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COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia

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COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia
COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia per capita cases map.svg
Cases per million by province as of 14 July 2020
COVID-19 pandemic cases in Indonesia map (Density).svg
Confirmed cases by province as of 14 July 2020
COVID-19 pandemic deaths in Indonesia map.svg
Deaths by province as of 14 July 2020
COVID-19 pandemic recoveries in Indonesia map.svg
Recoveries by province as of 14 July 2020
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationIndonesia
First caseKemang, Jakarta
Arrival date2 March 2020
(1 year and 4 days)
OriginWuhan, Hubei, China
Confirmed cases[1]
Active casesFormatting error: invalid input when rounding[1]
Suspected cases46,701[1]
Recovered[1]
Deaths
[1]
Territories
461 regencies and cities in 34 provinces[1]
Official website
National:
covid19.go.id
covid19.bnpb.go.id
covid19.kemkes.go.id
Local:
see cases by province (table)
Suspected cases have not been confirmed as being due to this strain by laboratory tests, although some other strains may have been ruled out.

The COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia is part of the ongoing worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). It was confirmed to have spread to Indonesia on 2 March 2020, after a dance instructor and her mother tested positive for the virus. Both were infected from a Japanese national.[2][3]

By 9 April, the pandemic had spread to all 34 provinces in the country and by 24 June, half of them had more than 500 cases. East Java, Jakarta, and South Sulawesi are the worst-hit provinces, together make up more than 50% of national's total cases. The largest increase of new cases in a single day occurred on 9 July, when 2,657 cases were announced. On 11 July, there were 1,190 recoveries recorded just within a span of 24 hours, the most ever.

As of , Indonesia has reported cases, the highest in Southeast Asia, ahead of the Philippines and Singapore. In terms of death numbers, Indonesia ranks sixth in Asia with deaths.[4] Review of data, however, indicated that the number of deaths may be much higher than what has been reported as those who died with acute COVID-19 symptoms but had not been confirmed or tested were not counted in the official death figure.[5]

Indonesia has conducted tests against its 273 million population so far, or around Formatting error: invalid input when rounding tests per million, making it one of the lowest testing rates in the world. As a comparison, it is lower than Kenya which has only around 53.8 million population, yet has conducted 4,019 tests per million.[4]

Instead of implementing a nationwide lockdown, the government had approved large-scale social restrictions (Indonesian: Pembatasan Sosial Berskala Besar, abbreviated as PSBB) for some regencies and cities. Starting from late May, they began to apply New Normal, along with another green and yellow zone regions. This policy received a lot of criticism and is considered as a disaster because cases are still increasing.[6]

Statistics[edit source | edit]

Template:COVID-19 pandemic data/Indonesia medical cases chart

Background[edit source | edit]

On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan, Hubei, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019.[7][8]

The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003,[9][10] but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll.[11][9]

Timeline[edit source | edit]

Number of cases (blue) and number of deaths (red) on a logarithmic scale.

From January until February 2020, Indonesia reported zero cases of COVID-19, despite being surrounded by infected countries such as Malaysia, Singapore, the Philippines, and Australia. Flights from countries with high infection rate, including South Korea and Thailand, also continued to operate. Health experts and researchers at Harvard University in the United States expressed their concerns, saying that Indonesia is ill-prepared for an outbreak and there could be undetected COVID-19 cases.[12]

On 2 March 2020, Indonesian president Joko Widodo announced the first cases in the country: a dance instructor and her mother in Depok, West Java.[13] Both of them had held a dance class at a restaurant in Kemang, South Jakarta on 14 February, which was attended by more than a dozen people. One of whom was a Japanese, who was later tested positive for the COVID-19 in Malaysia.[14] As Malaysia reported the case, the government of Indonesia began to trace anyone who have had close contact with the Japanese and the infected Indonesians.[15][16]

The cluster was initially identified as the "Jakarta cluster"[17] or the "dance class cluster",[18][19] owing to the location of the infection. Since then, confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Indonesia began to increase slowly. By 8 March, a total of 6 people who had attended the dance class were infected by the COVID-19, including one case of repatriated Indonesian from the Diamond Princess.[20] Several COVID-19 cases in West Java and Jakarta were found to have a link with the cluster.[21]

The positive cases first confirmed in March are not the first Indonesians to have been infected with the SARS-CoV-2 virus. In January, an Indonesian maid in Singapore contracted the virus from her employer.[22]

The first confirmed death of COVID-19 in the country occurred on 11 March when a 53-year-old British citizen in Bali died.[23] However, a Telkom employee who died on 3 March was found positive on 14 March.[24][25]

An 11-year-old girl who died in Pamekasan, Madura Island, East Java on 20 March had been confirmed as the youngest COVID-19 fatality in the country.[26] On 11 April, an 11-month-old infant died at Bahteramas Regional General Hospital, Kendari while still under Patient Under Supervision (PDP) status.[27]

A newborn baby who died in Manado, North Sulawesi on 19 May was declared as the youngest COVID-19 patient in Indonesia.[28] On 30 May, a centenarian from Surabaya had recovered, making her the oldest person to recover from COVID-19 in the country.[29]

Classifications[edit source | edit]

Cases[edit source | edit]

The Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia classifies suspects of COVID-19 cases into two levels.[30]

  • Person Under Monitoring (PUM) or Orang Dalam Pemantauan (ODP) – is a person who has fever or a history of fever and/or coughing or flu, and/or has traveled from other countries or regions in Indonesia that are believed to have COVID-19 human transmission, and/or has been in contact with a PUS or a positive COVID-19 case. A PUM may be allowed quarantine at home or a government-appointed facility for 14 days with a constant inspection.
  • Patient Under Supervision (PUS) or Pasien Dalam Pengawasan (PDP) – is a sick PUM showing symptoms of pneumonia or who is reactive to a rapid or antibody test. He or she may be treated or isolated at a hospital.

On the other hand, the provincial government of Jakarta and a few other provinces define PUM and PUS as follows.[31]

  • PUM is a person who shows symptoms of fever (>38 °C (100 °F)) or has a history of fever or ARI without pneumonia and has a history of travel to an infected country or another region in Indonesia or contact with a positive COVID-19 case in the last 14 days.
  • PUS is a person who shows symptoms of fever (>38 °C (100 °F)) or has a history of fever, ARI, and mild to severe pneumonia, and has a history of travel to an infected country or another region in Indonesia or contact with a positive COVID-19 case in the last 14 days.

Other classifications include:

  • Asymptomatic Person or Orang Tanpa Gejala (OTG) is a positive COVID-19 case without showing any symptoms.
  • A confirmed case is a person whose swab or PCR test produced positive results. Due to lower accuracy and higher chance of false positives, a positive rapid or antibody test is not counted into the official number of cases.
  • A recovered case is confirmed after two consecutive swab tests within the past 14 days show negative results.
  • Deaths are those who were tested positive and died. Deceased suspects are retroactively added into the official number of deaths after a positive swab test, but will be nonetheless buried according to the procedure of handling a deceased COVID-19 patient.

Location[edit source | edit]

According to the Ministry of Domestic Affairs, a regency or municipality may be classified into three levels depending on the severity of COVID-19 cases within the region, according to these parameters: [32]

  • The number of positive cases within 14 days
  • The number of suspected cases within 14 days
  • The number of deaths buried according to COVID-19 protocol within 14 days
  • Threat of disease contagions to healthcare workers

Each has a score of 15 points for increasing trends, 20 for stationary trends, and 25 for decreasing trends.

The three levels will be assigned to a specific region:

  • Red Zone if the total score reaches below 80 points. Large-scale social restrictions may be enforced.
  • Yellow Zone if the total score reaches 80 to 95 points.
  • Green Zone if the total score reaches 100 points (all 4 parameters show a decreasing trend)

Cases[edit source | edit]

Template:COVID-19 pandemic data/Indonesia medical cases

Suspected cases[edit source | edit]

Several travellers who had visited or transited through Bali later tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 shortly after their return to China,[33] Japan,[34] New Zealand,[35] and Singapore.[36]

An additional 50 to 70 people were put under surveillance after coming into contact with the first two confirmed COVID-19 patients. This number includes those who had visited Mitra Keluarga Hospital in Depok, the hospital the two confirmed patients were previously admitted to before being transferred to North Jakarta.[37][38]

A 37-year-old man who died in a hospital in Semarang suspected of having COVID-19 reportedly tested negative, and was instead afflicted by swine flu, probably picked up from recent travels to Spain.[39]

In West Sumatra, two people who returned from abroad died at Padang's Dr. M. Djamil Central General Hospital. On 13 March, a woman who was being treated as a suspect of COVID-19 after returning from Umrah died.[40] On 16 March, a 47-year-old man from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia landed at Minangkabau International Airport, showing symptoms of COVID-19.[41][42][43] He was subsequently hospitalized at Padang's hospital and died on the same day.[44]

Responses[edit source | edit]

Central government[edit source | edit]

Treatment Facilities List[45]

Indonesia banned all flights from and to Mainland China starting from 5 February. The government also stopped giving free visa and visa on arrival for Chinese nationals. Those who live or have stayed in Mainland China in the previous 14 days have been barred from entering or transiting through Indonesia. Indonesians are discouraged from travelling to China.[46]

Starting on 8 March, travel restrictions expanded to include Daegu and Gyeongsangbuk-do in South Korea, Lombardy, Veneto and Emilia-Romagna regions of Italy, and Tehran and Qom in Iran. Visitors with travel history within these countries but outside the aforementioned regions have to provide a valid health certificate during check in for all transportation into Indonesia.[47] Despite the restriction on travellers from South Korea, Indonesia is still allowing flights from the country.[48]

The Ministry of Health ordered the installation of thermal scanners for at least 135 airport gates and port docks,[49][50] and announced that provisioning over 100 hospitals with isolation rooms (to WHO-recommended standards) would begin.[51] Starting on 4 March, Jakarta MRT also began scanning the temperature of passengers entering the stations and denying access to those with symptoms of high fever.[52] Other public places such as mall and school also began to scan people at all their entrances.[citation needed]

After the first victim died, the Indonesian government admitted that they have difficulties in detect incoming imported cases on airports, doing contact tracing and also location history for each case.[53]

The Indonesian government plans to turn a site on Galang Island, previously used as a refugee camp for Vietnamese asylum seekers into a 1,000-bed medical facility specially equipped to handle the coronavirus outbreak and other infectious diseases.[54]

On 13 March, the government designated 132 treatment facilities across Indonesia.[45] On 18 March, 227 additional hospitals (109 military hospitals, 53 police Hospitals and 65 state-owned enterprises hospitals) are provisioned to cover more patients across the country.[55] The government also established the COVID-19 Response Acceleration Task Force.[56] Doni Monardo has been appointed to lead this team.[57] On the same day, Minister of Home Affairs Tito Karnavian urged all of Indonesian regional leaders to suspend all non-essential travel to foreign country.[58]

On 15 March, President Widodo has called on all Indonesians to practice what epidemiologists call social distancing to slow the spread of COVID-19 in the country.[59] Indonesian tax authorities announced that they will move back the tax reporting deadline to 30 April 2020.[60]

On 16 March, the Ministry of State-Owned Enterprises instructed its employees ages 50 and above to work from home.[61] President Joko Widodo also clarified that the decision to implement lockdown on cities or regencies are only to be made after consultation with the central government.[62]

As schools were closing in some regions, Minister of Education Nadiem Makarim announced readiness of the Ministry of Education to assist schools in online learning by providing free teaching platforms.[63] Minister of Finance Sri Mulyani also announced a shifting of infrastructure budget of 1 trillion IDR into healthcare and pandemic prevention.[64]

Former Asian Games athletes village turned into COVID-19 hospital

On 17 March, COVID-19 health protocols have been released to public.[65][66] Ministry of Foreign Affairs also expanded the travel restriction to temporary abolish visa free entry to Indonesia for one month and deny transit or arrival for visitors who have been in Iran, Italy, Vatican City, Spain, France, Germany, Switzerland, and United Kingdom within the past 14 days.[67]

On 18 March, the government launched covid19.go.id site, an official source of accurate information on controlling the spread of coronavirus in Indonesia.[68][69] On the same day, The Ministry of Finance also announced that Kemayoran Athletes Village, a former athlete's housing for the 2018 Asian Games will be converted to house COVID-19 patients who show only mild symptoms after consultation from doctors.[70][71][72] The conversion was officially completed on 23 March.[73]

On 19 March, Bank of Indonesia decided to slash the bank rate to 4.5%, in addition to 6 other fiscal policies, in the attempt to shore up the economy amidst the COVID-19 crisis.[74] On the same day, the chief of the Indonesian National Police Idham Azis published a notice for all policeman to enforce social distancing by dispersing assemblies at public places.[75]

On 27 March, the government is mulling over a plan to ban this year's Idul Fitri mudik (exodus) to prevent city dwellers from spreading the coronavirus to towns and villages across the archipelago.[76]

On 30 March, President Widodo refuses to impose lockdown on Jakarta. Bus routes connecting Jakarta and other cities and provinces will remain open following the cancellation of a plan to temporarily suspend operations of Greater Jakarta-based intercity and interprovincial (AKAP) buses.[77][78]

On 31 March, Indonesia announces Rp 405 trillion COVID-19 budget, anticipates a 5% deficit in a historic move. The government will allocate Rp 75 trillion for healthcare spending, Rp 110 trillion for social protection, and Rp 70.1 trillion for tax incentives and credit for enterprises. The biggest chunk, Rp 150 trillion, will be set aside for economic recovery programs including credit restructuring and financing for small and medium businesses.[79]

On 13 April, President Joko Widodo declared COVID-19 as a national disaster after it infected 4,557 individuals and caused 399 deaths in Indonesia. Prof. Mahfud MD as Coordinating Ministry for Political, Legal, and Security Affairs (Indonesia) said its national disaster cannot be based for force majeure.[80]

On 21 April, President Joko Widodo announced his decision to ban the Idul Fitri mudik (exodus) starting from 24 April to curb the spread of COVID-19 ahead of Ramadan.[81] To help with this effort, travel by intercity bus travel is banned until 31 May, commercial and charter flights until 1 June, sea transportation until 8 June, and long-distance passenger trains until 15 June.[82][83]

In late April, President Widodo asked the United States for medical equipments, including ventilators via phone call to President Donald Trump. To which President Trump, in April 24, responded he will provide and also reiterated the intent to strengthen economic cooperation between the two.[84][85]

Stimulus policy[edit source | edit]

To reduce the impact of COVID-19 pandemic to the national economy, the government releases an IDR 10.3 trillion stimulus policy to the tourism sector, in the form of ticket price discounts and restaurant tax deductions. The IDR 10.3 trillion budget is given to provide discounted ticket prices for 10 tourist destinations, such as Batam, Denpasar, Yogyakarta, Labuan Bajo, Lombok, Malang, Manado, Lake Toba (Silangit Airport), Tanjung Pandan, and Tanjungpinang, which applies from March to May 2020. Ticket prices for low-cost airlines are discounted by 50%, medium-service by 48%, and full-service by 45%.[86] Specifically for this ticket price discount, the stimulus fund comes from the IDR 444.39 billion-state budget (APBN) for a discounted value of 30% and 25% of passengers per flight.[87] Additionally, there are additional ticket discounts paid by Angkasa Pura I and Angkasa Pura II in the amount of Rp100 billion and PT Pertamina (Persero) in the amount of Rp260 billion through avtur price discounts, so the total ticket price stimulus is IDR 960 billion so that the ticket price can be discounted by 50%.[88]

The stimulus in the form of restaurant taxes borne by the central government was also provided with a value of Rp3.3 trillion. Thus, there is no restaurant tax in the ten tourist destinations above, but as compensation, the local government will get a grant from the central government.[87]

Regional government[edit source | edit]

Area of emergency[edit source | edit]

  • Jakarta: 20 March – 19 April[89][90]
  • Depok: 18 March – 29 May[89]
  • Yogyakarta: 20 March – 29 May[89]
  • Bogor: 15 March – 29 May[89]
  • East Java: 14 March – 29 May[89]
  • Banten: 15 March – 29 May[89]
  • East Kalimantan: 18 March – 29 May[89]
  • West Kalimantan: 10 March – 29 May[89]
  • West Java: 19 March – 29 May[89]
  • Papua: 17 March – 17 April[91]
  • Aceh: 20 March – 29 May[92]
  • North Sumatra: 31 March – 29 May[93]
  • South Kalimantan: 22 March – 29 May[94]

Large-scale social restrictions[edit source | edit]

Example of do's and don'ts during PSBB period, here issued by KPU in South Tangerang.
For further information, see 2020 Indonesia large-scale social restrictions

Specific regions can apply for a request for large-scale social restrictions (PSBB) to the Ministry of Health alongside proof of endemic and mitigation steps.[95] Should it be approved, a date will be set by the local government and will run for at least two weeks.[citation needed]

Under the current restrictions, all public transportation options must operate with reduced hours and capacity. Non-essential businesses and stores are required to be closed. Restaurants and food stalls are open for takeaway and delivery only; markets and essential business can may open with social distancing. Depending on the area, private transportation requires a limitation of passengers and a mask obligation will also be in effect.[96][97][98][99]

List of PSBB areas
No Region Province Approval Date Duration Region-specific restrictions
1 Jakarta DKI Jakarta 10 April 2020 10 April–22 May[100] A maximum of two people of the same household may ride on a motorcycle. Motorcycle taxi for passengers prohibited. Assembly of maximum 5 people. Public transportation run from 06:00 to 18:00.
2 Bogor City West Java 11 April 2020 15 April–12 May[101][102] Only one person may ride on a motorcycle. Motorcycle taxi for passengers prohibited. Assembly of maximum 5 people. Public transportation run from 06:00 to 18:00. Commuter line travel allowed only with letter of assignment from companies operating essential services.[103]
3 Bogor Regency
4 Depok
5 Bekasi City
6 Bekasi Regency
7 South Tangerang Banten 12 April 2020 18 April–17 May[104][105]
8 Tangerang City
9 Tangerang Regency
10 Pekanbaru Riau 17 April–14 May[106][107] Curfew from 20:00 to 05:00.
11 Makassar South Sulawesi 16 April 2020 24 April–21 May[108][109]
12 Bandung City West Java 17 April 2020 22 April–5 May[110] Motorcycle taxi for passengers prohibited.
13 Bandung Regency
14 West Bandung Regency
15 Cimahi
16 Sumedang Regency
17 All regions in the province West Sumatra
18 Tegal Central Java 23 April–22 May[111][112]
19 Banjarmasin South Kalimantan 19 April 2020[113] 24 April-21 May[114][115]
20 Tarakan North Kalimantan 26 April-30 May[116][117] No passenger transportation for all ships docking at Tarakan. Curfew from 20:00-06:00.
21 Surabaya East Java 21 April 2020[118] 28 April–25 May [119][120]
22 Sidoarjo
23 Gresik
24 All regions in the province West Java 1 May 2020[121] 6 May–19 May[122]
25 Palangka Raya Central Kalimantan 11 May–25 May[123]
Rejected application for PSBB
No Region Province Date of Rejection
1 Palangkaraya[124] Central Kalimantan 12 April 2020
2 Rote Ndao Regency[125] East Nusa Tenggara
3 Mimika Regency[125] Papua
4 Fakfak[125] West Papua
5 Sorong[125]
6 Fakfak Regency[126] 16 April 2020
7 Bolaang Mongondow Regency[126] North Sulawesi

Aceh[edit source | edit]

On 12 March, acting Aceh governor Nova Iriansyah advised Acehnese to stay away from vices and activities that are incompatible with religious and Islamic sharia values.[127]

On 15 March, due to the rapid rise of the number of coronavirus infections in the country, the province of Aceh decided to close schools until further notice.[128]

On 16 March, the city of Sabang started to implement travel restrictions to forbid foreign visitors from traveling to their city.[129]

On 20 March, Nova Iriansyah declared a "province-scale" state of emergency in Aceh for 71 days, lasting until 29 May.[92]

Banten[edit source | edit]

On 15 March, Governor of Banten Wahidin Halim declares "extraordinary event" and decides to close all schools for 2 weeks.[130]

Central Java[edit source | edit]

On 13 March, the city of Solo in Central Java decided to close all primary schools (SD) and junior high school's (SMP) for next 2 weeks, after three positive cases are found in the city.[131] The mayor of Solo F. X. Hadi Rudyatmo has also declared that the area is under "extraordinary event".[132] On the same day, the Regency of Sragen decided to close all schools from kindergarten to junior high school throughout the regency for at least a week, while closure of senior high school in the regency would be decided by the provincial government.[133]

On 14 March, Central Java governor Ganjar Pranowo decided to close all kindergarten to junior high schools in the province. High schools would remain open during the examination season.[134] The city of Salatiga followed the same decision on 15 March. The city government would also provide a total of Rp. 3 billion for medical support.[135]

On 25 March, the governor announced that schools under control of the provincial government will postpone their opening until 13 April.[136]

On 26 March, the city of Solo,[137] Semarang,[138] Salatiga,[139] and Sukoharjo Regency[138] announced that kindergarten, primary, and junior high school's opening will be postponed until 13 April.

On 27 March, despite statements from President Jokowi that lockdowns are the authority of the central government, mayor of Tegal Dedy Yon Supriyono announced that Tegal would be on lockdown. He ordered that 49 road access to the city to be barricaded with movable concrete barriers, and visitors from outside will be thoroughly checked and have to undergo a 14-day quarantine period.[140] On the other hand, the Governor of Central Java Ganjar Pranowo insisted that the blockade will only happen at some part of the city of Tegal, not on the whole city.[141]

DKI Jakarta[edit source | edit]

Location of reported COVID-19 cases in Jakarta as of 2 April 2020 [142]

On 2 March, in response to the confirmed cases, DKI Jakarta governor Anies Baswedan halted the issuance of permits for large gatherings.[143] These including concerts by Foals, Babymetal, Head in the Clouds, and Dream Theater.[144][145]

On 13 March, after 69 positive COVID-19 cases, several tourist destinations in Jakarta including Ancol Dreamland, multiple government-managed museums, Ragunan Zoo and Monas were closed for 2 weeks.[146][147][148] The Islamic organization Muhammadiyah formed a "command centre" allocating 20 hospitals in the country to handle the outbreak, with the centre being led by emergency medicine specialist Corona Rintawan.[149]

On 14 March, Jakarta governor Anies Baswedan decided to suspend all school activities and examinations for two weeks in response to prevent further spread of the virus in the capital city of Jakarta.[150]

On 15 March, Jakarta provincial government prepared 500 to 1,000 beds for patient under investigation (PUI) that will be placed on designated COVID-19 treatment facilities.[151]

On 16 March, MRT Jakarta, LRT and Transjakarta started to reduce number of trips, corridors and timetables (06.00 – 18.00), however, this policy was retracted due to long queue in many bus stops and train stations in morning.[152][153][154] Odd-even policy will be halted during outbreak.[155]

On 20 March, Anies Baswedan declared a state of emergency in Jakarta for the next 14 days, lasting until 2 April.[156]

On 28 March, Jakarta provincial government extends the state of emergency until 19 April.[90]

On 2 April, Anies Baswedan Allocates Rp3tn to Fight Coronavirus Outbreak, and the budget will be used to fund the city's fight against the virus up until May this year, by gradually allocating Rp1.3 trillion and an additional Rp2 trillion[157]

Jakarta's application for curfew was approved by the Ministry of Health on 7 April and is set to take effect from Friday, 10 April for at least two weeks.[158]

On 21 April, Jakarta Govt Prepares 136 Schools as Isolation Area for COVID-19 and the policy is currently still a proposal waiting for approval from the Education Office.[159]

East Java[edit source | edit]

Location of confirmed and suspected COVID-19 cases in East Java (4 May 2020).

On 15 March, the city of Malang announced that they will close all schools for two weeks. The closure will begin on 16 March.[160]

On the same day, the Governor of East Java Khofifah Indar Parawansa ordered the closure of all schools throughout the province. Educational institutions were advised to cancel any kind of student exchange until an indefinite time. However national examination in the province would not be postponed.[161]

On 16 March, the mayor of Malang Sutiaji decided to close all access to the city (lockdown), starting on 18 March. As of 16 March, there is no positive COVID-19 in Malang or the province of East Java.[162] He would later clarify that the lockdown only applies to the government of Malang, not the general populace.[163]

On 20 March, Khofifah declared a state of emergency for East Java.[164]

North Sumatra[edit source | edit]

On 31 March, the provincial government of North Sumatra declared a state of emergency until 29 May 2020.[165]

Papua[edit source | edit]

On 24 March, the provincial government of Papua decided to close any in and out access to Papua except for logistics and medical workers starting from 26 March for 14 days.[166] Indonesian Minister of Home Affairs Tito Karnavian disagreed with the decision, saying that the central government's advice to the regional governments is not to close transportation, but to ban mass gatherings.[167]

South Sumatra[edit source | edit]

On 30 March, Jakabaring Athletes Village, a former athlete's housing for the 2018 Asian Games in Palembang, was appointed by the Governor of South Sumatera Herman Deru to be the house of PUM's treatment (ODP Center). He named it as "COVID-19 Healthy House" (Rumah Sehat COVID-19).[168]

West Java[edit source | edit]

On 14 March, the city of Depok and Bogor decided to close all schools from kindergarten to senior high school until 28 March 2020.[169][170] This decision was also followed by the city of Bandung, in which the city opted to close schools for the next two weeks and advised schools to hold online teachings.[171]

On 15 March, West Java COVID-19 distribution map has been released to public.[172] The Regency of Bogor implement "semi-lockdown" on tourist area Puncak for foreign visitors, to prevent them from entering the area.[173] Jalak Harupat, Pakansari and Patriot Chandrabragha stadiums are being prepared for COVID-19 Mass Rapid Test.[174]

Applications for large-scale social distancing for Depok city, Bogor city & regency, and Bekasi city & regency, all of which belong to the Jakarta metropolitan area, were approved on 11 April and will be in effect on 15 April for at least two weeks.[175]

West Kalimantan[edit source | edit]

On 15 March, the governor decided to impose quarantine for all students from kindergarten to senior high school level in the province until a date which is yet to be decided. During the quarantine period, students must stay at their homes for studying. An exception is given for final year senior/vocational high school students on their respective national final examinations date.[176]

Others[edit source | edit]

Universities[edit source | edit]

In response of the outbreak, multiple universities opted to cancel classes and instead would teach students online.[citation needed]

On 16 March, at least 17 universities across Indonesia confirmed that conventional face-to-face lectures would be cancelled and would be replaced by online classes. Graduations and gatherings were cancelled and students and lecturers who had gone abroad from countries with confirmed coronavirus cases with any reasons should self-isolate at home. As of 14 March, numerous universities have closed their classes, such as Universitas Indonesia (UI),[177] Universitas Gajah Mada (UGM), Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB), Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember Surabaya, Universitas Gunadharma, Universitas Multimedia Nusantara (UMN), Sekolah Tinggi Akuntansi Negara (STAN), Kalbis Institut, Binus University, Universitas Atmajaya, London School Public Relations (LSPR), Universitas Yarsi, Universitas Pelita Harapan (UPH), Telkom University, Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta (UAJY),[178] Universitas Hasanuddin (UNHAS),[179] Universitas Tarumanegara (UNTAR), Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB),[180] and Universitas Al-Azhar Indonesia (UAI).[181][182]University of Brawijaya, a university in Malang, creates a disinfection chamber as an effort to contain the coronavirus.[183]

Corporations[edit source | edit]

On 14 March, Tokopedia and Gojek have begun trial for work at home operations.[184][185]

On 15 March, Unilever Indonesia announced work-from-home policy for their office site, this policy will be started on 16 March until further notice.[186]

On 16 March, Telkomsel, Bank Mandiri, Indonesian Financial Transaction Reports and Analysis Centre and Bank Indonesia announced work-from-home and split-team policy, these policies will be started on 17 March until further notice.[187][188][189]

On 28 March, Indonesia Air Asia (QZ) suspend all domestic and international flights to overcome spread of pandemic. All domestic flights suspended between 1 April and 21 April 2020 while international flights between 1 April and 17 May 2020.[190] AirAsia to resume operations in Indonesia on 7 May.[191]

Mayapada Group founder, Dato Sri Tahir donated Rp. 52b in form of Personal protective equipment, medical drugs, disinfectant, operational vehicles and also accommodation.[192]

On 31 March, Grab donated US$10 Mio to reduce COVID-19 impact in Indonesia.[193]

Societal organizations[edit source | edit]

On 16 March, Indonesian Council of Ulama (MUI) and Muhammadiyah urge to substitute Friday prayer with Zuhr prayer and not to attend any religious activities within heavily virus-plagued areas.[194][195]

On 31 March, Muhammadiyah advises Muslims to not perform tarawih in Ramadan and Idul Fitri prayers.[196]

Travel restrictions[edit source | edit]

Indonesia has denied transit and entry for all foreign visitors since 2 April.[197][198]

Indonesians who returned from China, South Korea, Italy, Iran, United Kingdom, Vatican City, France, Spain, Germany, and Switzerland were subject to additional health screening and a 14-day stay-at-home notice or quarantine depending on appearing symptoms.[199]

Garuda Indonesia, Citilink, Lion Air, Batik Air, and Sriwijaya Air cancelled several flights and grounded their aircraft. Meanwhile Indonesia AirAsia cancelled all flights. International airlines have either temporarily suspended services or continue operating with reduced frequency. Other airlines such as China Airlines and Etihad Airways choose to continue their services as usual.[200][201]

From 24 April until 8 June, the government suspends all passenger to travel outside areas with at least one confirmed case, regions that had imposed large-scale social restrictions (PSBB), and those that had been declared COVID-19 red zones. The ban applies to all types of public and private transportation by air, sea, land, and railway, except for vehicles carrying leaders of state institutions, police and military vehicles, ambulances, fire trucks, hearses and vehicles transporting logistical supplies, staple goods and medicines.[83]

Criticism[edit source | edit]

Failure to detect the virus[edit source | edit]

Health experts are concerned that the country is failing to identify the transmission of the virus.[202] Marc Lipsitch, professor of epidemiology at the Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, "analysed air traffic out of the Chinese city at the centre of the outbreak in China and suggested in a report ... that Indonesia might have missed cases" of coronavirus disease 2019.[203][204][205] Western diplomats[206][207][208] as well as local[202][209] and international[210][211][212] news outlets postulated that the lack of cases within Indonesia result from inadequate testing and under reporting, as opposed to sheer luck and divine intervention.[213][214]

On 22 March, a research suggested that the official number of infections may only reflect 2% of the real COVID-19 infections in Indonesia.[215][216] According to The Jakarta Post on 5 April 2020, the central government has only conducted a daily average of 240 PCR tests since 2 March.[217]

Budget for foreign social media influencers[edit source | edit]

The government faced backlash after instead pledging to set aside IDR 72 billion ($5m) to pay for social media influencers to attract tourists to Indonesia.[218]

Lack of transparency[edit source | edit]

Indonesian president Joko Widodo is also criticized by Indonesian Chamber of Commerce and Industry,[219] human rights groups,[220] and also by political party such as Golkar and PKS[221][222] for lack of transparency regarding the information of the COVID-19. Widodo have insisted not to share the travel history details of the patients that tested positive with coronavirus in an attempt to reduce panic and uneasiness in the general public.[223] The public had asked the government to release official national map of COVID-19 confirmed cases' location, as unofficial independent maps may provide incorrect data.[224]

Tests and treatment[edit source | edit]

Reports have surfaced about patients in Greater Jakarta having to wait for a long time to get tests or treatment for possible cases of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) as referral hospitals face the increasing strain.[225]

Lockdown policies[edit source | edit]

Joko Widodo has come under increased pressure to impose a partial lockdown on virus-plagued areas, with scientists saying the country is racing against time to curb the spread of COVID-19 before Eid al-Fitr and that a community quarantine could be the only solution to do exactly that.[226] On 16 March, Jokowi said lockdown policies are the authority of the central government, and warned the local government to not impose lockdown without the consent of the central authority.[227]

On 27 March, dozens of Indonesian medical professors have called for "local lockdowns", saying that the government's policy of physical distancing is not "effective". The government is drafting a regulation (PP) to stipulate the procedures and requirements for imposing regional quarantines.[228][229]

Censorship[edit source | edit]

Some critics of the government have been arrested for allegedly spreading false information about the coronavirus pandemic.[230]

Additional death rates excluded from official counts[edit source | edit]

According to a report from Reuters, as of 28 April 2020, there were around 2,200 patients who had died with coronavirus symptoms, but not included into the official death toll of 693. This suggests that Indonesia has a higher death rate than the official counts.[231] An analysis by Financial Times showed that there were 1,400 more deaths in Jakarta compared to the historical average number of deaths in March and April. This excess deaths figure is 15 times the official figure of 90 COVID-19 deaths in this same period.[232]

Evasion of travel restrictions[edit source | edit]

"Ramadan exodus" contributed to the spread of the virus in Indonesia,[233] despite government regulations on social distancing and despite a lockdown slated to run until June.[234]

Also, despite the travel restrictions which suspends all passengers to travel outside areas with at least one confirmed case, many Indonesians disregarded it and have attempted to evade the travel restrictions in order to return to hometown during Eid al-Fitr season. This has caused scientists to raise concern that this evasion will lead to the diseases which can spread easily from Jakarta and nearby satellite cities, where it is the epicenter of the pandemic, to other regions of Indonesia with weak medical facilities which are unable to handle large numbers of outbreak.[235]

There are also few attempts on evading the travel restrictions which had been discovered by the police department, such as one of the cargo trucks was stopped only to found out the intermodal container is hiding a car with passengers inside to be transported from Java to Sumatra, and additional four cargo trucks were also detained when the driver attempting to bring 20 passengers from Jakarta inside the containers which were covered with tarpaulin.[235]

Lack of safety in tobacco industries[edit source | edit]

Despite the temporary closure of the HM Sampoerna due to two workers died from coronavirus, with additional 63 workers were test positive, Pandu Riono, the epidemiologist from University of Indonesia reported that other cigarette factories in East and West Java continue to operate without practicing social distancing and workers never wear face mask. This sparks concern that the cigarette factories could create new cluster for the coronavirus outbreak considering that this industry usually has large workforce.[235]

Impact[edit source | edit]

Jakartans rush to panic-buy toilet rolls, food supplies, masks, hand sanitizers, etc.

Socioeconomic[edit source | edit]

Surgical face masks in Indonesia have soared in price by over six times the original retail value from around IDR 30,000 to IDR 185,000 (some sources said it exceeds IDR 300,000) per box in some outlets after the announcement of two citizens test positive for the new coronavirus.[236] Panic buying had been reported since mid-February before the first cases were confirmed.[237] President of Indonesia Joko Widodo has warned against hoarding of face masks and hand sanitizers[238] and Indonesian National Police has started to crack down on suspected hoarders.[239]

Census[edit source | edit]

Economic[edit source | edit]

Following the worldwide trend of stock price drops, the IDX Composite weakened even before the first confirmation of the disease in Indonesia.[240] In response to expected economic slowdown in Indonesia due to loss of Chinese economic activity, Bank Indonesia cut its interest rates by 25 basis points to 4.75% on 20 February.[241]

On 12 March, as WHO declares pandemic, IDX Composite tumbled 4.2 percent to 4,937 when Thursday's session was opened, a level unseen in almost four years.[242]

On 13 March, equity trading halted for first time since 2008 over pandemic.[243]

On 17 March, Rupiah weakens to IDR 15,000 per dollar, touching a level unseen since October 2018.[244][245]

JKSE Composite Index 14 days after case#1 (2 March 2020)

On 19 March, IDX Composite halted because of the sharp downturn of more than 5 percent. This is the fourth trading halt that IDX Composite experienced during the coronavirus crisis. Indonesia Financial Service Authority or OJK have mandated a suspension of trading if IDX Composite fell down more than 15 percent.[246]

Numbers of shopping malls started to voluntarily close due to declining foot traffic; only pharmacies, groceries and ATM still operate with limited hours.[247]

Indonesian Finance Minister predicted that Indonesian economic growth Q2 can drop to 0.3 percent or even minus 2.6 percent, but in Q3 can recover to 1.5 to 2.8 percent.[248]

Indonesia's economic growth in the first quarter of 2020 stood at 2.97 percent, but it is the weakest economic growth recorded since 2001.[249]

Sports, tourism, and leisure[edit source | edit]

Indonesian tourism has been severely affected. In March, overall tourist numbers has fallen by 64%, and Chinese tourists by 97%.[250] Bali, where tourism accounts for 60% of GRP, has saw its foreign tourist arrivals fallen by 93.2% in April.[251] Hotels are taking on a meager occupancy rate, with some hotels experiencing 5% and even 0% occupancy rate due to overspecialization on Chinese visitors, increasing travel restrictions from source countries, and an overall fear of the virus.[252] There is, however, an increase in interest for domestic tourism,[253] and Chinese tourists already on the island have generally opted to extend their stay.[254] All beaches in Bali are temporarily closed for public.[255] The Papua National Sports Week (PON) 2020, which was initially slated for October, will be postponed.[256]

A beach in Padang appear to be quiet as the Indonesian government calls on the public to implement social distancing

Jakarta ePrix race of the 2019–20 Formula E season will also be postponed due to coronavirus concerns.[257] The city's Capital Investment and One-Stop Service (PM-PTSP) announced it plans to postpone any public events with mass-gatherings from March to April following the news of increasing number of COVID-19 cases to 27.[258]

Numerous music events such has by Rich Brian, Hammersonic, Dream Theater, Babymetal, Slipknot, ONE OK ROCK, and electronic dance music festival "We Are Connected" has been suspended in the country because of the coronavirus concerns.[259][260][261][262][263]Template:Citation overkill

Several local films, such as KKN di Desa Penari, Tersanjung The Movie, and Generasi 90-an: Melankolia, has been delayed, also because of the novel coronavirus pandemic.[264][265][266]

Indonesia International Motor Show 2020 will be postponed due to the coronavirus crisis.[267]

Indonesian Wikipedia gathering (along with other Indonesian languages edition, such as Javanese Wikipedia, Sundanese Wikipedia, Minangkabau Wikipedia, etc.) called "WikiNusantara" (similar to Wikimania but on national scale) scheduled at the end of March in Padang is cancelled.[268]

Notable people[edit source | edit]

Confirmed cases[edit source | edit]

Notable individuals confirmed positive for COVID-19
No Name Announcement date Status Status date Note
1 Muhammad Budi Hidayat 13 March 2020 Recovered[269][270] 25 March 2020 Head of Class I Port Health Office of Surabaya
2 Budi Karya Sumadi 14 March 2020[271] Recovered[272] 15 April 2020 Minister of Transportation
3 Andrea Dian [id] 18 March 2020[273] Recovered[274] 5 April 2020 Actress
4 Bima Arya Sugiarto 19 March 2020[275] Recovered[276] 11 April 2020 Mayor of Bogor
5 Detri Warmanto [id] 20 March 2020[277] Recovered[278] 26 March 2020 Actor
6 Yana Mulyana 23 March 2020[279] Recovered[280] 27 March 2020 Vice Mayor of Bandung
7 Cellica Nurrachadiana 24 March 2020[281] Recovered[282] 13 April 2020 Regent of Karawang
8 Zulfikri 24 March 2020[283] Recovered[284] 28 April 2020 Director General of Railroad Affairs, Ministry of Transportation
9 Lely Pelitasari 24 March 2020[285] Recovered[286] 8 April 2020 Vice Chair of Ombudsman of Indonesia [id]
10 Ninik Rahayu 24 March 2020[285] Recovered[286] 8 April 2020 Member of the Ombudsman of Indonesia
11 Idrus Andi Paturusi 25 March 2020[287][288] Recovered[289] 2 April 2020 Former rector of Hasanuddin University
12 Wander Luiz 27 March 2020[290] Recovered[291] 15 April 2020 Football player for Persib Bandung
13 Muhammad Ichsan Mustari 27 March 2020[292] Recovered[293] 7 April 2020 Head of Health Office of South Sulawesi
14 Yayan Yuliana 28 March 2020[294][295] Recovered[296] 14 April 2020 Head of Environment Office of Bekasi
15 Elisa Bunga Allo 29 March 2020[297] Recovered[298] 7 April 2020 Member of Regional People's Representative Council of Central Sulawesi
16 Tung Desem Waringin [jv] 30 March 2020[299] Recovered[300] 10 April 2020 Business motivator
17 Hera Nugrahayu 1 April 2020[301] Recovered[302] 24 May 2020 Regional Secretary of Palangka Raya
18 Andi Darussalam Tabusalla 7 April 2020[303] Recovered[304] 21 April 2020 Former Indonesia national football team manager
19 Reni Indayani 12 April 2020[305] Recovered[306] 13 May 2020 Wife of Vice Mayor of Prabumulih
20 Syahrul 13 April 2020[307] Deceased[308] 28 April 2020 Mayor of Tanjung Pinang
21 Twindy Rarasati [id] 15 April 2020[309] Recovered[310] 2 May 2020 Actress
22 Victor Datuan Batara [id] 16 April 2020[311] Recovered[312] 29 April 2020 Vice Regent of Tana Toraja
23 Fairid Naparin [id] 28 April 2020[313] Recovered[314] 20 May 2020 Mayor of Palangka Raya
24 Ali Ibrahim 28 May 2020[315] Recovered[316] 25 June 2020 Mayor of Tidore
25 Panji [id] 2 June 2020[317] Recovered[318] 20 June 2020 Regent of Melawi
26 Tri Maharani [id] 12 June 2020[319] Recovered[320] 18 June 2020 Toxinologist specializing in snake venoms and Head of Indonesian Toxinology Society
27 Sulamah 31 May 2020[321] Deceased[322] 31 May 2020 Wife of Mayor of Tidore

Deaths[edit source | edit]

Notable individuals who died from COVID-19
No Date of death Announcement date Place of death Name Status Notes
1 21 March 2020 22 March 2020 Gatot Soebroto Army Central Hospital Djoko Judodjoko, dr., Sp.B[323] COVID-19 (+)
2 19 March 2020 22 March 2020 Cimahi Toni Daniel Silitonga, dr.[323] Fatigue – Heart Attack[324]
3 22 March 2020 Hadio Ali, dr., Sp.S[323] COVID-19 (+)
4 22 March 2020 Adi Mirsaputra, dr., Sp.THT[323] COVID-19 (+)
5 22 March 2020 Ucok Martin, dr., Sp.P[323] COVID-19 (+)
6 22 March 2020 Laurentius Panggabean, dr., Sp.kJ[323] COVID-19 (+)
7 22 March 2020 23 March 2020 Eka Hospital Bumi Serpong Damai Capt Sutopo Putro[325][326][327] COVID-19 (+) Pilot of Lion Air
8 23 March 2020 23 March 2020 Persahabatan Central General Hospital, East Jakarta Prof. Dr. Bambang Sutrisna, dr., MHSc[328] COVID-19 (+) Professor of Faculty of Public Health, University of Indonesia
9 24 March 2020 24 March 2020 Dr. Sardjito Central General Hospital, Yogyakarta Prof. Iwan Dwiprahasto, dr., M.Med.Sc., Ph.D.[329] COVID-19 (+) Pharmacology professor of Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing, Gadjah Mada University
10 24 March 2020 24 March 2020 Amir Sambodo[330] COVID-19 (+) the ministry's expert staff member
11 22 March 2020 25 March 2020 Persahabatan Central General Hospital, East Jakarta Dany Unardi Umar[331][332] COVID-19 (+) Director of PricewaterhouseCoopers Indonesia
12 26 March 2020 26 March 2020 Hasan Sadikin Hospital, Bandung Exenveny Lalopua, dr.[333] COVID-19 (+)
13 26 March 2020 27 March 2020 Bekasi Regional General Hospital Bartholomeus Bayu Satrio Kukuh Wibowo, dr.[334][335] COVID-19 (+)
14 27 March 2020 27 March 2020 Hasan Sadikin Hospital (RSHS), Bandung Ir. H. Gatot Tjahjono, M.M.[336] COVID-19 (+) Deputy Chairperson, West Java regional representative council of PDI-P
15 27 March 2020 27 March 2020 Kariadi General Hospital, Semarang, Central Java Imam Suroso[337] COVID-19 (+) Member of Commission IX, People's Representative Council
16 27 March 2020 27 March 2020 Bogor Regional General Hospital Yuniarto Budi Santosa, drg., M. km.[338][339] COVID-19 (+) Head of Health Office, Bogor City
17 26 March 2020 27 March 2020 Tangerang Regency Regional General Hospital Willy Dreeskandar[340][341] COVID-19 (+) Former automotive journalist
18 12 Maret 2020 31 March 2020 Prof. Dr. Sulianti Saroso Infectious Diseases Hospital, North Jakarta Ninuk Dwi Pusponingrum[342] COVID-19 (+) Nurse of dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo National Central General Hospital
19 30 March 2020 31 March 2020 Mohammad Hoesin General Hospital in Palembang, South Sumatra H. Efrizal Syamsudin, dr., M.M.[343][344] COVID-19 (+) Director of Prabumulih Regional General Hospital
20 31 March 2020 31 March 2020 Pelni General Hospital, West Jakarta Ratih Purwarini, dr.[343][344] COVID-19 (+) RS. Duta Indah Director
21 2 April 2020 2 April 2020 Mintoharjo Navy Hospital, Jakarta Laksma TNI (Purn) dr Jeane P.M.R. Winaktu[345][346] COVID-19 (+) Former Chief of the Navy Health Service Dr. Mintohardjo
22 2 April 2020 2 April 2020 Mintoharjo Navy Hospital, Jakarta Lt. Col. Mulatsih[347] COVID-19 (+) Head of the Cilandak Marine Hospital nurse department
23 2 April 2020 3 April 2020 dr. Wahidin Sudirohusodo Central General Hospital, Makassar Aptripel Tumimomor[348] COVID-19 (+) Regent of North Morowali
24 3 April 2020 4 April 2020 RS dr. Wahidin Sudirohusodo, Makassar dr Bernadette Albertine Fransisca T, SpTHT-KL[349] COVID-19 (+)
25 3 April 2020 4 April 2020 Medistra Hospital, Jakarta dr Ketty Herawati Sultana[349] COVID-19 (+)
26 3 April 2020 4 April 2020 Persahabatan Central General Hospital, Jakarta Dr dr Lukman Shebubakar SpOT, PhD[349] COVID-19 (+) Orthopedic Doctor at Premier Bintaro Hospital
27 4 April 2020 5 April 2020 Siloam Hospital Sepanjang Jaya, Rawalumbu, Bekasi Lukman Nulhakim[350][351] COVID-19 (+) North Bekasi Head
28 5 April 2020 drg Umi Susana Widjaja, SpPM[352] COVID-19 (+)
29 5 April 2020 drg Yuniarto Budi Santoso, MKM[352] COVID-19 (+)
30 5 April 2020 drg Amutabia P Artsianti, SpOrt[352] COVID-19 (+)
31 5 April 2020 drg Roselani Widajati Orang, SpProst[352] COVID-19 (+)
32 5 April 2020 drg Gunawan Oentaryo, MKes[352] COVID-19 (+)
33 5 April 2020 Pertamina Central Hospital, Jakarta dr. Heru Sutantyo [352] Patient Under Supervision
34 5 April 2020 Prof. Dr. dr. Nasrin Kodim, MPH[352] COVID-19 (+) Professor of Epidemiology, FKM UI
35 5 April 2020 Sugiarto, Amd, Kep[353] Patient Under Supervision Nurse of Gatot Soebroto Army Hospital
36 5 April 2020 Harmoko, SKep Ns SH MH(Kes) [353] Patient Under Supervision Nurse of Tambak Aji Public Health Center
37 5 April 2020 Setia Aribowo, Amd, Kep[353] Patient Under Supervision Nurse of RS Premier Bintaro
38 5 April 2020 Mursyida, Amd, Kep[353] Patient Under Supervision Nurse of Kp. Teleng Public Health Center
39 5 April 2020 Pelni Hospital, Jakarta dr Wahyu Hidayat SpTHT[354] Patient Under Supervision
40 6 April 2020 6 April 2020 Pertamina Central Hospital, Jakarta dr Naek L. Tobing, SpKJ[355] COVID-19 (+)
41 7 April 2020 7 April 2020 RS Fatmawati dr Karnely Herlena[356] Patient Under Supervision Head of Elderly Women's Courts of Ministry of Health
42 6 April 2020 8 April 2020 Dr Koesma Hospital, Tuban Zaenal Khabib, S Kep, Ns[357] Patient Under Supervision Nurse of Dr Koesma Hospital, Tuban
43 8 April 2020 8 April 2020 Mitra Keluarga Hospital, Kelapa Gading Adharul Anam, S, Kep[357] Patient Under Supervision Nurse of Mitra Keluarga Hospital, Kelapa Gading
44 9 April 2020 Nuria Kurniasih, AMK[358] Patient Under Supervision[359] Nurse of Dr Kariadi Central Hospital
45 9 April 2020 Nur Putri Julianty, AMK[358] Patient Under Supervision[359] Nurse of Andhika Hospital
46 25 March 2020 10 April 2020 Murni Teguh Hospital, Medan H Syamsul Bahri Batubara, SH[360][361] COVID-19 (+) Chairman of Commission E, Golkar fraction, North Sumatra Regional People's Representative Council
47 11 April 2020 12 April 2020 RSPAD Gatot Subroto Novera [362] Patient Under Supervision Nurse of RSPAD Gatot Subroto
48 11 April 2020 12 April 2020 Eka Hospital, Bumi Serpong Damai, Banten Elok Widyaningsih [362] Patient Under Supervision Nurse of Eka Hospital, Bumi Serpong Damai, Banten
49 10 April 2020 13 April 2020 Hasan Sadikin Hospital Bandung dr. Soekotjo Soerodiwirio SP, RAD[363] COVID-19 (+) A pioneer of radiology at Padjadjaran University and Hasan Sadikin Hospital in Bandung
50 12 April 2020 13 April 2020 Persahabatan Central Hospital, Jakarta dr. Sudadi Hirawan, MS, Sp.Ok[363] COVID-19 (+) Medical Teacher and fostering Occupational Medicine Specialist Study Program, Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia
51 13 April 2020 13 April 2020 Capt Didiek Samihadi[364] COVID-19 (+) Pilot of Sriwijaya Air
52 15 April 2020 15 April 2020 RS Ulin Banjarmasin Prof. Dr. dr. H Hasan Zain SpP[365] COVID-19 (+) Former director of Islamic Hospital of Banjarmasin and Ulin Regional General Hospital, Banjarmasin
53 16 April 2020 16 April 2020 Bengkulu dr. Prijambodo Miloredjo, SpP[366] Patient Under Supervision
54 16 April 2020 16 April 2020 RS Siloam Hospital, Surabaya Hastuti Yulistiorini, Amd. Kep.[367] COVID-19 (+) Senior nurse of RS Siloam Hospital, Surabaya
55 17 April 2020 17 April 2020 Pelni Hospital, Jakarta Lukman Niode[368] COVID-19 (+) Former swimming athlete of the 1984 Summer Olympics
56 17 April 2020 17 April 2020 RS Premier, Surabaya Mohammad Nadjikh[369] COVID-19 (+) Indonesian businessperson
57 19 April 2020 19 April 2020 Hasan Sadikin Hospital Bandung Tobias Prawira Tumbuan[370] COVID-19 (+) Academic assistant at dynamics lab of FTMD ITB
58 19 April 2020 20 April 2020 Tarakan Regional General Hospital, Jakarta Shelly Ziendia Putri[371] Patient Under Supervision Nurse of Emergency Ambulance (AGD)
59 25 April 2020 25 April 2020 Pasar Rebo Regional General Hospital, East Jakarta Reno Tri Palupi, AMK[372] Patient Under Supervision Nurse of Pasar Rebo Public Regional Hospital, East Jakarta
60 25 April 2020 26 April 2020 Raden Said Sukanto Grade I Police Hospital, East Jakarta dr Michael Robert Marampe[373][374] Patient Under Supervision Doctor of Permata Bunda Hospital, Bekasi
61 27 April 2020 28 April 2020 dr. M. Soewandhie Regional General Hospital, Surabaya Berkatnu Indrawan Janguk, dr.[375] COVID-19 (+) Doctor of dr. M. Soewandhie Regional General Hospital
62 28 April 2020 28 April 2020 Raja Ahmad Tabib Regional General Hospital, Tanjung Pinang Syahrul[308] COVID-19 (+) Mayor of Tanjung Pinang
63 2 May 2020 3 May 2020 Prof. Dr. Sulianti Saroso Infectious Diseases Hospital, North Jakarta Heri Soesilo[376] COVID-19 (+) Nurse of Prof. Dr. Sulianti Saroso Infectious Diseases Hospital
64 3 May 2020 4 May 2020 Police Hospital, Makassar Muhammad Ali Tappa[377] Patient Under Supervision Police Inspector 2nd Class at the Makassar City Police
65 11 May 2020 11 May 2020 Persahabatan Central General Hospital, East Jakarta Stan Isakh[378] Patient Under Supervision Musician
66 31 May 2020 1 June 2020 Regional General Hospital of Ternate Sulamah[315] COVID-19 (+) Wife of Mayor of Tidore
67 31 May 2020 1 June 2020 Undaan Wetan Adi Husada Hospital, Surabaya I. S. Tjahyadi, dr., Sp.PD.[379] Patient Under Supervision Medical doctor of Undaan Wetan Adi Husada Hospital

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