Victoria Park to attend the vigil, afraid that time was running out on the anniversary in Hong Kong.[2][17][8] While no violence was reported in or around Victoria Park, scuffles were reported in Mong Kok where hundreds had gathered. As part of the continuing civil unrest, protesters who blocked roads with various objects were met with police officers who used pepper spray to disperse them.[5]

On the day of the aniversary, the Legislative Council of Hong Kong passed a bill to outlaw the insulting the Chinese national anthem, where those convicted of intentionally abusing it could face up to three years in prison and a fine of HK$50,000 ($6,450). The bill was supported by 41 lawmakers, all from pro-Beijing factions, and just one legislator opposed. Most of the pro-democracy lawmakers boycotted the vote in protest.[18]

Macau[edit source | edit]

In Macau, where anniversary is remembered in a considerably more low key manner, the government revoked permission to hold an annual photographic exhibition themed on the massacre in 1989, on the pretext of "standardisation of use of public spaces", to the criticism of democracy advocates.[19]

References[edit source | edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Davidson, Helen (21 May 2020). "Hongkongers urged to find their own way to mark Tiananmen". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 22 May 2020. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-52920083
  3. "Fears over Hong Kong-China extradition plans". BBC. 8 April 2019. Archived from the original on 14 June 2019. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
  4. "Suspension of Hong Kong extradition bill is embarrassing to pro-establishment allies and could cost them at election time, camp insiders reveal". South China Morning Post. 16 June 2019. Archived from the original on 19 June 2019. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Police pepper spray Hong Kongers defying ban to mark Tiananmen". bdnews24.com. Reuters.
  6. "What are the dos, don'ts and challenges of Hong Kong's new social distancing measures?". South China Morning Post. 2 April 2020. Archived from the original on 22 April 2020. Retrieved 22 May 2020.
  7. Dapiran, Antony (22 April 2020). "The Pandemic Is Cover for a Crackdown in Hong Kong". Foreign Policy. Archived from the original on 3 May 2020. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Hong Kong marks Tiananmen anniversary, defying a police ban". San Francisco Chronicle. 4 June 2020.
  9. "Hong Kong blocks Tiananmen Square vigil with gathering ban". The Guardian. 19 May 2020. Archived from the original on 22 May 2020. Retrieved 22 May 2020.
  10. Ho, Kelly; Creery, Jennifer (19 May 2020). "Coronavirus: Hong Kong extends social distancing rules to June 4, threatening annual Tiananmen Massacre vigil". Hong Kong Free Press. Archived from the original on 23 May 2020. Retrieved 22 May 2020.
  11. Ho, Kelly (21 May 2020). "Annual Hong Kong Tiananmen massacre vigil to become city-wide tribute amid Covid-19, as museum reopens". Hong Kong Free Press. Archived from the original on 22 May 2020. Retrieved 22 May 2020.
  12. Griffiths, James (1 June 2020). "For the first time in 30 years, Hong Kong will not hold a mass vigil commemorating the Tiananmen square massacre". CNN. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  13. Chung, Kimmy (1 June 2020). "Hong Kong police cite Covid-19 threat in banning Tiananmen Square vigil". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  14. 14.0 14.1 "HKFP guide to Hong Kong's Tiananmen Massacre commemorations, as police ban annual vigil". Hong Kong Free Press. 3 June 2020.
  15. "Organizers refuse to back down despite June 4 commemorations are banned". Apple Daily (in Chinese).
  16. "Thousands of Hong Kong police officers mobilised for banned Tiananmen vigils". South China Morning Post. 3 June 2020.
  17. Xinqi, Su; AM, Yan Zhao 06/04/20 AT 10:03 (4 June 2020). "Hong Kong Protesters Defy Ban, Rally To Remember Tiananmen". International Business Times.
  18. "On Tiananmen anniversary, Hong Kong bans insults to anthem". Houston Chronicle. 4 June 2020.
  19. Hernández, Javier C.; Ramzy, Austin; May, Tiffany (4 June 2020). "Defying Beijing, Thousands in Hong Kong Hold Tiananmen Vigil". The New York Times.

Template:1989 Tiananmen protests

Visibility[edit source | edit]

This page has been added to search engine indexes. learn more

Visibility[edit source | edit]

This page has been added to search engine indexes. learn more

Visibility[edit source | edit]

This page has been added to search engine indexes. learn more