Broad River (Carolinas)
- For other rivers with the same name, see Broad River (disambiguation).
The Broad River is a principal tributary of the Congaree River, about 150 miles (240 km) long, in western North Carolina and northern South Carolina in the United States. Via the Congaree, it is part of the watershed of the Santee River, which flows to the Atlantic Ocean.
Course[edit source | edit]
The Broad River originates in the Blue Ridge Mountains of eastern Buncombe County, North Carolina and flows generally south-southeastwardly, through or along the boundaries of Rutherford, Polk and Cleveland Counties in North Carolina; and Cherokee, York, Union, Chester, Fairfield, Newberry and Richland Counties in South Carolina. In North Carolina, the river is dammed to form Lake Lure; in South Carolina it passes through the Sumter National Forest and the communities of Cherokee Falls and Lockhart before joining the Saluda River to form the Congaree River in the city of Columbia.
Principal tributaries of the Broad River include the Green, Second Broad and First Broad Rivers in North Carolina ; and the Bowens, Pacolet, Sandy, Tyger, Enoree and Little Rivers in South Carolina.
Dams[edit source | edit]
This is an incomplete list of dams starting at Lake Lure and moving downstream
- Gaston Shoals Dam (Gaffney)
- Cherokee Falls
- Ninety Nine Islands Dam adjacent to the abandoned Cherokee Nuclear Power Plant
- Dam and canal at Lockhart
- Neal Shoals Dam
- Parr Shoals Dam forming Parr Reservoir
- Columbia Canal and Dam in Columbia
Crossings[edit source | edit]
The Broad River is crossed several times by many highways (Note: this list at times may be incomplete)
- Rutherford County
- Cleveland County
- Gaffney/Cherokee County
- Chester and Union Counties
- Fairfield and Newberry Counties
Variant names[edit source | edit]
- Eswa Huppeday
- Line River
- Main Broad River
- Eswan Happedaw
It was also known in colonial times as the English Broad River to distinguish it from the French Broad River which also originates in western North Carolina, but flows northwest.
The present name is descriptive of the river's width.
See also[edit source | edit]
References[edit source | edit]
- Houghton Mifflin Company (1997). The Houghton Mifflin Dictionary of Geography. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. ISBN 0-395-86448-8
- DeLorme (1998). South Carolina Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-237-4
- Columbia Gazetteer of North America entry for Broad River Archived 2005-10-03 at the Wayback Machine
- DeLorme (2001). North Carolina Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-277-3
- Lake, William C. (22 June 1935). "Names of Union Streams Have Interesting History". Spartanburg Herald-Journal. pp. A1. Retrieved 22 April 2015.