8th G7 summit
|8th G7 summit|
Palace of Versailles, the venue of the 8th G7 summit
|Dates||June 4–6, 1982|
|Follows||7th G7 summit|
|Precedes||9th G7 summit|
The Group of Seven (G7) is an unofficial forum which brings together the heads of the richest industrialized countries: France, West Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada (since 1976) and the President of the European Commission (starting officially in 1981). The summits were not meant to be linked formally with wider international institutions; and in fact, a mild rebellion against the stiff formality of other international meetings was a part of the genesis of cooperation between France's President Giscard d'Estaing and West Germany's Chancellor Helmut Schmidt as they conceived the first Group of Six (G6) summit in 1975.
Leaders at the summit[edit source | edit]
The G7 is an unofficial annual forum for the leaders of Canada, the European Commission, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Participants[edit source | edit]
|Core G7 members|
Host state and leader are shown in bold text.
|Canada||Pierre Trudeau||Prime Minister|
|West Germany||Helmut Schmidt||Chancellor|
|Italy||Giovanni Spadolini||Prime Minister|
|Japan||Zenkō Suzuki||Prime Minister|
|United Kingdom||Margaret Thatcher||Prime Minister|
|United States||Ronald Reagan||President|
|European Community||Gaston Thorn||President of the Commission|
|Wilfried Martens||President of the Council|
Issues[edit source | edit]
The summit was intended as a venue for resolving differences among its members. As a practical matter, the summit was also conceived as an opportunity for its members to give each other mutual encouragement in the face of difficult economic decisions.
Gallery[edit source | edit]
See also[edit source | edit]
Notes[edit source | edit]
- Japan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA): Summit Meetings in the Past.
- Saunders, Doug. "Weight of the world too heavy for G8 shoulders," Archived 2009-04-29 at WebCite Globe and Mail (Toronto). July 5, 2008 -- n.b., the G7 becomes the Group of Eight (G8) with the inclusion of Russia starting in 1997.
- Reuters: "Factbox: The Group of Eight: what is it?", July 3, 2008.
- Reinalda, Bob and Bertjan Verbeek. (1998). Autonomous Policy Making by International Organizations, p. 205.
- Rieffel, Lex. "Regional Voices in Global Governance: Looking to 2010 (Part IV)," Archived June 3, 2010, at the Wayback Machine Brookings. March 27, 2009; "core" members (Muskoka 2010 G-8, official site). Archived June 3, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
- MOFA: Summit (8); European Union: "EU and the G8" Archived February 26, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- Lua error in ...ribunto/includes/engines/LuaCommon/lualib/mwInit.lua at line 23: bad argument #1 to 'old_ipairs' (table expected, got nil).
References[edit source | edit]
- Bayne, Nicholas and Robert D. Putnam. (2000). Hanging in There: The G7 and G8 Summit in Maturity and Renewal. Aldershot, Hampshire, England: Ashgate Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7546-1185-1; OCLC 43186692
- Reinalda, Bob and Bertjan Verbeek. (1998). Autonomous Policy Making by International Organizations. London: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-16486-3; ISBN 978-0-203-45085-7; OCLC 39013643
[edit source | edit]
- No official website is created for any G7 summit prior to 1995 -- see the 21st G7 summit.
- University of Toronto: G8 Research Group, G8 Information Centre