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COVID-19 pandemic in Papua New Guinea

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COVID-19 pandemic in Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea-map-blank.png
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationPapua New Guinea
First caseLae
Arrival date20 March 2020
OriginWuhan, Hubei, China
Confirmed cases62
Recovered11
Deaths
1[1]
Official website
Health.gov.pg

The COVID-19 pandemic in Papua New Guinea is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The virus was confirmed to have reached Papua New Guinea on 20 March 2020.[2] On 4 May, Papua New Guinea was declared COVID-19 free, however on 20 June, the government confirmed another case of COVID-19, meaning that the disease is now present again within the country.[3][4]

As of 26 July, Papua New Guinea has a total of 62 cases, 0 death and 11 recoveries.

Background[edit source | edit]

On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019.[5][6]

The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003,[7][8] but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll.[9][7]

Timeline[edit source | edit]

Template:2019–20 coronavirus pandemic data/Papua New Guinea medical cases chart

March 2020[edit source | edit]

On 20 March, the first case in Papua New Guinea was confirmed.[2]

April 2020[edit source | edit]

On 7 April, Papua New Guinea confirmed its second case of COVID-19.[10]

On 16 April, the PNG government confirmed five new COVID-19 cases.[11]

On 23 April, an elderly woman of age 45 from Eastern Highlands Province was confirmed to be infected. The tally now stands at 8 cases in Papua New Guinea.

May 2020[edit source | edit]

On 4 May, acting Health Secretary Dr Paison Dakulala reported that all known cases have recovered, but stresses that they don't know what they are fighting. 2,400 tests have been carried out with the bulk in Port Moresby.[12]

June 2020[edit source | edit]

On 20 June, the PNG government confirmed its ninth COVID-19 case.[3]

On 25 June, PNG confirmed its tenth case of COVID-19, a 27-year old member of the PNG Defence Force.[13]

On 26 June, the PNG government confirmed its eleventh COVID-19 case.[14]

July 2020[edit source | edit]

On 16 July, PNG confirmed four new cases of COVID-19; they are staff from the main laboratory that tests for the virus.[15]

On 18 July, PNG confirmed its 16th case of COVID-19.[16]

On 19, July, PNG confirmed its first death, a woman who had breast cancer. It was later confirmed that the woman died from causes unrelated to COVID-19.[17][18]

On 20 July, PNG confirmed two new cases of COVID-19.[19]

On 21 July, PNG confirmed eight new cases of COVID-19.[20]

On 22 July, PNG confirmed three new cases of COVID-19.[21]

On 23 July, PNG confirmed one new case of COVID-19.[22]

On 24 July, PNG confirmed its 32nd case of COVID-19.[23]

On 25 July, PNG confirmed seven new cases of COVID-19.[24]

On 26 July, PNG recorded its highest number of positive COVID-19 cases in a day, 23 new cases.[25]

Prevention measures[edit source | edit]

The Government of Papua New Guinea banned all travellers from Asian countries and closed its border with Indonesia, taking effect from 30 January.[26][27] On 16 April, due to additional confirmed cases in the National Capital District (NCD) and the Western Province, the Emergency Controller issued National Emergency Order No. 16, effectively locking down the NCD. The order established an 8 pm to 6 am curfew, prohibited most public gatherings, limited groups to four people, banned public transportation, and suspended alcohol and Betel nut sales. The order also prohibits domestic air travel and closes public venues such as gambling halls, night clubs, sports and sports clubs, and religious services.

On 3 May, the curfew for the |National Capital District and Central Province was lifted, alcohol restrictions have been lifted. Gatherings remain banned, social distancing measures have to be enforced, and washing hands before entering church services is mandatory.[28]

On 5 May, the schools reopened; however, some schools required face masks and others have sent their students back again.[29]

No cases have been reported in the Autonomous Region of Bougainville.[30]

References[edit source | edit]

  1. https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/country/papua-new-guinea/
  2. 2.0 2.1 "PNG Confirms first Case of Coronavirus-COVID −19". Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "An expatriate in Port-Moresby confirmed positive to COVID-19". postcourier.com.pg. Retrieved 20 June 2020.
  4. "Data on COVID-19 transmission in the Country not clear". EM TV. 4 May 2020. Retrieved 5 May 2020.
  5. Elsevier. "Novel Coronavirus Information Center". Elsevier Connect. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  6. Reynolds, Matt (4 March 2020). "What is coronavirus and how close is it to becoming a pandemic?". Wired UK. ISSN 1357-0978. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Crunching the numbers for coronavirus". Imperial News. Archived from the original on 19 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  8. "High consequence infectious diseases (HCID); Guidance and information about high consequence infectious diseases and their management in England". GOV.UK. Archived from the original on 3 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  9. "World Federation Of Societies of Anaesthesiologists – Coronavirus". www.wfsahq.org. Archived from the original on 12 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  10. "Live COVID-19 updates: PNG's 2nd COVID-19 cases sends entire province into lockdown, cases exceed 9,000 in Israel – Xinhua | English.news.cn". www.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 15 April 2020.
  11. "Five New COVID Cases Confirmed Today". www.looppng.com. Retrieved 16 April 2020.
  12. "Data on COVID-19 transmission in the Country not clear". EM TV. 4 May 2020. Retrieved 5 May 2020.
  13. "PNG's 10th Covid case 'evidence of local transmission'". RNZ. 25 June 2020. Retrieved 25 June 2020.
  14. "Eleventh covid case in PNG, army barracks". RNZ. 25 June 2020. Retrieved 26 June 2020.
  15. "Four new covid-19 cases in PNG are lab staff". RNZ. 17 July 2020. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  16. "New Covid-19 case recorded in PNG". RNZ. 18 July 2020. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  17. "Tests reveal cancer patient who died in PNG had Covid-19". RNZ. 20 July 2020. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  18. Editor, Ben Doherty Pacific (20 July 2020). "First coronavirus-linked death in Melanesia as Papua New Guinea outbreak spreads". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 21 July 2020.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  19. "Two more Covid-19 cases in PNG capital". RNZ. 21 July 2020. Retrieved 21 July 2020.
  20. "Residents of PNG capital to mask up as hospital cluster grows". RNZ. 21 July 2020. Retrieved 21 July 2020.
  21. "3 More Cases Announced as National Total Hits 30 – EMTV Online". Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  22. "PNG health staff assured of protective gear as cases rise". RNZ. 24 July 2020. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
  23. "COVID-19 Cases in PNG rise to 32". Papua New Guinea Today (in Indonesian). Retrieved 24 July 2020.
  24. "COVID-19 Cases in PNG Surge to 39". Papua New Guinea Today (in Indonesian). Retrieved 25 July 2020.
  25. "23 new COVID-19 cases announced in NCD – EMTV Online". Retrieved 26 July 2020.
  26. "Pacific countries, already hard hit by epidemics, take extreme coronavirus measures". The Washington Post. 29 January 2020. Archived from the original on 29 January 2020. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  27. "PNG to ban all travelers from Asian countries as it steps up response to coronavirus outbreak". ABC News. 28 January 2020. Archived from the original on 23 February 2020. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  28. "No More curfew for NCD and Central Provinces : Manning". Papua New Guinea Facts. Retrieved 5 May 2020.
  29. "Back to school". Loop Papua New Guinea. Retrieved 5 May 2020.
  30. "Bougainville desperate to get samples to PNG for Covid-19 testing". Radio New Zealand. 8 April 2020. Retrieved 19 April 2020.