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COVID-19 pandemic in Michigan

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COVID-19 pandemic in Michigan
COVID-19 Cases in MI as of May 14.png
Map of confirmed cases by county as of May 14, 2020
   >10,000 confirmed cases
   1,000–9,999 confirmed cases
   500–999 confirmed cases
   100–499 confirmed cases
   50–99 confirmed cases
   10–49 confirmed cases
   1–9 confirmed cases
   No reported cases
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationMichigan, United States
First caseWayne County, Oakland County
Arrival dateMarch 10, 2020
Confirmed cases50,079[1]
Recovered22,686 (as of May 8)[2][lower-alpha 1]
Official website

The COVID-19 pandemic first appeared in the U.S. state of Michigan on March 10, 2020. As of May 15, 50,079 cases of COVID-19 have been reported by the state, causing 4,825 deaths.[1] The state passed 50,000 cases on May 15.[1] Michigan has the seventh highest number of cases in the United States, and the fourth most amount of deaths.[3] Currently, 79 of Michigan's 83 counties have been impacted, with 59 of them reporting deaths.[3] On March 27, U.S. Surgeon General Jerome Adams dubbed Metro Detroit, which has a large majority of the cases, a “hot spot”.[4] With more than 10,000 positive tests and over 1,200 deaths, the city of Detroit has a majority of the state's cases.[5] As of May 8, 22,686 people in the state have recovered from COVID-19.[2]

The national coronavirus outbreak triggered a state of emergency response at the state level on March 10 (Executive Order 2020-04), followed by Governor Gretchen Whitmer announcing the closure of all K–12 school buildings until April 5.[6][7][8] Face-to-face instruction for all Michigan schools was later suspended for the remainder of the 2019–20 school year, with guidelines implemented to transition students to home learning formats.[9] On March 16, Governor Whitmer ordered bars, restaurants, entertainment venues, and other businesses to partially close for two weeks and later banned events and gatherings of more than 50 from March 17 – April 5.[10][11] She has also issued a pair of executive orders to prevent price gouging, one to halt tenant evictions, one to help curb the spread of the virus in medical facilities throughout the state, as well as one closing "non-essential personal care service" facilities such as nail and hair salons and one banning non-essential veterinary visits.[12][13][14][15][16][17] On March 24, a statewide stay-at-home order was issued, limiting all non-essential travel and discontinuing all non-essential business services and operations.[18] It was originally set to expire on April 13, but was extended until April 30 with several new social distancing restrictions.[19][20][21][22][23] The order was later extended to May 15, with some restrictions lifted and others added, such as mandatory face covering usage in public buildings and businesses.[24] The order was later extended again until May 28 and added modifications of the restrictions from previous orders.[25][26] The face mask requirement was a factor in the killing of a security guard at a Family Dollar store in Flint, after a woman refused to wear a mask and was denied entry, leading to the arrests of a family of four people, in which a 23-year-old man was charged with first degree murder.[27][28]

Additionally, major colleges and universities within the state switched instruction to alternate remote learning formats and canceled large social events and gatherings.[29][30] The outbreak also caused many corporations and businesses to alter capacity and operations in order to adapt to the progression of cases, and many major collegiate and professional sports seasons were postponed or canceled.[31][32][33][34][35][36][37]

The state legislature approved $125 million to aid in relief efforts on March 17, and Governor Whitmer called in the Michigan Army National Guard to assist with supply distribution the next day,[38][39] which subsequently fueled rumors of a potential shift to martial law within the state. Whitmer later dismissed this as false.[40] The state legislature allocated an additional $150 million for medical supplies and personal protective equipment for hospitals on March 30.[41] Governor Whitmer requested a major disaster declaration on March 26, which President Donald Trump granted on March 28.[42] On May 13, the Michigan Unemployment Insurance Agency reported 1.375 million people have received benefits since the state of emergency was declared two months prior.[43]

Timeline[edit source | edit]

March[edit source | edit]

March 10–17[edit source | edit]

March 10:

March 11:

  • No new cases were confirmed.
  • Several universities and colleges moved to online education plus initiated various extensions, postponements, and alterations to academic schedules.[29]

March 12:

  • Ten new presumptive-positive cases, for a state total of 12.[44]
  • In response to the increase in cases, Governor Whitmer announced the statewide closure of all K-12 school buildings, effective March 16 and extending through April 5.[45]

March 13:

  • Thirteen presumptive-positive cases were announced, bringing the state's total to 25.[46]

March 14:

  • Eight more cases confirmed, for a total of 33.[47]

March 15:

  • Twenty more cases confirmed, for a total of 53.[48][49]

March 16:

  • One more case confirmed, for a total of 54.[50]
  • The statewide closure of all K-12 school buildings began.[45]

March 17:

  • Eleven more cases confirmed, for a total of 65.[51]

March 18–24[edit source | edit]

March 18:

  • Fifteen cases confirmed for an official total of 80. The state's first death was confirmed at Beaumont Health in Wayne County, a Southgate man in his 50s with underlying health conditions.[52] Two more deaths reported: an 81-year old in Detroit and a woman in her 50s with underlying health conditions in Pontiac.[53]
  • Eaton County confirmed its first case, which was not included in the state's earlier total.[citation needed]
  • Later in the day, Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS) disclosed 30 more cases without information on the locations of these cases. The state's total was estimated at 110, with one source reporting as many as 116.[54][52]

March 19:

  • The official count was updated to 336 positive cases, which included private tests from the previous two weeks that had not been included in prior totals. However, later in the day, one case each in Isabella and Genesee counties were removed from the government tally due to errors in reporting, decreasing the total to 334.[55]

March 20:

  • The state reports 215 cases were confirmed and 10 more were re-classified, for a state-wide total of 549.[56]
  • Additional cases in Ottawa and Barry counties were confirmed at the county-level. Genesee County also confirmed their first four positive cases, one of which was included in the earlier state total.[57]
  • A fourth death, a man in Oakland County in his 50s with underlying health conditions, was confirmed.[58]

March 21:

  • The number of cases rose to 787, with a fifth death confirmed, a person in Detroit.[59] Three more deaths were confirmed later that day, one each in Macomb, Oakland, and Kent counties, for a total of eight.[60]

March 22:

  • The official state total rose to 1,035, after 249 positive cases were confirmed.[61]
  • Washtenaw County announced its first death, an older man with underlying health conditions who died at Michigan Medicine Health System, bringing the statewide death toll to nine.[62]

March 23:

  • The state reports 293 more cases were confirmed, for a total of 1,328, as well as seven new deaths, for a total of 16.[63]

March 24:

  • The state reports 463 more cases were confirmed, for a total of 1,791, as well as nine new deaths, for a total of 25.[64]
  • Statewide stay-at-home order begins, limiting all non-essential travel and discontinuing all non-essential business services and operations.[18]

March 25–31[edit source | edit]

March 25:

  • The totals rose to 2,295 cases and 43 deaths, with Wayne County accounting for nearly half of the positive cases and deaths in the state.[65]

March 26 :

  • The state reports 561 more cases were confirmed, for a total of 2,856, as well as 17 new deaths for a total of 60.[65]
  • Several cases were reclassified when the state of Michigan began reporting the Michigan Department of Corrections as its own jurisdiction.[66][67]

March 27:

  • The state reports 801 more cases were confirmed for a total of 3,657, as well as 32 new deaths for a total of 92 deaths.[68]

March 28:

  • The state reports 993 more cases were confirmed, for a total of 4,650, as well as 19 new deaths for a total of 111 deaths.[69]

March 29:

  • The state reports 846 more cases were confirmed, for a total of 5,486, as well as 21 new deaths, for a total of 132.[70]

March 30:

  • The state reports 1,012 more cases were confirmed, for a total of 6,498, as well as 52 new deaths, for a total of 184.[71]

March 31:

  • The state reports 1,117 more cases were confirmed, for a total of 7,615, as well as 75 new deaths, for a total of 259.[72]
  • As of this date, Michigan ranked third nationally for coronavirus-related deaths, behind New York and New Jersey.[73]

April[edit source | edit]

April 1–7[edit source | edit]

April 1:

  • The state reports 1,719 more cases were confirmed, for a total of 9,334, as well as 78 new deaths, for a total of 337.[74]
  • The Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS) published it had made a request to the federal Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services to temporarily waive a number of Medicaid requirements in order to keep Michigan's most vulnerable residents safe during the COVID-19 pandemic.[75]
Movie theater sign in Mount Pleasant.

April 2:

  • The state reports 1,417 more cases were confirmed, for a total of 10,791, as well as 80 new deaths, for a total of 417.[76]
  • MDHSS issued an Emergency Order requiring compliance with the state's Executive Orders under penalty of civil fines up to $1,000 and referral to licensing agencies for enforcement.[77]

April 3:

  • The state reports 1,953 more cases were confirmed, for a total of 12,744, as well as 62 new deaths, for a total of 479.[78]
  • The state confirms 56 people have recovered from COVID-19 as of this date.[79]

April 4:

  • The state reports 1,081 more cases were confirmed, for a total of 14,225, as well as 61 new deaths, for a total of 540.[80]
  • MDHHS issued an Emergency Order requiring funeral homes and doctors to report COVID-19 deaths more quickly as rapid notice will slow spread of the virus.[81]

April 5: The state reports 1,493 more cases were confirmed, for a total of 15,718, as well as 77 new deaths, for a total of 617.[82]

April 6: The state reports 1,503 more cases were confirmed, for a total of 17,221, as well as 110 new deaths, for a total of 727.[83]

April 7:

  • The state reports 1,749 more cases were confirmed, for a total of 18,970, as well as 118 new deaths, for a total of 845.[84]
  • Mason County confirmed its first case and Oceana County confirmed its first death.[85]

April 8–14[edit source | edit]

April 8:

  • The state reports 1,376 more cases were confirmed, for a total of 20,346, as well as 114 new deaths, for a total of 959.[86]
  • Michigan became the third state to reach more than 20,000 cases on that date.[86]

April 9:

  • The state reports 1,158 more cases were confirmed, for a total of 21,504, as well as 117 more deaths, for a total of 1,076.[87]
  • Three more counties – Delta, Monroe and Ottawa – reported their first death.[87]
  • Governor Whitmer extended the stay-at-home order through April 30 and added several new social distancing restrictions.[88][19][20][21][22]

April 10:

  • The state reports 1,279 more cases were reported, for a total of 22,783, and 205 more deaths, for a total of 1,281. It is the most deaths in a single day since COVID-19 came to the state.[89]
  • The state confirms 433 people have recovered from COVID-19 as of this date, 377 more than the previous week.[90]

April 11:

  • The state reported 1,210 cases for a total of 23,993 and 111 more deaths, for a total of 1,392.[91]
  • Bay County reports its first death, an elderly man who was hospitalized in Saginaw.[92]

April 12:

  • The state reports 645 more cases for a total of 24,638, and 95 more deaths, for a total of 1,487.[93]
  • Shiawassee County reports its first death, a man in his 30s with underlying health conditions.[94]

April 13:

  • The state reports 997 new cases, for a total of 25,636, and 115 new deaths, for a total of 1,602.[95]
  • Barry County reports its first death from COVID-19, a 59-year-old woman.[96]

April 14: The state reports 1,366 new cases, for a total of 27,001, and 166 new deaths, for a total of 1,768.[97]

April 15–21[edit source | edit]

April 15: The state reports 1,058 more cases, for a total of 28,059, as well as 153 more deaths, for a total of 1,921.[98]

April 16: The state reports 1,204 more cases, for a total of 29,263, as well as 172 more deaths, for a total of 2,093.[99]

April 17:

  • The state reports 760 more cases, for a total of 30,023, as well as 134 more deaths, for a total of 2,227.[100]
  • The state reports 3,237 people have recovered from COVID-19 as of this date, 2,804 more than last week.[101]

April 18:

  • The state reports 768 more cases, for a total of 30,791, as well as 81 more deaths, for a total of 2,308.[102]

April 19: The state reports 633 more cases, for a total of 31,424, as well as 83 more deaths, for a total of 2,391.[103]

April 20:

  • The state reports 576 more cases, for a total of 32,000, as well as 77 more deaths, for a total of 2,468.[104]
  • The amount of new cases of in a single day is the lowest since March 26, while the single-day death total is the lowest since April 5.[104]

April 21:

  • The state reports 967 more cases, for a total of 32,967, as well as 232 more deaths, for a total of 2,700.[105]
  • The number of deaths was the highest since the outbreak began. The previous high was on April 10, with 205.[105]

April 22–30[edit source | edit]

April 22: The state reports 999 more cases, for a total of 33,966, as well as 183 more deaths, for a total 2,813.[106]

April 23: The state reports 1,325 new cases, for a total of 35,291, as well as 164 more deaths, for a total of 2,977.[107]

April 24:

  • The state reports 1,350 new cases, for a total of 36,641, as well as 108 new deaths, for a total of 3,085.[108]
  • The stay-at-home order was extended to May 15, with some restrictions lifted and others added.[24]
  • The state also reports 8,342 people have now recovered from COVID-19 as of this date, more than double of the 3,237 reported a week ago.[109]

April 25:

  • The state reports 562 more cases, for a total of 37,203, and 189 more deaths, for a total of 3,274.[109]
  • The amount of new cases of in a single day is the lowest since March 26.[109]

April 26:

  • The state reports 575 new cases, for a total of 37,778, as well as 41 new deaths, for a total of 3,315.[110]
  • This is the lowest single-day death toll since March 29.[110]

April 27:

  • The state reports 432 new cases, for a total of 38,210, as well as 92 more deaths, for a total of 3,407.[111]
  • This is the lowest amount of new cases in a single day since March 23.[112]

April 28: The state reports 1,052 new cases, for a total of 39,262, as well as 160 new deaths, for a total of 3,567.[113]

April 29: The state reports 1,137 new cases, for a total of 40,399, and 103 new deaths, for a total of 3,670.[114]

April 30: The state reports 980 new cases, for a total of 41,379, as well as 119 new deaths, for a total of 3,789.[115]

May[edit source | edit]

May 1–7[edit source | edit]

May 1:

  • The state reports 977 new cases, for a total of 42,356, as well as 77 more deaths, for a total of 3,866.[116]
  • Governor Whitmer extends the state of emergency until May 28.[117]
  • The state also reports 15,659 people have recovered from COVID-19 as of this date, 7,317 more than a week ago.[118]
  • A security guard was shot dead in Flint after telling a family that one of their members could not enter a Family Dollar because she didn't have a mask on. All four members of the family were charged with various crimes, with a 23-year-old man charged with first degree murder.[119][27][28]

May 2: The state reports 851 new cases, for a total of 43,207, as well as 154 new deaths, for a total of 4,020.[118]

May 3: The state reports 547 more cases, for a total of 43,754, as well as 29 new deaths, for a total of 4,049.[120]

May 4: The state reports 196 new cases, for a total of 43,950, as well as 86 new deaths, for a total of 4,135.[121]

May 5: The state reports 447 new cases, for a total of 44,397, as well as 44 new deaths, for a total of 4,179.[122]

May 6: The state reports 657 more cases, for a total of 45,054, as well as 71 new deaths, for a total of 4,250.[123]

May 7:

  • The state reports 592 more cases, for a total of 45,646, as well as 93 more deaths, for a total of 4,343.[124]
  • Governor Whitmer extends the stay-at-home order until May 28. It modifies some of the restrictions of previous orders and allows factories to re-open starting May 11.[25][26]

May 8–14[edit source | edit]

May 8:

  • The state reports 680 new cases, for a total of 46,326, as well as 50 new deaths, for a total of 4,393.[125]
  • The state also reports 22,686 people have recovered from COVID-19 as of this date, 7,027 more than reported the previous week.[2]

May 9: The state reports 380 new cases, for a total of 46,756, as well as 133 new deaths, for a total of 4,526.[2]

May 10:

  • The state reports 382 new cases, for a total of 47,138, as well as 25 more deaths, for a total of 4,551.[126]
  • This was the lowest single-day death toll since March 29.[127]

May 11: The state reports 414 new cases, for a total of 47,552, as well as 33 new deaths, for a total of 4,584.[3]

May 12: The state reports 469 new cases, for a total of 48,021, as well as 90 new deaths, for a total of 4,674.[128]

May 13: The state reports 370 new cases, for a total of 48,391, as well as 40 new deaths, for a total of 4,714.[129]

May 14: The state reports 1,191 new cases, for a total of 49,582, as well as 73 new deaths, for a total of 4,787.[130] The increase in numbers was partly due to some private laboratories switching to automatic case reporting instead of manual procedures which had resulted in a lag in reports reaching the state.[130]

May 15–21[edit source | edit]

May 15: The state reports 497 new cases, for a total of 50,079, as well as 38 new deaths, for a total of 4,825.[1]

Notable cases[edit source | edit]

Christian singer Sandi Patty tested positive for the virus on March 18, after having performed a concert at Andrews University in Berrien Springs, Michigan on March 8. Some individuals attended a VIP experience after the concert and had close contact with the singer. All of the VIP attendees were instructed to self-isolate and monitor symptoms through March 22.[131] Three subsequent cases in Berrien County have been linked to the concert.[132]

As of March 25, nine Detroit Police Department employees have tested positive for COVID-19, while 280 others have been placed in quarantine.[133][134][135] On March 24, one death was reported within the department, a 38-year-old civilian dispatcher.[134] A second death was reported on the same date, a commanding officer within the Department who died from complications with the virus.[136] Chief James Craig tested positive for the virus and was under quarantine for over two weeks.[137][138] As of March 25, six other Detroit city employees have contracted the virus, with numerous others placed under quarantine.[135] The officers and others reportedly contracted the disease at a community breakfast event at Ford Resource and Engagement Center in Detroit on March 6.[139] Seventy-six Detroit police officers and 17 firefighters were infected by March 31.[140]

Eighteen Wayne County Sheriff's Office employees have also tested positive for the virus, with the department's first confirmed death on March 25, a 63-year old Commander and 30-year veteran of the department.[141] Detroit Pistons player Christian Wood has also been diagnosed with COVID-19.[142] State representative Isaac Robinson from Detroit died from a suspected COVID-19 infection on March 29 at the age of 44.[143] On April 6, another state representative, Karen Whitsett, also from Detroit, reported she has been also been diagnosed with COVID-19.[144]

Notable clusters have been identified within the Michigan Department of Corrections, where 380 inmates and employees have tested positive for the virus within ten of Michigan's twenty-nine prisons as of April 10. At least 119 of the cases have been linked to the Parnall Correctional Facility in Jackson County.[145] The first employee death was linked to the Detroit Reentry Center.[146] There have been two inmate and two employee deaths.[145]

On April 1, the first ever case of acute necrotizing encephalitis linked to COVID-19 was discovered in the Henry Ford Health System in Detroit.[147]

On April 2, Hurley Medical Center pediatrician Dr. Mona Hanna-Attisha, who helped uncover the Flint water crisis, reported she tested positive for COVID-19.[148]

On April 6, Flint-based United Auto Workers executive Ruben Burks died from COVID-19 at the age of 86.[149] Also on April 6, Nathel Burtley, former superintendent of Flint Community Schools and Grand Rapids Public Schools, died from COVID-19 at the age of 79.[150]

As of April 9, eight employees at the Durand Senior Care and Rehab facility have tested positive for the virus and all residents are being quarantined in their rooms.[151] It confirmed eleven cases on April 12.[152] It reported 70 cases, 39 residents and 31 employees, on April 20.[153] On April 22, nearby nursing home The Lodges of Durand reported one staff member and three residents tested positive for COVID-19.[154]

A nursing home in Cedar Springs reported six deaths from COVID-19 on April 9. It had earlier reported 31 residents and five staff members had COVID-19.[155]

Also on April 9, it was reported 872 staffers in the Henry Ford Health System in Metro Detroit have tested positive for COVID-19.[156]

Kroger and Meijer reported on April 11 that several of their employees in the state have died from COVID-19. Kroger reported four deaths, while Meijer did not give an exact figure.[157]

On April 14, Regency nursing home in Grand Blanc Township reported 16 cases of COVID-19, four of them deaths.[158]

A Flint Police officer died of COVID-19 on April 17.[159] Also on April 17, Maple Woods Manor nursing home in Clio reported 13 of its residents have died from COVID-19.[160]

On April 19, a five-year-old Detroit girl became Michigan's youngest resident to die from COVID-19.[161]

On April 20, Hurley Medical Center reported one of its veteran public safety officers died of COVID-19.[162]

On April 21, it was reported 60 workers at a JBS Meat Packaging plant in Gun Plain Township tested positive for COVID-19.[163]

On May 12, former state politician Morris Hood III, who served in both houses of the legislature, died of COVID-19 at the age of 54.[164]

On May 11, 25 female residents and four staff members at Wolverine Home Services, a youth treatment facility in Vassar, tested positive for COVID-19.[165]

Government response[edit source | edit]

On February 3, the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS) activated its Community Health Emergency Coordination Center to support local and state response to the coronavirus.[166] On February 28, the State Emergency Operations Center was activated by Governor Gretchen Whitmer to assist with coordination.[167] On March 3, the Governor created four COVID-19 Task Forces: State Operations, Health and Human Services, Education, and Economy/Workforce.[168] A state of emergency at the state level was declared by the Governor on March 10 (Executive Order 2020-04).

As of March 11, all campuses of the Lake Superior State University, University of Michigan, Western Michigan University, Wayne State University, Michigan Technological University, Northern Michigan University, Michigan State University, Grand Valley State University, Saginaw Valley State University, Central Michigan University, and all community colleges, had various restrictions on students and faculty in response to the virus.[30][169][170]

On March 13, with Executive Order 2020-05, the Governor banned all gatherings of 250 or more people in a single space starting that day.[171] The ban made exceptions for residential facilities and child care services at schools in addition to exemptions for consumers buying groceries or products, for industrial and manufacturing work, and for public transport and other forms of mass transit (Executive Order 2020-05) [172] The ban was lowered to 50 people on March 16 per a CDC recommendation and is effective from March 17 – April 5.[10] The order was later updated to exclude houses of worship from penalty if they convened more than 50 people.[173]

Executive Order 2020-05 also included the closure of all K–12 school buildings from March 16 through April 5 (Executive Order 2020-05).[7] On April 2, the order was updated to suspend the remainder of the 2019–20 school year, unless crisis restrictions are otherwise lifted. The order included guidelines for the development and distribution of home learning materials. Additionally, all high school seniors will be given the opportunity to graduate on their previously anticipated date.[9]

Additionally, on March 13, the Michigan Department of Education was granted a federal waiver by the United States Department of Agriculture. The waiver allowed for students who will receive food from the Unanticipated School Closure SFSP to not be mandated to receive the food in a group setting.[174] The Michigan Department of Corrections banned visitors to prisons, along with prohibiting any volunteers from the prison. Staff at prisons will be required to have their temperature tested and be proven to be under 100.4 °F (38.0 °C) along with other measures.[175] The Michigan Career and Technical Institute suspended all programs until April 5.[176]

Michigan Secretary of State Jocelyn Benson issued an order starting March 16 to limit all Michigan Secretary of State branch offices to appointment-only instead of walk-ins. The only services provided by the offices will be for those applying for new licenses and IDs, for title transfers, and for testing for a license. All branches will no longer be open on Saturdays, with most weekday hours expanding. For those renewing their licenses, the proof of car insurance requirement was waived. Also waived were late fees associated with the change.[177]

Members of the Michigan Army National Guard loading medical supplies

On March 10, Attorney General Dana Nessel set up a hotline to report businesses price gouging goods such as toilet paper, meat, milk, bread, bottled water, face masks, hand sanitizers, and cleaning supplies. Sellers face fines if their asking price is at least 20% higher than it was on March 9, after an executive order from Governor Whitmer banned the practice, until April 16. The order includes a clause that exempts retailers if they "can prove the increase is attributable to an increase in cost of bringing the product to market or an extraordinary discount was in effect as of March 9".[15] As of March 19, at least 800 complaints have been received.[178] On March 19, Nessel sent a cease and desist letter to Menards after her investigators found evidence of price hikes, sometimes doubling the retail cost, on high-demand bleach and 3M face masks. In other instances, tipsters reported seeing face masks that cost $10 each, cases of water for $35, and bottles of hand sanitizer for $60. Whitmer issued a second order on March 20 which "focuses enforcement resources on the cases most pertinent to the emergency by clarifying which price increases constitute price gouging."[16] As of April 14, 3,541 complaints have been received.[179]

On March 17, the Michigan Legislature approved $125 million to fight the pandemic, with $50 million going towards the Department of Health and Human Services and another $40 million towards other state agencies for ongoing coronavirus response needs. Another $35 million was set in reserve in case more funding becomes necessary in the future.[38] On March 18, Governor Whitmer asked the Michigan Army National Guard to "assist the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services with assembling and loading critical personal protective equipment, such as gloves, gowns, and face shields."[39] In response to widespread rumors that were circulating regarding the National Guard's presence in the state, Whitmer reaffirmed on March 20 that there were no active plans to implement martial law, although she did indicate that state officials were monitoring the effectiveness of lock-down protocols in other states, should they become necessary.[40] On March 30, the legislature allocated an additional $150 million to purchase supplies to fight the pandemic.[41]

On March 20, Governor Whitmer signed an executive order banning landlords from filing eviction requests against tenants until April 17, which she says "relieves courts from certain statutory restrictions to enable them to stay eviction-related proceedings until after the COVID-19 emergency has passed".[13] Also on that date, Whitmer signed an executive order for medical and dental facilities to postpone any "non-essential" procedures, such as plastic surgery and teeth whitening, beginning March 20 through the time the State of Emergency is lifted.[14] On March 21, Whitmer issued an executive order to close facilities that provide non-essential personal care services such as hair and nail salons, tanning salons, spas, and businesses that offer massages, tattoos, body art, and piercings, until April 13.[17] On March 30, Governor Whitmer signed an executive order banning non-essential veterinary visits.[12]

On March 23, Governor Whitmer issued a statewide stay-at-home order, starting the morning of Tuesday, March 24, and lasting for at least three weeks, until April 13.[18] It was later extended until April 30, and then re-extended until May 15, and then until May 30.[24][23][25] "Stay Home, Stay Safe", Executive Order 2020–21 directed all businesses and operations to temporarily suspend in-person services that are not necessary to sustain or protect life. The order directed residents to remain "in their homes unless they’re a part of an essential workforce, engaged in an outdoor activity, or performing tasks necessary to the health and safety of themselves or their family, like going to the hospital, or grocery store." When leaving the house, individuals must adhere to social distancing measures, as directed by the CDC.[18] The new stay-at-home order, Executive Order 2020–42, signed April 9, closed golf courses, disallowed recreational boating and travel to vacation homes in the state, and banned customers from shopping in non-essential sections of retail stores and businesses, including carpeting, flooring, furniture, garden centers, plant nurseries or paint.[19][20][21][22] Failure to abide by the order may result in a $1,000 fine or 90 days in jail.[180] On April 15, Governor Whitmer ordered nursing homes to transfer coronavirus patients to separate units or special facilities and banned evictions from nursing homes. The order is in effect until May 13.[181] On April 17, Governor Whitmer outlined a plan to re-open the state's economy starting May 1, after her latest stay at home order expires.[182] The stay-at-home order was later extended to May 15, with some restrictions from the second one lifted and others added. The controversial bans of recreational boating and travel to vacation homes were removed, while non-medical grade face coverings in public will became mandatory starting April 26. Several businesses and sections of stores were allowed to reopen, including those gardening supplies and paint, as well as golf courses, but AirBnB rentals were banned.[24] The newest stay-at-home order modifies some of the restrictions from previous orders and allows manufacturing to re-start on May 11.[26] On April 27, Governor Whitmer signed an executive order placing several new regulations on restaurant and grocery stores and their employees.[183]

President Donald Trump approved Governor Whitmer's disaster declaration on March 28.[184] Michigan will get about $2 billion from the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act) signed into law on March 27.[185] On April 7, the state of emergency was extended until April 30.[186] It has since been extended it until May 28 which modifies some of the restrictions of previous orders.[117]

Starting April 13, new testing sites opened in Atlanta, Bad Axe, Bay City, Battle Creek, Benton Harbor, Detroit, Flint, Jackson, Kalamazoo, and Traverse City.[187]

As of April 13, 1,660 of 3,209 total ventilators are available.[188]

On April 16, Governor Whitmer joined the governors of Ohio, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Illinois, Indiana, and Kentucky to coordinate a plan to reopen the Midwest regional economy.[189]

Testing[edit source | edit]

During the week of March 16, Michigan Medicine started in-house testing for COVID-19, with the capabilities to deliver same-day results. This allowed the hospital to bypass the state's testing system, which was previously the sole provider of testing for the virus. The same week, the health system also launched drive-thru testing services for Michigan Medicine patients at West Ann Arbor Health Center, Brighton Health Center, and Canton Health Center.[190]

Similarly, Beaumont Health and Henry Ford Health System in Metro Detroit also developed in-house testing methods in an effort to increase overall testing capacity within the state.[190] On March 27, a regional drive-up testing center opened in Detroit, at the vacant State Fairgrounds site. A partnership between Wayne, Oakland, and Macomb counties, the city of Detroit, and three regional health systems, the center is able to test up to 400 residents a day, who are referred to the site from their doctor via scheduled appointments.[191] The state restructured reporting procedures and began incorporating private test results in official government case tallies on March 19.[55] On April 15, Hurley Medical Center in Flint opened a mobile testing clinic at Atwood Stadium, with capacity for at least 250 people per day. Testing is provided to those with orders from a doctor and is not open to the general public.[192] Similar drive-thru testing facilities have opened in Atlanta, Bad Axe, Battle Creek, Bay City, Benton Harbor, Grand Rapids, Jackson, Kalamazoo, Lansing, Saginaw, and Traverse City.[193]

Economic impact[edit source | edit]

On March 13, Delta Air Lines, which has a major hub at Detroit Metropolitan Airport, said it will cancel all flights to Europe for the next 30 days, decreasing flight amounts by 40% and grounding 300 planes.[35] Delta had previously indicated it would reduce international flights by 20–25% and domestic flights by 10–15%.[194] On April 28, Delta announced it will suspend flights to and from Flint, Lansing, and Kalamazoo and several other small hub airports across the country after losing $534 million in the first quarter of 2020 due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on aviation.[195] Michigan airports will receive a combined $256 million in federal aid to help ease economic hardship from the coronavirus crisis, funded by the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security (CARES) Act.[196]

Starting on March 15, several grocery chains that have stores in Michigan, including Kroger, Meijer, and Walmart, began reducing their business hours for cleaning and restocking in response to the pandemic.[197][36][37] Michigan-based automotive manufacturers General Motors, Ford, and Fiat Chrysler announced plans to gradually shut down plants starting March 19 and lasting until the end of the month.[198] Domino's Pizza, which is centered in the state, anticipated hiring up to 10,000 people to help meet an increased demand for food delivery services due to the pandemic,[199] while Jet's Pizza also prepared to hire "hundreds" of additional delivery drivers for the same reason.[200] Similarly, Michigan-based Meijer is projected to hire 40–50 new seasonal employees per store to help meet public demand during the outbreak.[201] On March 20, Kroger announced that starting the morning of March 23, all of its Michigan stores will be dedicating the first hour of business on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays to seniors, expectant mothers, first responders, and those with compromised immune systems.[202] On March 30, Kroger announced it will hire up to 2,000 people in Michigan in response to the pandemic.[203]

Also on March 30, Ford announced it will convert its Rawsonville Components Plant in Ypsilanti to produce GE/Airon Corporation Model A-E ventilators. It says it will produce 50,000 ventilators in the next 100 days.[204]

Temporary hospital in the TCF Center in Detroit.

The 2020 North American International Auto Show in Detroit was canceled on March 29, due to the use of its venue TCF Center as a FEMA facility.[205]

On the morning of March 16, Governor Whitmer announced a temporary order to close all bars and restaurants in the state to sit-down service, effective at 3pm the same evening until March 30. Carry-out and delivery options were excluded from the order, although restaurants were urged to limit in-building carry-out services to five customers at a time. The order also included fitness centers, theaters, casinos, and other venues that encourage large assemblages of patrons, with several exceptions, such as office buildings.[11][206] This order is expected to have significant economic impacts on businesses, and it prompted the Michigan Restaurant and Lodging Association to call for Whitmer to submit paperwork to qualify Michigan for the U.S. Small Business Administration Economic Injury Disaster Loan program.[206] The order also expands unemployment benefits to public health workers who become ill, people who need to take time off to care for children, and others, until April 14.[207] On March 19, the Michigan Strategic Fund unanimously voted to approve a $20 million economic relief program meant to help struggling small businesses affected by the pandemic.[208] The Michigan Unemployment Insurance Agency has processed over 1.7 million applications as of May 13, with 1.375 million people receiving benefits. The state has paid $5.62 billion in benefits since the state of emergency was declared two months prior.[43]

Impact on sports[edit source | edit]

Most of the state's sports teams were affected. Several professional leagues began postponing or suspending their seasons starting March 12. Major League Baseball cancelled the remainder of spring training on that date and on March 16, they announced that the season would be postponed indefinitely, after the recommendations from the CDC to restrict events of more than 50 people for the next eight weeks, which affected Michigan's team, the Detroit Tigers.[31] Also on March 12, the National Basketball Association announced the season would be suspended for 30 days, which affected the Detroit Pistons.[33] On March 14, Detroit Pistons power forward Christian Wood reportedly tested positive for COVID-19.[142] In the National Hockey League, the season was suspended for an indefinite amount of time, which affected the Detroit Red Wings.[32]

The NCAA also canceled all of its remaining tournaments for the academic year, including the 2020 NCAA Division I Men's Ice Hockey Tournament—whose national semi-finals and championship was scheduled to be hosted by Detroit.[34]

At the high school level, the Michigan High School Athletic Association canceled the remainder of the winter seasons and all of the spring seasons on April 3.[209]

Critical responses[edit source | edit]

Protests[edit source | edit]

On April 15, a convoy of thousands of motorists drove from all over the state to protest the extension of Governor Gretchen Whitmer's stay-at-home order.[210] The protest, known now as Operation Gridlock, involved clogging the streets surrounding on near the Michigan State Capitol, including the Capitol Loop, with their vehicles, drawing national attention.[211] The protest was organized by the Michigan Conservative Coalition, a group with ties to the DeVos family, through Facebook.[212] The Michigan Freedom Fund supported the rally by as an event co-host, spending an estimated $250 to promote the event.[213] The Michigan Conservative Coalition is asking the governor to take a more measured approach that would allow certain parts of work and daily life to start returning to normal.[214] The organizers urged participants to practice social distancing, and not leave their vehicles during the protest. Lt. Darren Green of the Michigan State Police estimated several thousand cars were part of the demonstration, with 100 to 150 people congregating on the Capitol lawn. “They’re doing a pretty good job of maintaining social distance," Green said. "They’re being respectful and not causing any issues at all.” Neither the Michigan State Police nor the Lansing Police Department had reported any arrests.[215] Multiple services have been disrupted as a result of Operation Gridlock, such as the Capital Area Transportation Authority (CATA) temporarily suspending their downtown route.[216] Governor Whitmer said the protest was legal per the First Amendment's right to freedom of assembly, and understood the protesters' anger, but warned them they were endangering their health by not following social distancing guidelines and noticed some people were not wearing personal protective equipment, including children, further adding "(It's) not a political decision, it's about public health. The enemy is the virus, not one another." [217][211] President Donald Trump supported the protest on April 17 with an all-caps tweet saying "Liberate Michigan".[218]

On April 30, a second protest occurred when hundreds of protesters, many carrying firearms, gathered at the Michigan Capitol. Many protesters were able to enter the building. The demonstration was organized by conservative group Michigan United for Liberty.[219] Governor Whitmer said on April 30 that she found elements of the protest ‘disturbing.’ Also, in an appearance May 3 on CNN’s State of the Union, the governor said the Confederate flags, nooses and Nazi signs displayed were ‘outrageous’ and racist, with some depicting her as Adolf Hitler.[220] Michigan United for Liberty held a second protest at the Capitol on May 14.[221]

Lawsuits[edit source | edit]

Governor Whitmer's executive orders banning non-essential activities have been the subject of three lawsuits. On April 14, a lawsuit filed in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan in Detroit on behalf of four citizens and one business owner against Governor Whitmer, challenging Executive Orders 2020–21 and 2020–42, claiming they harmed businesses and infringed on property rights of Michigan residents.[222] Another lawsuit was filed in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Michigan in Grand Rapids on April 16 by several plaintiffs against Governor Whitmer and several county prosecutors calling it a "Draconian" measure that violates Michigan residents’ constitutional rights.[223] Another lawsuit was filed by a group of recreational fisherman against Governor Whitmer in the same court on April 17, claiming her latest stay at home order "is an overreaction and overly broad” way to slow the coronavirus spread".[224] The Michigan United Conservation Clubs filed a lawsuit in the same court against Governor Whitmer on April 19 for the same reasons.[225] On April 22, Michigan United for Liberty sued Governor Whitmer, arguing that depriving people of the right to use their property amounts to unconstitutional unjust taking by the state government.[226] Governor Whitmer's third stay-at-home order, issued April 24, overturned the restrictions on recreational boating and visits to vacation homes, effectively ending some of the lawsuits.[227] On April 29, inmates from various Michigan prisons filed a class action lawsuit against the Michigan Department of Corrections in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan, claiming the state is violating the Eighth Amendment by subjecting inmates to cruel and unusual punishment by not taking necessary pandemic precautions.[228] On May 6, Michigan House of Representatives Speaker Lee Chatfield and Michigan Senate Majority Leader Mike Shirkey, both Republicans, sued Governor Whitmer, who is a Democrat, over her use of emergency powers during the pandemic, saying only the Michigan Legislature has the power to extend the state of emergency.[229] The next day, a group of churches sued Governor Whitmer, claiming "Executive Order 2020-70 continues to prohibit gatherings of two or more individuals, including at churches, thereby denying them the ability to hold worship services and otherwise carry out their ministry functions until May 28, 2020" violates their First Amendment right of freedom of religion.[230]

Statistics[edit source | edit]

Template:2019-20 coronavirus pandemic data/Michigan medical cases chart

Template:COVID-19 pandemic data/Michigan medical cases by county

References[edit source | edit]

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  143. State Rep. Isaac Robinson dies of suspected coronavirus infection Crain's Detroit Business, March 29, 2020
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  148. Flint's Dr. Mona Hanna-Attisha tests positive for coronavirus MLive.com, April 2, 2020
  149. Flint UAW giant Ruben Burks dies from coronavirus MLive.com, April 6, 2020
  150. First black superintendent of Flint schools dies from coronavirus MLive.com, April 6, 2020
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  153. Durand nursing home seeing spike in COVID-19 cases WJRT-TV (ABC 12), April 20, 2020
  154. COVID-19 hits another Shiawassee County assisted living facility MLive.com, April 24, 2020
  155. West Michigan nursing home now reporting 6 coronavirus deaths of residents MLive.com, April 9, 2020
  156. 872 staffers at Henry Ford Health System tested positive for COVID, but there are "signs of hope" Michigan Radio, April 9, 2020
  157. MI Meijer, Kroger employees die from COVID-19 WNEM-TV, April 11, 2020
  158. 4 coronavirus deaths, 16 cases reported at Grand Blanc-area nursing home MLive.com, April 14, 2020
  159. Flint neighborhood safety officer dies of coronavirus, city lowers flags to half-staff MLive.com, April 17, 2020
  160. 13 residents at Clio nursing home have died from the coronavirus WEYI-TV (NBC 25), April 17, 2020
  161. Michigan 5-year-old dies of coronavirus after complications MLive.com, April 20, 2020
  162. Hurley: Public safety officer who died from COVID-19 was 'larger than life' WNEM-TV, April 20, 2020
  163. 60 workers test positive for COVID-19 at Allegan Co. meat packaging plant WOOD-TV, April 21, 2020
  164. Former Michigan Sen. Morris Hood III dies at 54 from COVID-19 WDIV-TV, May 12, 2020
  165. 25 residents, 4 staff at Vassar youth facility test positive for coronavirus MLive.com, May 14, 2020
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  174. MDE Granted Federal Waiver for Meals to be Served During Closure Michigan.gov
  175. MDOC Halts All Visits at State Prisons Michigan.gov
  176. Michigan Career & Technical Institute to Close to Protect Against COVID-19 Michigan.gov
  177. Secretary Benson: Branch Operations Will Move to Appointment-Only for Three Weeks Michigan.gov
  178. Michigan coronavirus price-gouging hotline has received more than 800 tips, AG Dana Nessel says MLive.com, March 19, 2020
  179. Michigan AG’s office has received more than 3,500 complaints about price-gouging related to coronavirus MLive.com, April 14, 2020
  180. Violating Michigan's stay-at-home order is now a $1,000 fine Metro Detroit Times, April 3, 2020
  181. Whitmer orders nursing homes to transfer coronavirus patients to separate units or special facilities MLive.com, April 15, 2020
  182. Gov. Whitmer hints at how Michigan will start reopening, come May 1 MLive.com, April 17, 2020
  183. New coronavirus orders imposed on Michigan grocery stores, restaurants WJRT-TV (ABC 12), April 27, 2020
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  185. President Trump OKs major disaster declaration for Michigan AP/Macomb Daily, March 28, 2020
  186. Michigan’s state of emergency extended to April 30 MLive.com, April 7, 2020
  187. Flint & Bay City among 13 drive-thru COVID-19 testing sites WJRT-TV (ABC 12), April 11, 2020
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  189. 7 Midwestern governors announce their states will coordinate on reopening CNN, April 16, 2020
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  195. Delta Air Lines files to suspend all flights in Flint, Lansing and Kalamazoo MLive.com, April 28, 2020
  196. Michigan airports awarded $256 million in coronavirus crisis aid MLive.com, April 14, 2020
  197. Meijer to drop 24-hour service amid coronavirus pandemic MLive.com, March 19, 2020
  198. Detroit automakers agree to shut down all factories WJRT-TV (ABC 12), March 18, 2020
  199. Domino's to hire 10,000 new employees in response to coronavirus The Hill, March 19, 2020
  200. Jet's Pizza hiring hundreds to keep up with demand during coronavirus pandemic MLive.com, March 19, 2020
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  206. 206.0 206.1 Michigan bars, restaurants, gyms, theaters ordered to close by 3 p.m. due to coronavirus Detroit Free Press, March 16, 2020
  207. Michigan expands unemployment benefits amid coronavirus concerns to include sick workers, caregivers MLive.com, March 16, 2020
  208. Small businesses hurt by coronavirus can access $20M in support from Michigan Strategic Fund MLive.com, March 19, 2020
  209. MHSAA cancels remainder of winter and spring sports seasons WJRT-TV (ABC 12), April 3, 2020
  210. Thousands converge at Michigan Capitol to protest coronavirus stay-at-home order, Whitmer warns it will ‘put more people at risk’ MLive.com, April 15, 2020
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  217. Gov. Whitmer talks reopening Michigan, Wednesday's protest WILX, April 15, 2020
  218. Trump tweets 'LIBERATE MICHIGAN,' echoing Lansing protesters WZZM, April 17, 2020
  219. Clark, Dartunorro (April 30, 2020). "Hundreds of protesters, some carrying guns in the state Capitol, demonstrate against Michigan's emergency measures". NBC News. Retrieved May 1, 2020.
  220. Gov. Whitmer says protest 'depicted some of the worst racism’ and doesn’t represent Michigan MLive.com, May 3, 2020
  221. Soggy protesters demand Michigan Gov. Whitmer end the coronavirus ‘lockdown’ MLive.com, May 14, 2020
  222. Whitmer sued by residents, landscaping business over stay-at-home order MLive.com, April 14, 2020
  223. Whitmer’s stay-at-home order to slow spread of coronavirus is ‘draconian,' lawsuit says MLive.com, April 16, 2020
  224. West Michigan fishermen challenge Gov. Whitmer’s stay-at-home order MLive.com, April 17, 2020
  225. Fishing, boating vital in easing stress during coronavirus pandemic, conservation group says in lawsuit MLive.com, April 19, 2020
  226. Another group files lawsuit to challenge Gov. Whitmer's emergency powers WJRT-TV (ABC 12), April 22, 2020
  227. Boating activists who sued state over motor restrictions celebrate revision of Michigan stay-at-home order MLive.com, April 24, 2020
  228. Michigan prisoners call coronavirus exposure ‘cruel and unusual punishment’ in lawsuit MLive.com, May 1, 2020
  229. [ttps://www.freep.com/story/news/local/michigan/2020/05/06/republican-whitmer-emergency-powers/5174317002/ House and Senate sue Gov. Gretchen Whitmer over emergency powers] Detroit Free Press, Mary 6, 2020
  230. Churches file lawsuit against Whitmer for violating First Amendment rights during COVID-19 WEYI-TV (NBC 25), May 8, 2020

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