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Chadema

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Template:Infobox political party Chadema is a center-right political party in Tanzania. It campaigns largely on an anti-corruption platform. The name is short for Chama cha Demokrasia na Maendeleo,[1] Swahili for Party for Democracy and Progress.

History[edit source | edit]

In the 1995 general election, the party won 4 out of 269 seats in the National Assembly and 42 councillors nationwide.

In 2000 election, the party did not have the presidential candidate but it won five seats in National Assembly elections held on the same day, along with 75 Councillors and three district councils: Kigoma, Karatu, and Tarime.[citation needed]

In the 2005 elections Chadema's presidential candidate, Freeman Mbowe, finished third out of ten candidates, with 5.88% of the vote. Chadema further increased its share in the national assembly as it continued becoming more and more popular, especially among younger people, and the party managed to install eleven members of parliament, in addition to 103 Councillors and the Chadema party retained the district councils of Kigoma, Tarime, and Karatu.

In the 2010 general elections, Chadema substantially increased its share of the national vote. Dr. Willbrod Peter Slaa, Secretary General of the party until August 2015, gained 27.1% of the vote in the presidential election, a substantial increase from the 5.88% of the vote gained by the Chadema candidate in the 2005 election. The party also won 48 seats, making it the second-largest party in the National Assembly. This was a first for the party. A further 467 Councillors and 7 District councils were claimed by Chadema. Most of the seats won by Chadema (geographically) are constituencies found in major towns and urban areas of Tanzania, including Arusha, Moshi, Mwanza, Mbeya, and Dar es Salaam, the latter of which is Tanzania’s financial capital and its largest city.

In the general election of October 2015, Chadema joined with other political parties: CUF (Civil United Front), NLD (National League for Democracy), and NCCR-Mageuzi to form Umoja wa Katiba ya Wananchi (UKAWA) and the union was represented by one presidential candidate, Edward Lowassa.[2]

Electoral history[edit source | edit]

Presidential elections[edit source | edit]

Election Party candidate Votes % Result
2005 Freeman Mbowe 668,756 5.88% Lost Red XN
2010 Willibrod Peter Slaa 2,271,491 27.05% Lost Red XN
2015 Edward Lowassa 6,072,848 39.97% Lost Red XN

National Assembly elections[edit source | edit]

Election Votes % Seats +/− Position Government
1995 396,825 37.78%
4 / 285
Increase 4 Increase 4th Opposition
2000 300,567 4.23%
5 / 285
Increase 1 Steady 4th Opposition
2005 888,133 8.2%
11 / 324
Increase 6 Increase 3rd Opposition
2010 1,839,569 23.86%
48 / 350
Increase 37 Increase 2nd Opposition
2015 4,627,923 31.75%
71 / 367
Increase 23 Steady 2nd Opposition

References[edit source | edit]

  1. Peter, Felister (20 October 2015). "Lowassa vows to improve Tunduma border post". IPP media. Archived from the original on March 5, 2016. Retrieved 22 October 2015.
  2. "Lowassa quits CCM, joins Chadema". The Narok Newspaper Edition. 29 July 2015. Retrieved 22 October 2015.

External links[edit source | edit]

Template:Tanzania political parties