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Location of Anshun City jurisdiction in Guizhou
Location of Anshun City jurisdiction in Guizhou
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Coordinates (Anshun municipal government): 26°15′11″N 105°56′51″E / 26.2531°N 105.9476°E / 26.2531; 105.9476Coordinates: 26°15′11″N 105°56′51″E / 26.2531°N 105.9476°E / 26.2531; 105.9476
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Municipal seatXixiu District
 • Prefecture-level city9,269 km2 (3,579 sq mi)
 • Urban
1,724.24 km2 (665.73 sq mi)
 • Metro
1,724.24 km2 (665.73 sq mi)
1,380 m (4,530 ft)
 • Prefecture-level city2,297,339
 • Density250/km2 (640/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Urban density440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
 • Metro
 • Metro density440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Area code(s)0851
ISO 3166 codeCN-GZ-04

Anshun (simplified Chinese: 安顺; traditional Chinese: 安順; pinyin: Ānshùn) is a prefecture-level city of Guizhou province, near the location of Huangguoshu Waterfall, the tallest in China. Within the borders of its prefecture there are attractions such as The Long Gong Dragon Caves and the Getu River. As of 2010, it had a population of 2,297,339.[3] The city proper had a population of 765,313. The city is known for its aerospace industry.[4]

History[edit source | edit]

Anshun has a long history dating back to the Western Han dynasty around 200 B.C. There are two special kinds of culture which existed in this area throughout Chinese history: Tempu and Yelang.

The Tianlong Tunbao town is close to Anshun city. Tunbao is a town with a long history which includes eight small areas. Each one is connected with each other since it was a main war place from the period of Ming Dynasty. The culture of Tunbao is unique and traditional. First, the traditional clothes are special which are designed respectively from head to foot. Second, ‘Nuo’ is a kind of drama which originated in Tunbao. The performers wear masks and hold the stage property for performing. The plots of drama are all from the legends of history. Third, local stone architectures are representative for long history of Tunbao.

Close to Anshun there is a large lake called Yelang. It is named after the famous Yelang Emperor. Yelang Emperor was the largest minority tribe in southeast of China in Western Han Dynasty. It existed for about 300 years since the Warring States. During accession of Emperor Cheng of Han, the last king of Yelang Emperor was killed. Yelang Emperor died out from then on, but the off-springs of Yelang Emperor are still alive now. According to historical records, Yelang Emperor was located along Zangke River, which is now called Beipan River and Nanpan River. Bamboo Worship, Cow Totem, bullfight and dogfight are the typical national culture signals of Yelang Emperor.

Geography and climate[edit source | edit]

Map including Anshun (labeled as AN-SHUN (Walled) 安順) (AMS, 1954)

Anshun's administrative area spans latitude 25° 21'−26° 38' N and longitude 105° 13'−106° 34' E and contains sizeable areas of karst formation. It borders Guiyang, the provincial capital, and Qiannan Buyei and Miao Autonomous Prefecture to the east, Liupanshui to the west, Qianxinan Buyei and Miao Autonomous Prefecture to the south, and Bijie to the north. Within the prefecture, the elevation ranges from 1,102 to 1,694 metres (3,615 to 5,558 ft).

Anshun has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa) bordering on a subtropical highland climate (Köppen Cwb), tempered by its rather high altitude and having frequent rain (falling on just over half of the days of the year) and high humidity year-round. Winters are short, cool and damp, while summers are very warm. The monthly 24-hour mean temperature ranges from 4.5 °C (40.1 °F) in January to 22.0 °C (71.6 °F) in July, and the annual mean is 14.22 °C (57.6 °F). Over two-thirds of the annual rainfall occurs from May to August.

Administrative divisions[edit source | edit]

Anshun administers one district, two counties, and three autonomous counties. In addition, there are two other administrative areas: the Anshun Economic Development Zone (安顺经济开发区) and the national-level Huangguoshu Scenic Area (黄果树风景名胜区).

Division code[5] English name Simp. Chinese Trad. Chinese Pinyin Area in km2[6] Seat Postal code Divisions[7]
Subdistricts Towns Townships Ethnic townships Residential communities Villages
520400 Anshun 安顺市 安順市 Ānshùn Shì 9253.06 Xixiu District 561000 7 44 36 11 106 1837
520402 Xixiu District 西秀区 西秀區 Xīxiù Qū 1724.24 Dongguan Subdistrict (东关街道) 561000 7 10 7 5 57 498
520403 Pingba District 平坝区 平壩區 Píngbà Xiàn 985.49 Anping Subdistrict (安平街道) 561100 2 7 2 17 193
520422 Puding County 普定县 普定縣 Pǔdìng Xiàn 1090.49 Chengguan (城关镇) 562100 5 6 4 10 317
520423 Zhenning Buyei and
Miao Autonomous County
镇宁布依族苗族自治县 鎮寧布依族苗族自治縣 Zhènníng Bùyīzú
Miáozú Zìzhìxiàn
1709.42 Chengguan (城关镇) 561200 8 8 6 365
520424 Guanling Buyei and
Miao Autonomous County
关岭布依族苗族自治县 關嶺布依族苗族自治縣 Guānlǐng Bùyīzú
Miáozú Zìzhìxiàn
1470.49 Guansuo Subdistrict (关索街道) 561300 8 5 8 241
520425 Ziyun Miao and
Buyei Autonomous County
紫云苗族布依族自治县 紫雲苗族布依族自治縣 Zǐyún Miáozú
Bùyīzú Zìzhìxiàn
2272.94 Songshan (松山镇) 550800 5 7 6 223
Note: Xixiu District includes one subdistrict and two towns of the Anshun Economic Development Zone, while the two towns of Huangguoshu Scenic Area, Huangguoshu (黄果树镇) and Baishui (白水镇), are administered by Zhenning and Guanling Counties, respectively.

Demographics[edit source | edit]

Anshun City Demographics

Residence population[8](Nov. 2010) Hukou population [9]
(end of 2010)
Total % Population density (persons/km2)
Anshun 2297339 100 247.91 2797871
Xixiu District 765313 33.31 449.13 868669
Pingba County 298034 12.97 298.33 353777
Puding County 378288 16.47 346.42 459605
Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County 283880 12.36 165.05 381192
Guanling Buyei and Miao Autonomous County 301562 13.13 205.42 366814
Ziyun Miao and Buyei Autonomous County 270262 11.76 118.33 367814

According to the Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China conducted in 2010, the residence population was 2,297,339, a reduction of 34,402 (1.48%) from the Fifth Census in 2000. The male-female ratio was 107.34 males per 100 females. Persons aged 0–14 numbered 580,910 (25.29%), 15–64 numbered 1,516,977 (66.03%), and 65+ numbered at 199,452 (8.68%). The urban population was 690,138 (only 30.04%).

Ethnic groups[edit source | edit]

Among the residence population, there were 1,466,833 people of Han ethnicity (63.85%), with members of various other ethnic groups taking up the other 36.15%.

Transportation[edit source | edit]

The Guiyang–Kunming Railway (贵昆铁路) and Shanghai–Kunming Railway is under construction.

Anshun does have its own airport, although flights and destinations are limited from Anshun Huangguoshu Airport (黄果树机场). Destinations are to Chongqing, Guangzhou and Beijing's lesser Nanyuan Airport. Most travelers choose to use Guiyang Longdongbao International Airport and take a coach between there and Anshun.

Additional transportation includes Shanghai–Kunming High-Speed Railway and China National Highway 320.

Education[edit source | edit]

Anshun Normal University is the largest local institution of higher education,[citation needed] hosting Peace Corps Volunteer TEFL teachers since 2005.

Famous sites[edit source | edit]

Tourist attractions and landmarks in the Anshun prefecture area include:

  • Huangguoshu Waterfall ("Yellow Fruit Tree Waterfall") : A waterfall that can be viewed from all angles, even from inside the waterfall. It is the biggest waterfall in Asia.
  • Getu River : the river is situated in a mountainous karst area. Along the river one can find Miao villages and karst caves. It is possible to walk 2000 steps up to the Chuangshang cave where one can get a view of the whole area.
  • Longgong Cave (龙宫洞; "Dragon Palace") : The cave is situated above sea level and one has to walk 200 meters upwards to reach it. From there one can sail into the cave and experience the stalagmites and stalactites of the karst formation. There is also a waterfall by the foot of the cave.
  • Tianlong Tunbao (屯堡) Ming Dynasty Town : The town is situated some 25 kilometres (16 mi) from downtown Anshun. The name Tunbao refers to the places where the troops were stationed to guard the frontiers after putting down the riots during their southern expedition to Guizhou in the Hongwu reign (1368–1398) of the Ming Dynasty. The citizens have stuck to their traditional customs since then. The locals still wear clothes from the Ming Dynasty and the houses are also from that era.
  • Anshun Wenmiao : This Ming Dynasty Confucian temple, situated within Anshun city, is erected to honor the famous philosopher Confucius and his disciples.
  • Zhongdong (中洞; Middle Cave): Twenty families live inside this isolated village, set in a humongous limestone cavern 1,800 metres (5,900 ft) up a mountain. It's thought to be the only year-round settlement inside a naturally occurring cave in China.
  • Tiantai Mountain : The mountain lies in Tunbao tourist site. It has a history of approximately 421 years. It is the only one ancient architectural complex in Guizhou Province which is the imitation of Song-Dynasty-style. The architectural complex is called The Epic of Stone Architectural. Ming general Wu Sangui once resided here.
  • Huajiang Canyon : The only canyon which is famous as the "earth surface crack" canyon. Cliffside inscriptions are in the canyon.

Folk art[edit source | edit]

Anshun Batiks are a traditional folk Chinese handicraft art of Buyi Minority. People use wax pen to draw various patterns on white cloth such as flowers, birds and some strange shapes. Then, the cloth will be dipped dyeing in the indigotin. Finally, the patterns will be white shapes on a blue ground. Baktis can be used to make dresses and some other daily used things.

Dixi Opera is called the "living fossil of Chinese Opera". The acting style is singing and dancing. The main feature is that all actors wear the xylographic masks and sing the opera which are the ancient style.[citation needed]

References[edit source | edit]

  1. Cox, W (2018). Demographia World Urban Areas. 14th Annual Edition (PDF). St. Louis: Demographia. p. 22.
  2. Cox, W (2018). Demographia World Urban Areas. 14th Annual Edition (PDF). St. Louis: Demographia. p. 22.
  3. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-04-28. Retrieved 2012-03-14.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Census 2010
  5. "Archived copy" 国家统计局统计用区划代码 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. 2011. Archived from the original on 2012-04-07. Retrieved 2012-12-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. 《安顺统计年鉴2011》[full citation needed]
  7. 《中国民政统计年鉴2011》[full citation needed]
  8. 《安顺市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报》[full citation needed]
  9. 《中华人民共和国全国分县市人口统计资料2010》[full citation needed]

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