Alliance for Affordable Internet

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Alliance for Affordable Internet (A4AI)
TypeCommunications
IndustryCommunication Industry
Area served
Communication and Internet Services
Key people
Sonia Jorge (Executive Director), Kojo Boakye (Policy Manager)
Websitea4ai.org

The Alliance for Affordable Internet (A4AI) is an initiative to make the Internet more affordable to people around the world. The World Wide Web Foundation serves as the Secretariat, and major members of coalition include Google, the Omidyar Network, the Department for International Development, USAID, Facebook, Cisco, Intel, Microsoft, UN Women and many others from the public, private and civil society sectors.[1][2]

History[edit source | edit]

Purpose[edit source | edit]

A4AI was created with the goal of obtaining global broadband internet access priced at less than 5% of average per capita income globally; the target of the UN Broadband Commission. It cites the lack of investment in infrastructure, competition in the market, and inefficient taxation, amongst other policy and regulatory obstacles, as being major constraints to reducing prices.

It claims the internet as being an essential source of information and services for all and advocates an open, competitive broadband and telecommunications market, regulated by an independent agency. Particular attention is paid to internet freedom and the rights of online expression.[3]

It works closely with governments and local stakeholders in Africa, Asia, and Latin America on policy and regulatory reform through a combination of advocacy, research and knowledge-sharing activities.[1]

Launch[edit source | edit]

The initiative was officially launched on October 7, 2013, at the "Commonwealth Telecommunications Organisation Forum" in Abuja, Nigeria.[4] The launch was covered by many news sources.[5][6][7][8]

Reception[edit source | edit]

A4AI was briefly discussed in relation to Internet.org, a Facebook-led initiative for Internet accessibility, by David Talbot in an article for Technology Review.[9]

1 for 2 target[edit source | edit]

The A4AI has also coined the term "affordability threshold" in its "1 for 2 target". It considers the affordability threshold to be at 1GB of mobile broadband data data priced at 2% or less of average monthly income.[10][11] The UN Broadband Commission has adopted the “1 for 2” target as the new standard for affordable internet.[12]

Criticism[edit source | edit]

Michael Gurstein wrote a critical article about A4AI in which he raised concern that the organisation was more about encouraging Less Developed Countries (LDCs) to adopt neoliberal policies than actually getting "affordable access". Quoting their documentation, he says that they advocate a set of "guiding principles" for adoption as policy and regulatory practice by the LDCs. These, he argues, all rest on neoliberal assumptions, rather than allowing them to be tested alongside other ways of looking at things. Whilst these guidelines include an evidence based approach, Gurstein argues that if all the research is carried out on neoliberal assumptions the results will be highly pre-determined by the input principles. He raises concern that this approach will allow for private companies to exploit making developments in the more readily reliable markets of the urban environment, while extending such services to less viable rural markets will be left to inadequately funded public initiatives. He further points to the championing of the use of Universal Service Fund facilities, a structure promoted by the World Bank which often attract million or even billion dollar budgets but where control is retained by private service providers and which often do not match local needs. This leads to his claim that a major priority for A4AI is that LDC governments adopt neoliberal policies as outlined in their guiding principles.[13]

See also[edit source | edit]

References[edit source | edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Vision and Strategy". Alliance for Affordable Internet. Archived from the original on 2014-01-08. Retrieved January 8, 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. "Members". Alliance for Affordable Internet. Retrieved January 8, 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. Spore. "Internet access for all: Interview with Sonia Jorge, Executive Director of A4AI" (PDF). CTA. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-10-23. Retrieved 27 March 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. "Joining forces to adPigeon JOY Unlimited 1.8DX 1.8 L Rice Cookerfthhhvocate for a more affordable Internet". Google.org. October 7, 2013. Retrieved January 8, 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. Vaughan-Nichols, Steven J. (October 7, 2013). "Internet for all: Alliance for Affordable Internet founded". ZDNet. Retrieved January 8, 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. Ferenstein, Gregory (October 7, 2013). "The Internet Costs 30% Of Monthly Wages In Some Nations. Google Wants To Help". TechCrunch. Retrieved January 8, 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. "The Alliance For Affordable Internet". Huffington Post. October 7, 2013. Retrieved January 8, 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  8. "Google, Facebook Back Effort to Make Internet Affordable for All". Mashable. October 7, 2013. Retrieved January 8, 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  9. Talbot, David (December 17, 2013). "Facebook's Two Faces". Technology Review. Retrieved January 8, 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  10. Affordability report 2018
  11. Affordable internet is 1 for 2
  12. UN broadband commission adopts new target
  13. Gurstein, Michael. "A4AI: Who Could Oppose a More Affordable Internet? The Alliance for an Affordable Internet (A4AI) and the Neo-liberal Stealth Campaign to Control the Internet Throughout the Developing World and Make Big Bucks for the Private Sector While Doing So". Gurstein's Community Informatics. Michael Gurstein. Retrieved 21 March 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

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