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COVID-19 pandemic in Rwanda

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COVID-19 pandemic in Rwanda
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationRwanda
First caseKigali
Arrival date14 March 2020
(11 months, 2 weeks and 3 days)
OriginWuhan, China
Confirmed cases359 (as of 30 May)[1]
Active cases109 (as of 30 May)
Recovered250 (as of 30 May)
Deaths
1 (as of 31 May)

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached Rwanda in March 2020.

Background[edit source | edit]

On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019.[2][3]

The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003,[4][5] but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll.[6][4]

Timeline[edit source | edit]

March 2020[edit source | edit]

The first case of COVID-19 in Rwanda was confirmed on 14 March 2020.[7] Four other people were tested after the first case tested positive, bringing the number of cases to five.[8]

By 16 March, Rwanda confirmed two more cases in Kigali, bringing the total number of cases in the country to seven.[9] In an attempt to stop the spread of coronavirus, the Rwandan Ministry of Health announced on 18 March, via Twitter, that all international commercial passenger flights would be suspended for 30 days, with effect from 20 March.[10] Less than a day later, on 21 March, officials announced a two-week lockdown. Both public and private employees are to work from home, under strict measures. All borders are also to be closed, cargo and Rwandan nationals being exempt, with a mandatory 14-day quarantine.[11][12]

On 28 March, the Ministry of Health recorded six new COVID-19 cases, taking the total of those diagnosed with the virus to 60.[13]

April 2020[edit source | edit]

On 9 April, three new cases of coronavirus were identified, out of 720 samples examined in the previous 24 hours. This brought the total number of confirmed cases to 113 people (of which seven had recovered).[14]

May 2020[edit source | edit]

On 31 May, the first death was confirmed.[15]

Government reaction[edit source | edit]

In addition to the lockdown measures taken in March (see above), Rwanda National Police on 12 April announced the usage of drones to deliver messages to local communities on how to combat the coronavirus.[16]

See also[edit source | edit]

References[edit source | edit]

  1. "Rwanda Coronavirus: 359 Cases and 1 Deaths - Worldometer". www.worldometers.info. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  2. Elsevier. "Novel Coronavirus Information Center". Elsevier Connect. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  3. Reynolds, Matt (4 March 2020). "What is coronavirus and how close is it to becoming a pandemic?". Wired UK. ISSN 1357-0978. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Crunching the numbers for coronavirus". Imperial News. Archived from the original on 19 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  5. "High consequence infectious diseases (HCID); Guidance and information about high consequence infectious diseases and their management in England". GOV.UK. Archived from the original on 3 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  6. "World Federation Of Societies of Anaesthesiologists – Coronavirus". www.wfsahq.org. Archived from the original on 12 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  7. "Rwanda confirms first case of coronavirus - health ministry". Reuters. 14 March 2020. Archived from the original on 14 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  8. "Abanduye coronavirus mu Rwanda babaye batanu". BBC News Gahuza (in Kinyarwanda). 16 March 2020. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  9. "Rwanda confirms seventh coronavirus case". The East African. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  10. Mbabazi, Eunniah (19 March 2020). "Rwanda Suspends All International Flights". kenyanwallstreet.com. Retrieved 13 April 2020.
  11. "Rwanda in lockdown to contain coronavirus". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  12. "Rwanda steps up efforts to beat coronavirus". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  13. Kuteesa, Hudson (28 March 2020). "Rwanda COVID-19 cases increase to 60; all patients recovering well". The New Times. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  14. "Coronavirus - Rwanda : Mise à jour sur le coronavirus COVID-19 - 9 avril 2020". Alwihda Info - Actualités TCHAD, Afrique, International (in French). Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  15. Uwiringiyimana, Clement; Miriri, Duncan; Donovan, Kirsten (31 May 2020). "Rwanda reports its first death from the new coronavirus". Reuters. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
  16. Ashimwe, Edwin (12 April 2020). "Rwanda deploys drones to raise Covid-19 awareness in communities". www.newtimes.co.rw. Retrieved 13 April 2020.