COVID-19 pandemic in Hungary

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Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in Hungary

COVID-19 pandemic in Hungary
COVID-19 cases in Hungary.png
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationHungary
First caseBudapest
Arrival date4 March 2020 (1 year, 7 months and 14 days)
OriginChina
Confirmed cases5,046[1]
Recovered3,678[1]
Deaths
609[1]
Official website
koronavirus.gov.hu

The COVID-19 pandemic in Hungary is part of the ongoing worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). On March 4th, 2020, the first cases in Hungary were announced.[2] The first coronavirus-related death was announced on March 15th on the government's official website.[3]

On March 18th, Surgeon General Cecília Müller announced that the virus had spread to every part of the country.[4]

Background[edit source | edit]

At the end of January 2020, a Hungarian operational staff was formed, which was led by Sándor Pintér Interior Minister and Miklós Kásler, Minister of Human Resources, and included[citation needed]

  • Surgeon General Cecília Müller,
  • Károly Papp, Director of Security Department of Interior Ministry,
  • János Balogh, National Police Leader, and the directors of National High Directorate of Disaster Management, Anti-Terrorism Center, Central Hospital of South Pest, National Healthcare Supplying Service and National Ambulance.[5]

Staff has immediately announced its plan for security against the spread of virus.[6] After detecting the virus in the country, they announced that operational staff would hold daily meetings at noon.[7]

On 1 February, the spokesperson of National Command of Penalty Execution (BVOP) announced that prisoners of Debrecen and Sátoraljaújhely[8] had started the production of sanitary masks. They produce 20 000 masks daily in a 12-hour shift, which are stored in different repositories all around the country,[9] and continually delivered to general practitioners.[10]

As at the beginning the pandemic was concentrated in and around Wuhan, the source of the virus, Hungarians living there who wanted to move back to Europe were transported home through France. The affected seven persons were under quarantine for two weeks.[11] As they remained healthy during the next two weeks, they were released on 16 February.[12]

Due to the events and news connected to the outbreak of the novel coronavirus, in February 2020, several goods—such as antiseptic arm cleaning materials, masks and non-perishable food – were in short supply in a lot of shops in Hungary.[13] Tamás Schanda, strategical and political under-secretary of Innovation and the Science Ministry said "The Government understands the concerns of the people, but experts say it is unnecessary and pointless to hoard non-perishable food.”[14] The accumulation of goods declined quite quickly, and the detection of the virus in March did not cause measurable problems in shops.[15]

The Government of Hungary launched its official webpage and official Facebook page about the novel coronavirus, both on 4 March 2020.[16][17]

Infections[edit source | edit]

Template:COVID-19 pandemic data/Hungary medical cases chart

Confirmed cases in Hungary 5098
Active cases in Hungary 806
Number of recoveries 3681
Number of deaths 611
Number of home quarantined 7543
Number of samples 393431
Last update : Aug 21, 2020, 08:56 CEST[1]

The first two known cases were students from Iran, who were studying in Hungary. One of them was enrolled at the Pharmacy Faculty of Semmelweis University.[18] The student did not comply with the preventive measures required by the university as a precaution. He already visited his primary care physician and he was diagnosed with bacterial infection so that he didn't have to quarantine himself, and instead, he attended courses held in English with 16 other students.[19] The other person studied at the Szent István University in Gödöllő, who after returning from Iran, went to a self-declared quarantine. He did not attend lectures at the university, but went to Saint Ladislaus Hospital, and declared that he had arrived from an infected territory.[20]

Both of them were transported to Saint Ladislaus Hospital.[19] They had mild symptoms. They arrived back in Hungary on 26 and 28 February.[21]

A third infection was announced on 5 March. He was a 69-year old British man who was working in Milan and travelled frequently between Milan and Debrecen. He developed a fever, so he visited his doctor. He was diagnosed and transported to Gyula Kenézy Hospital.[22][23] Shortly after, the fourth infected had been announced. She was a girlfriend of one of the Iranian students that were first diagnosed. She was proactively isolated when the virus was diagnosed in the Iranians.[24]

The fifth infected was identified on 7 March, a 70-year-old man, who may have been infected by his son. The son previously visited some other countries, such as Italy.[25]

The sixth and seventh infected persons were announced on 8 March. They were exposed to the earlier diagnosed five infected persons. One of them was a friend of one of the Iranian students who was participating in a birthday party. The other was the Hungarian wife of the British man in Debrecen.[26] The next day, two other people were found to be infected, and, like the previous day, one of the infected had also come in contact with the first infected Iranian student. The other one was the wife of the elder man who has been isolated.[27] On 10 March, three new cases were discovered with students related to the first infected Iranian student, so they had remained under quarantine.[28] A day later, a Hungarian woman was announced as the 13th infected. She had come into contact with the first person isolated in Debrecen. Due to this she was hospitalised for several days.[29]

The first death which may have been due to the coronavirus occurred on 11 March. A 99-year-old woman was in hospital, where she was operated on at Saint Imre Hospital. After the successful operation, she had fever and pneumonia. Her daughter – who visited her regularly – got pneumonia the same day. Later, the daughter was diagnosed with COVID-19. Her mother was never tested and so not registered in connection with coronavirus.[30]

Three new cases were reported on 12 March. One was a student from Iran (a contact of the first case) whilst the other two were Hungarian citizens. One of the two Hungarians was a woman who had been in Saint Ladislaus Hospital for several days, the other one was a man travelling from Israel.[31] On 12 March, János Szlávik, head of Infectological Department of South Pest Center Hospital, confirmed that an Iranian citizen, held in quarantine, had recovered. All of his test results were negative.[32]

On 13 March, the number of known cases increased by 3, all of whom were Hungarian citizens. One of them, a 67-year-old man, had met several people from abroad in connection with his work. One other was a 41-year-old man, who had recently been in the Netherlands and England. The third one was a 27-year-old man, who had travelled to Israel with one of the already known infected people.[33]

On 14 March, 11 new people were diagnosed with COVID-19, bringing the total to 30; 6 were announced in the morning and 5 in the evening. All of the new cases were Hungarian citizens. The newly diagnosed patients include people who had been to Italy, and a person whose family member had returned from Austria.[34][35]

On the 15 March, 2 more people had been diagnosed with COVID-19, for a total of 32. Both of these cases were Hungarian citizens.[36]

On the same day, Sándor Szaniszló, the Mayor of Pestszentlőrinc-Pestszentimre announced the death of a patient at St Ladislaus Hospital who had been diagnosed with coronavirus. He is the first official victim of the pandemic in Hungary.[37] He was a 75 years-old man who had died due to infection with SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus and the COVID-19 sickness.[3]

A second recovered patient had left the hospital on the 16 March, who was from Iran.[38]

On 18 March, 47 out of the 58 confirmed infected people were Hungarian, 9 Iranian, 1 British, and 1 Kazakh citizen.[39]

On 19 March, there were 9 Iranian, 1 British, 1 Kazakh, and 62 Hungarian infected; all together there were 73 cases.[40] Six were in critical condition, and were in the Intensive Department of South Pest Center Hospital.[41]

On 20 March, there were 85 confirmed infected people: 10 Iranian, 1 British, 1 Kazakh, and 73 Hungarian citizens.[42] Six of them were in critical condition, whilst 7 had recovered.[43] On this day, three men, a 79, a 68 and a 53-year-old, had died of the 85 infected; the latter had multiple chronic diseases as well.[44][45]

On 21 March, the number of confirmed cases was 103: 10 Iranian, 2 British, 1 Kazakh, 1 Vietnamese, and 89 Hungarian citizens.[46]

On 22 March, the number of confirmed cases was 131: 10 Iranian, 2 British, 1 Kazakh, 1 Vietnamese, and 117 Hungarian citizens.[47]

Graph charts[edit source | edit]

Infections by County (as of April 29, 2020)[48][edit source | edit]

2019–20 Infections (cumulative) by County (v · d · e)
Date
Hospitalized
Ventilated
Bacs-kiskun-megye.svg
HUN Baranya megye COA.png
középre középre középre középre középre középre középre középre középre középre középre középre középre középre középre középre középre középre középre
2020.03.31. 8 20 3 6 17 12 25 8 2 4 12 5 89 11 24 7 8 10 6 215 492
2020.04.01. 8 19 3 6 17 13 26 9 3 5 12 5 98 11 25 7 9 10 7 232 525
2020.04.02. 15 19 3 6 21 18 28 10 3 7 13 6 122 11 27 7 9 10 7 243 585
2020.04.03. 17 21 4 6 23 21 28 11 3 8 15 7 124 12 28 7 9 10 8 261 623
2020.04.04. 18 21 6 6 25 21 33 13 3 7 14 8 134 12 28 7 11 10 10 291 678
2020.04.05. 19 23 8 7 30 24 34 14 3 8 14 10 142 15 28 10 11 10 10 313 733
2020.04.06. 19 23 8 7 32 24 34 15 4 8 14 10 142 15 28 12 11 10 11 317 744
2020.04.07. 19 23 9 7 32 39 36 15 4 10 15 11 153 16 34 13 12 13 11 345 817
2020.04.08. 19 23 10 7 40 49 37 15 4 10 15 12 164 17 36 13 12 14 11 387 895
2020.04.09. 19 23 11 10 40 55 37 15 4 11 17 12 183 17 36 13 12 18 19 428 980
2020.04.10. 21 28 11 10 42 72 43 17 5 12 17 12 194 17 37 13 13 23 23 580 1190
2020.04.11. 22 29 11 13 44 82 44 17 8 13 20 17 199 18 37 13 14 28 26 655 1310
2020.04.12. 22 29 11 44 45 93 60 18 9 14 20 18 215 20 38 13 14 30 28 669 1410
2020.04.13. 22 29 11 45 47 102 61 18 9 14 20 19 214 20 38 13 14 31 28 703 1458
2020.04.14. 22 29 12 45 51 106 61 19 11 15 20 19 220 21 40 13 14 32 30 732 1512
2020.04.15. 22 29 12 48 52 114 61 19 12 15 20 19 234 21 41 13 14 32 31 770 1579
2020.04.16. 22 32 12 50 52 122 62 19 13 16 21 19 249 21 42 14 14 34 33 805 1652 729 60
2020.04.17. 22 33 12 52 54 128 63 19 13 17 23 20 259 21 43 14 14 36 37 883 1763 847 63
2020.04.18. 23 33 13 52 55 141 63 19 13 18 25 20 264 21 43 14 14 37 37 929 1834 829 60
2020.04.19. 23 33 13 52 57 146 63 19 13 19 32 22 278 23 43 14 14 41 40 971 1916 784 61
2020.04.20. 23 33 13 53 57 159 64 19 13 19 43 22 286 24 43 14 14 43 40 1002 1984 811 60
2020.04.21. 23 34 13 53 57 175 64 21 14 19 48 23 293 24 44 14 14 43 40 1082 2098 842 82
2020.04.22. 23 35 13 53 57 181 75 22 14 19 48 23 305 24 43 15 15 48 42 1113 2168 825 63
2020.04.23. 23 33 13 53 57 213 72 21 14 19 64 23 317 24 43 16 14 50 42 1173 2284 850 61
2020.04.24. 23 33 13 54 60 240 74 22 15 20 67 23 329 24 43 16 14 50 42 1221 2383 877 61
2020.04.25. 23 33 13 59 63 246 74 23 16 20 70 23 339 24 44 16 14 52 44 1247 2443 899 54
2020.04.26. 23 33 13 62 63 251 75 23 16 21 72 23 350 24 45 16 14 54 48 1274 2500 927 56
2020.04.27. 23 33 14 62 86 263 76 23 16 21 87 23 352 24 45 16 14 54 65 1286 2583 931 52
2020.04.28. 23 33 14 62 89 265 77 23 17 22 92 23 358 24 47 16 14 56 89 1305 2649 976 49
2020.04.29. 23 34 14 63 96 269 77 23 17 22 93 24 368 25 47 17 14 56 98 1347 2727 983 50
2020.04.30. 23 34 15 63 97 271 77 23 17 22 101 24 375 26 47 17 14 58 103 1368 2775 998 54
2020.05.01. 23 34 16 64 97 296 78 23 17 22 110 24 380 27 47 17 14 58 108 1408 2863 983 49
2020.05.02. 23 35 16 65 98 298 79 23 17 22 121 24 394 28 47 17 14 58 115 1448 2942 1008 52
2020.05.03. 23 36 16 65 101 300 79 23 17 22 132 24 400 28 47 17 14 58 123 1473 2998 1005 51
2020.05.04. 23 36 16 65 101 304 79 23 17 22 137 24 401 28 47 17 14 58 139 1484 3035 1027 55
2020.05.05. 23 36 17 65 101 306 81 23 17 23 141 24 402 28 47 17 14 58 139 1503 3065 982 55
2020.05.06. 23 36 17 65 101 310 81 23 17 23 148 25 410 28 47 17 14 58 140 1528 3111 964 50
2020.05.07. 23 36 17 65 102 312 81 23 17 23 157 25 414 28 47 17 14 58 147 1544 3150 968 50
2020.05.08. 23 36 17 65 105 312 82 23 17 23 162 25 420 28 47 17 14 59 151 1552 3178 891 74
2020.05.09. 23 36 17 63 106 317 82 23 16 23 166 25 424 28 47 17 14 60 164 1562 3213 873
2020.05.10. 23 36 17 63 106 333 83 23 16 23 168 25 434 28 47 17 14 60 168 1579 3263 812 50
2020.05.11. 23 36 17 64 107 333 83 23 16 23 173 25 438 28 47 17 14 60 170 1587 3284 782 42
2020.05.12. 23 36 16 64 108 338 83 23 17 23 174 25 445 28 47 17 14 62 175 1595 3313 746 45
2020.05.13. 23 36 11 64 113 338 83 23 17 23 176 25 456 28 47 17 14 62 176 1609 3341 688 45
2020.05.14. 23 36 11 64 114 339 83 23 17 23 180 25 459 28 47 17 16 62 194 1619 3380 658 49
2020.05.15. 23 36 11 64 114 340 83 23 17 24 183 25 460 28 48 17 16 63 206 1636 3417 614 46
2020.05.16. 24 36 11 64 114 355 83 23 17 24 184 25 467 28 48 17 17 63 218 1655 3473 570 45
2020.05.17. 24 36 11 64 114 356 83 23 17 24 195 25 473 28 48 17 17 63 219 1672 3509 562 47
2020.05.18. 24 36 11 64 114 359 84 23 17 25 198 25 476 28 49 17 17 63 224 1681 3535 568 46
2020.05.19. 24 36 11 64 114 359 84 23 17 25 199 25 486 28 49 17 17 63 226 1689 3556
2020.05.20. 24 36 11 64 114 361 84 23 13 25 206 26 496 28 49 17 17 63 231 1710 3598 539 29
2020.05.21. 24 36 11 64 114 363 84 24 13 26 214 27 500 28 49 17 17 63 241 1726 3641 510 27
2020.05.22. 24 36 11 61 114 365 84 24 13 26 222 28 510 28 38 17 17 63 243 1754 3678 483 23
2020.05.23. 24 36 11 61 114 366 84 24 13 26 234 31 516 28 38 17 17 63 245 1765 3713 462 21
2020.05.24. 24 36 11 61 114 367 84 24 13 26 236 32 525 28 38 17 17 63 245 1780 3741 442 28
2020.05.25. 24 36 11 61 114 368 84 24 13 26 243 32 527 28 38 17 17 64 245 1784 3756 30
2020.05.26. 24 36 11 61 114 368 84 24 13 26 244 34 531 28 38 17 17 65 247 1789 3771 436 27
2020.05.27. 24 36 11 61 114 369 84 24 13 26 243 35 535 28 39 17 17 65 247 1805 3793 430 25
2020.05.28. 24 36 11 61 115 369 84 24 13 17 250 36 541 29 38 17 17 65 251 1818 3816 404 24
2020.05.29. 24 36 11 61 115 370 84 24 13 18 252 37 547 29 40 17 17 65 252 1829 3841 384 24
2020.05.30. 24 36 11 61 115 370 84 25 14 18 259 42 550 29 40 17 17 65 252 1838 3867 414 22
2020.05.31. 24 36 11 61 115 371 85 25 14 18 259 43 552 29 40 17 17 65 253 1841 3876 419 25
2020.06.01. 24 36 11 61 115 371 85 25 14 18 262 43 554 29 41 17 17 66 255 1848 3892 417 25
2020.06.02. 24 36 11 61 115 371 85 25 14 18 264 43 563 29 41 17 17 66 255 1866 3921 427 24
2020.06.03. 24 36 11 61 115 371 85 25 13 18 268 47 563 29 42 17 17 66 255 1868 3931 414 24
2020.06.04. 24 36 11 61 115 371 85 25 14 18 272 47 567 29 43 17 17 66 256 1880 3954 406 24
2020.06.05. 24 36 11 61 115 371 85 25 14 18 273 47 575 29 43 17 17 66 257 1886 3970 397 21
2020.06.06. 24 37 11 61 115 373 85 25 14 17 278 50 579 22 43 17 17 66 258 1898 3990 387 21
2020.06.07. 24 37 11 62 115 374 85 25 14 17 283 52 582 22 43 17 17 66 259 1903 4008 386 21
2020.06.08. 24 37 11 62 115 374 85 25 14 17 283 52 584 22 44 17 17 66 259 1906 4014 385 21
2020.06.09. 24 37 11 62 115 374 85 25 14 17 285 52 585 22 44 17 17 66 259 1906 4017 365 20
2020.06.10. 24 38 11 62 115 374 85 26 14 17 287 52 589 22 44 14 17 67 259 1910 4027 344 20
2020.06.11. 20 37 11 62 116 374 85 27 14 17 290 52 590 22 47 14 17 67 260 1917 4039 321 19
2020.06.12. 20 39 13 62 117 375 85 27 14 17 295 49 592 22 47 14 17 66 260 1922 4053 290 20
2020.06.13. 20 39 13 62 118 376 86 27 14 17 298 51 593 22 47 13 17 63 261 1927 4064 283 20
2020.06.14. 20 39 13 62 118 376 86 27 14 17 298 51 595 22 47 13 17 63 261 1930 4069 275 20
2020.06.15. 21 39 13 62 118 376 86 27 14 17 300 51 597 22 47 13 17 63 261 1932 4076 275 19
2020.06.16. 20 39 13 62 118 376 86 27 14 17 298 51 593 22 47 13 17 63 261 1927 4077 255 17
2020.06.17. 20 39 13 62 118 376 86 27 14 18 301 51 597 22 48 13 17 63 261 1932 4078 210 16
2020.06.18. 20 39 13 62 117 376 86 27 14 18 301 51 597 22 48 13 17 63 261 1934 4079 199 15
2020.06.19. 20 39 13 62 117 376 86 27 14 18 301 51 598 22 48 13 17 63 261 1935 4081 192 15
2020.06.20. 20 39 13 62 117 376 86 27 14 18 301 51 600 22 48 13 17 63 260 1939 4086 186 15
2020.06.21. 20 39 13 62 117 376 86 27 14 18 301 51 604 22 48 13 17 63 260 1943 4094 185 15
2020.06.22. 20 39 13 62 117 376 86 27 14 19 302 51 605 22 50 13 17 63 260 1946 4102 185 15
2020.06.23. 20 39 13 62 117 376 86 27 14 19 302 51 608 22 50 13 17 63 260 1948 4107 183 14
2020.06.24. 20 40 13 62 117 376 86 27 14 19 302 51 609 22 50 13 17 63 261 1952 4114 183 13
2020.06.25. 20 40 13 62 112 376 86 27 14 19 305 51 615 22 50 13 17 63 261 1957 4123 182 13
2020.06.26. 20 40 13 62 112 376 86 27 14 19 305 51 616 22 51 13 17 63 261 1959 4127 179 13
2020.06.27. 20 40 13 62 112 376 86 21 14 19 307 51 617 22 51 13 17 63 261 1973 4138 174 11
2020.06.28. 20 40 13 62 112 376 86 22 14 19 307 51 617 22 51 13 17 63 262 1975 4142 172 9
2020.06.29. 20 40 13 62 112 376 86 22 14 19 307 51 618 22 51 13 17 63 262 1977 4145 170 9
2020.06.30. 20 40 13 62 112 377 86 22 14 19 307 52 624 22 51 14 17 63 262 1978 4155 169 9
2020.07.01. 20 40 13 62 112 377 86 22 14 19 307 52 625 22 51 14 17 63 262 1979 4157 169 8
2020.07.02. 21 40 13 62 112 378 86 22 15 19 307 52 627 22 51 14 17 63 262 1983 4166 157 8
2020.07.03. 21 40 13 63 112 378 87 22 18 19 307 52 627 22 52 14 17 63 262 1983 4172 150 9
2020.07.04. 21 40 13 63 112 378 87 22 18 17 307 52 629 22 52 13 17 63 262 1986 4174 140 8
2020.07.05. 21 40 13 65 113 378 87 22 19 17 307 52 631 22 53 13 17 63 262 1988 4183 144 8
2020.07.06. 21 40 13 70 113 379 87 22 19 17 307 52 631 22 53 13 17 63 262 1988 4189 144 8
2020.07.07. 21 40 13 82 113 379 88 23 20 17 307 52 632 22 53 13 17 63 262 1988 4205 142 7
2020.07.08. 21 40 13 84 113 379 88 23 20 17 307 52 635 22 53 13 17 63 262 1988 4210 132 6
2020.07.09. 23 40 15 85 113 379 89 23 20 17 307 52 639 22 53 13 17 63 262 1988 4220 131 6
2020.07.10. 24 40 15 86 114 379 89 23 20 17 307 52 639 22 53 13 17 63 262 1988 4223 133 6
2020.07.11. 24 40 15 88 115 379 89 23 20 17 308 52 640 22 53 13 17 63 262 1989 4229 129 5
2020.07.12. 25 40 15 88 116 379 89 23 20 17 308 52 640 22 53 13 17 63 262 1992 4234 128 5
2020.07.13. 25 40 15 97 116 379 89 24 20 17 308 52 641 22 53 13 18 63 262 1993 4247 127 5
2020.07.14. 25 40 15 100 116 379 89 26 22 17 308 52 644 22 53 13 18 63 262 1994 4258 131 5
2020.07.15. 25 40 15 100 117 379 89 26 22 17 308 52 645 22 53 13 18 63 262 1997 4263 125 5
2020.07.16. 25 40 15 105 124 379 89 26 22 17 308 52 645 22 53 13 18 63 262 2001 4279 109 5
2020.07.17. 25 41 15 108 125 379 89 26 22 18 308 52 648 22 53 13 18 63 262 2006 4293 83 4
2020.07.18. 25 41 15 115 130 379 90 25 23 18 308 52 651 23 53 13 18 65 262 2009 4315 83 3
2020.07.19. 27 41 15 117 133 379 90 26 23 18 308 52 656 23 53 13 19 65 263 2012 4333 82 3
2020.07.20. 27 41 15 118 134 379 90 26 24 18 308 53 657 24 53 13 19 65 262 2013 4339 83 5
2020.07.21. 27 41 14 120 134 379 90 28 24 19 308 53 660 24 53 13 19 65 262 2014 4347 78 4
2020.07.22. 29 41 15 121 137 379 90 30 24 20 309 53 663 24 53 13 19 65 262 2019 4366 76 4
2020.07.23. 30 41 15 121 138 379 91 40 24 20 309 53 663 24 53 13 19 66 262 2019 4380 76 4
2020.07.24. 30 41 15 122 138 379 93 40 26 20 310 53 666 25 54 13 23 66 263 2021 4398 70 4
2020.07.25. 30 41 15 124 138 379 97 43 28 21 312 53 669 26 54 13 23 66 264 2028 4424 68 5
2020.07.26. 31 41 15 124 138 380 97 43 28 22 312 53 675 27 54 13 23 66 264 2029 4435 69 6
2020.07.27. 31 41 15 125 139 380 98 44 28 22 312 53 680 27 54 13 24 66 264 2032 4448 71 6
2020.07.28. 31 41 15 126 139 380 98 46 28 23 312 53 681 27 54 14 24 66 264 2034 4456 76 6
2020.07.29. 31 41 15 126 139 380 98 49 28 23 312 53 682 27 54 14 24 67 265 2037 4465 76 6
2020.07.30. 31 41 15 127 140 380 100 55 27 23 312 54 682 28 54 15 24 67 265 2044 4484 76 6
2020.07.31. 31 42 16 128 143 380 102 55 27 24 312 53 685 28 54 15 25 67 265 2053 4505 73 6
2020.08.01. 31 44 16 130 144 379 102 55 27 24 312 53 690 28 54 15 25 71 265 2061 4526 73 6
2020.08.02. 31 45 17 130 144 379 102 55 28 24 312 53 690 28 54 17 27 72 265 2062 4535 71 7
2020.08.03. 31 45 17 131 144 379 102 56 28 24 312 53 691 28 54 18 27 74 265 2065 4544 74 7
2020.08.04. 31 45 17 137 144 379 102 57 28 24 312 53 691 28 54 18 27 74 265 2067 4553 75 7
2020.08.05. 31 45 17 139 146 379 102 59 28 24 312 53 692 28 55 18 28 76 265 2067 4564 72 7
2020.08.06. 35 46 17 142 148 379 103 61 28 25 313 54 695 28 56 18 28 87 265 2069 4597 74 8
2020.08.07. 35 46 18 143 150 379 103 62 28 25 315 54 695 33 56 19 30 91 265 2074 4621 72 6
2020.08.08. 35 47 18 144 151 382 103 68 28 26 315 54 700 33 57 18 30 96 265 2081 4653 69 6
2020.08.09. 39 52 18 145 151 382 103 70 28 26 315 56 703 33 58 18 35 108 265 2091 4696 73 6
2020.08.10. 40 53 18 145 152 382 104 80 28 28 315 56 706 33 60 18 35 114 265 2099 4731 61 6
2020.08.11. 40 54 18 145 153 382 104 82 29 28 315 56 706 33 61 18 35 122 265 2100 4746 62 5
2020.08.12. 40 54 19 146 153 382 104 83 29 28 315 56 706 33 66 18 38 131 265 2102 4768 64 5
2020.08.13. 41 54 19 147 155 382 104 91 29 31 315 56 708 33 75 18 38 138 266 2113 4813 66 5
2020.08.14. 42 54 19 149 155 382 104 93 30 32 315 56 713 33 85 20 39 141 266 2125 4853 64 6
2020.08.15. 44 54 19 149 156 382 106 89 30 32 315 56 721 33 93 20 39 141 266 2132 4877 63 6
2020.08.16. 44 54 19 150 156 382 106 93 31 33 315 57 725 33 98 20 39 142 277 2142 4916 62 6
2020.08.17. 47 54 19 151 156 386 106 95 31 33 315 57 727 33 99 21 41 144 277 2154 4946 62 6
2020.08.18. 47 54 19 151 157 386 107 95 31 33 315 57 735 33 101 21 41 147 277 2163 4970 60 6
2020.08.19. 47 55 19 152 157 391 109 95 32 33 315 57 738 33 101 21 42 148 279 2178 5002 57 7
2020.08.20. 49 56 19 153 158 392 109 97 32 35 315 59 741 33 108 21 42 150 279 2198 5046 57 7
2020.08.21. 50 58 19 154 158 393 113 100 33 35 315 62 747 33 116 21 43 154 279 2215 5098 58 6
Hospitalized
Ventilated
Bacs-kiskun-megye.svg
HUN Baranya megye COA.png
középre középre középre középre középre középre középre középre középre középre középre középre középre középre középre középre középre középre középre

Government response[edit source | edit]

On 7 March, national ceremonies marking the anniversary of the Hungarian Revolution on 15 March were cancelled. Other cities and towns made similar decisions.[49][50][51][52][53] A job fair planned to be held between 18 and 19 March at the University of Technology and Economics was also postponed.[54]

The frequency of disinfection on Budapest public transport vehicles has increased, and the rule about using only the first door for boarding has been suspended, to decrease crowding.[55] On 13 March, similar rules regarding getting on public transport were introduced in Miskolc as well.[56]

The National Ambulance Service has provided more ambulances across the country to make easier the handling of increasing patients.[57] 145 beds were freed for this cause in Saint Ladislaus Hospital, belonging to South Pest Central Hospital. Their capacity is now 81 rooms with 189 beds. If these fill up, other hospitals, capable of handling this type of situation, will also be used for quarantine locations elsewhere in the country.[49] Since 8 March visiting someone in a hospital or in any social institution which provides long-term stay has been prohibited.[58] Budapest Zoo and Botanical Garden as well as every thermal bath will remain closed from 16 March. Starting with the same day, BuBi may be used for 100 HUF.[59]

On 17 March, the Surgeon General announced that the National Safety Laboratory of National Health Security Center had successfully isolated COVID-19 from a Hungarian patient's sample, which it could use for researching vaccines from a Hungarian patient's sample, to be used for the researches and production of new vaccine in Hungary.[60][61] A consortium founded by Immunology Department at Faculty of Sciences of Eötvös Loránd University, Biological Institute at Science Faculty of University of Pécs, Richter Gedeon and ImmunoGenes is involved in international biotechnological developments.[62][63] Imre Kacskovics, leader of Immunology Department of ELTE said, product currently under preparation at the first phase it won't be a vaccine, it provides only passive immunity, but it won't be able to prepare the body to fight against virus.[64] Some days after the successful isolation Bioinformatic Research Team of Szentágothay János Research Center at University of Pécs and the virologist experts of the university found the genome of new SARS-CoV-2 human coronavirus available in Hungary.[65][66]

Closed area on a trolleybus in Budapest

On 19 March, Andrea Bártfai-Mager Minister without portfolio, responsible for National Wealth and the team led by her prepared and accepted recommendations which were the basis of economic decisions published next day.[67]

State of emergency[edit source | edit]

On 11 March, the Hungarian government declared a state of emergency. While these periods usually last for 15 days (after which the state of emergency must be renewed by Parliament), Minister of the Prime Minister's Office Gergely Gulyás said the measures may be in force indefinitely,[68][69] as "there is a consensus that the length of this period may be not only weeks, but months."[70] Public gatherings in an enclosed space with more than 100 people were prohibited, sporting events that could attract more than 500 spectators must be held behind closed doors, and foreign exchange programs were suspended. Universities were ordered to suspend in-person classes and switch to online courses.[71][72][73]

Elementary and high schools were initially excluded from closure, due to an initial assessment that COVID-19 did not have as serious of an impact to children.[71][72][73] The Ministry of Human Capacities recommended that schools suspend field trips, open-air classes, and exchange programs.[74] On 13 March during a radio interview, Prime Minister Viktor Orbán said kindergarten was also excluded since parents would have to guarantee children's supervision, and teachers would be required to take unpaid leave.[75] That evening, Orbán announced that elementary and high schools would be closed to in-person classes effective 16 March.[76]

On 16 March, Prime Minister Orbán announced further restrictions, including ordering the cancellation of all events, and banning restaurants and cafes from operating beyond 3 p.m. Only grocery stores and pharmacies would be allowed to remain open past this time. In addition, it was announced that the country would allow entry to Hungarian citizens only.[77][77] In spite of the notices issued by operational staff about responsible behaviour and moderation, a 30-year-old security guard shared fake news on YouTube regarding the pandemic. He was the subject of police action.[78]

Rule by decree[edit source | edit]

On 30 March, the National Assembly passed an act 137–53 that made the state of emergency indefinite and allowed Prime Minister Orbán to rule by decree during it.[79] During the state of emergency, by-elections and national and local referendums must be postponed until after the conclusion of the state of emergency, and deliberate bodies of a local governments and national minority self-governments cannot be dissolved.[80] The act also makes the deliberate distribution of misleading information that obstructs responses to the pandemic punishable by up to five years in prison, and breaking quarantine punishable by up to three.[81][82]

The bill faced opposition for containing indefinite restrictions on these powers, as well as concerns over the possibility that the "fake news" prohibition in the bill could be abused for censorship of dissenting opinions towards the government's response.[81][82][83] On 31 March, liberal members of European parliament voiced concerns that the bill was incompatible with belonging to the European Union. Without mentioning Hungary, European Commission president Ursula von der Leyen advised that measures for controlling the pandemic should be "limited to what is necessary and strictly proportionate", and "not at the expense of our fundamental principles and values as set out in the treaties".[83]

On 1 April, a joint statement was issued by 13 EU member states, stating that they were "deeply concerned" about emergency initiatives violating democracy, fundamental rights, and the rule of law. The statement did not explicitly refer to Hungary;[84][85] the country joined the statement the following day.[86] On 30 April 2020, Viktor Orban's chief of staff Gergely Gulyás announced that Hungarian schools will remain closed to the end of May, and events that feature more than 500 participants are banned until 15 August.[87]

Travel and entry restrictions[edit source | edit]

Entry restrictions were initially targeted towards countries with large numbers of cases; the country initially began to suspend admission of migrants from its transit zones on the Serbian border, citing the outbreak in Iran.[88] On 6 March, Hungary suspended the issuance of visas to Iranian citizens.[89] On 9 March, restrictions began to emerge on air traffic from Northern Italy due to the outbreak in the country.[49][90] On 11 March, pursuant to the state of emergency, Hungary barred entry into the country by foreign nationals via China, Iran, Italy and South Korea. Hungarian citizens would still be allowed to return, but would be required to undergo 14 days of self-isolation upon return. Border checks were also re-implemented at the Austrian and Slovenian borders, and the government suspended travel by its employees without prior approval.[71][72] On 13 March, Israel was added after two Hungarian cases were tied to travel to the country.[91]

On 16 March, Hungary restricted entry into the country to citizens only.[92]

From 27 April, wearing a mask will be mandatory on public transport in Budapest.[citation needed]

Economic decisions for managing the emergency[edit source | edit]

Mihály Varga Minister of Finance said the government had to react to the real needs of the economy, and they were still waiting for the feedback from the trade and industry chamber.[93] On 18 March during the early afternooon hours Viktor Orbán announced several upcoming decisions. Though he used his own Facebook page instead of the dedicated communication channels.[94] The decisions were as follow:[citation needed]

  • All due payments are suspended which are caused by loans to persons and companies. It is valid for capital and interest payment as well. This is in force up to the end of the year.
  • Short-term loans for companies are prolonged up to 30 June.
  • Loans delivered from 19 March may have a maximum 5% above the Hungarian National Bank’s interest rate.
  • Government remits subsidiaries which should have to paid based on the number of employees on the fields of tourism, catering, leisure, sport, culture and personal taxi services. Employees working in these sectors do not have to pay a pension subsidiary and the fee for receiving the benefits of the health sector is the minimum fee declared in the act.
  • Taxi drivers subject to the KATA tax system are exempt from tax until 30 June.
  • Rental contracts which are in connection with the above listed sectors may not be abrogated, rental fees may not be increased.
  • Contribution to the development of tourism (a kind of tax) is suspended until 30 June.
  • Labor rules will be more flexible, to make agreements between employers and employees easier.[95]

The Order about these changes was published in the 18 March edition of Magyar Közlöny.[96] Mihály Varga Minister of Finance and representatives of Hungarian Banking Association had a meeting regarding actions listed above.[97]

Impact on sport[edit source | edit]

Nearly all sport events were affected by the state of emergency introduced on 11 March. It banned all indoor events with at least 100 and every outdoor events with at least 500 participants. As a consequence the next 25th round of 2019–20 Nemzeti Bajnokság I had to be made without spectators.[98] Only six out of 55 member states of UEFA had open matches, which were free to visit.[99] On 16 March, there was a decision made about suspension of the championship, suspending all matches.[100]

On 11 March, they ended Erste Liga 2019–2020 Hungarian ice hockey championship, which was at the semi-final stage,[101] and the same decision was made about all other ice hockey championships in the country.[102] All matches part of championships and cup series organised by the Hungarian Handball Association were suspended.[103] The same decision was made by the Hungarian Water Polo Federation.[104] Basketball and volleyball championships were also suspended.[105][106] The National Swimming Championship has also been prolonged.[107] The Hungarian Boxing Association announced the evacuation of participants from London, where qualification for the 2020 Summer Olympics were ongoing.[108] Hungarian Karate Federation announced that they temporally cancel karate contents part of the content calendar.[109] On 13 March, the three étaps of Giro d’Italia in the country had been cancelled.[110] On 17 March, the most well-known Hungarian bicycle tour, Tour de Hongrie has been moved from May to October.[111]

Due to the state of emergency in Bulgaria, they banned all sport events in the country up to 29 March. As a result, the qualifying match between Bulgaria and Hungary has been postponed.[112] On 17 March, UEFA postponed the whole championship a year to 2021, which is scheduled to be held among other countries apart from Hungary.[113]

European Karate Federation informed Hungarian Karate Federation about the cancelling European Championship that year, planned to take place in Baku from 25 to 29 March. This championship is part of the qualification events to the Olympics.[114][115]

See also[edit source | edit]

References[edit source | edit]

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External links[edit source | edit]

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