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Kanagawa Prefecture

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Kanagawa Prefecture

神奈川県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese神奈川県
 • RōmajiKanagawa-ken
Flag of Kanagawa Prefecture
Flag
Official logo of Kanagawa Prefecture
Symbol
Location of Kanagawa Prefecture
Coordinates: Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:ISO 3166/data/JP' not found.
Country Japan
RegionKantō
IslandHonshu
CapitalYokohama
SubdivisionsDistricts: 6, Municipalities: 33
Government
 • GovernorYūji Kuroiwa (since April 2011)
Area
 • Total2,415.83 km2 (932.76 sq mi)
Area rank43rd
Population
 (October 1, 2015)
 • Total9,058,094
 • Rank2nd
 • Density3,770/km2 (9,800/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-14
Websitewww.pref.kanagawa.jp
Template:Infobox place symbols
Prefectural office of Kanagawa in Yokohama

Script error: No such module "Nihongo". is a prefecture of Japan located in the Kantō region of Honshu.[1] Kanagawa Prefecture is the second-most populous prefecture of Japan at 9,058,094 (1 October 2015) and has a geographic area of 2,415 km2 (932 sq mi). Kanagawa Prefecture borders Tokyo to the north, Yamanashi Prefecture to the northwest and Shizuoka Prefecture to the west.

Yokohama is the capital and largest city of Kanagawa Prefecture and the second-largest city in Japan, with other major cities including Kawasaki, Sagamihara and Fujisawa.[2] Kanagawa Prefecture is located on Japan's eastern Pacific coast on Tokyo Bay and Sagami Bay, separated by the Miura Peninsula, across from Chiba Prefecture on the Bōsō Peninsula. Kanagawa Prefecture is part of the Greater Tokyo Area, the most populous metropolitan area in the world, with Yokohama and many of its cities being major commercial hubs and southern suburbs of Tokyo. Kanagawa Prefecture was the political and economic center of Japan during the Kamakura period when Kamakura was the de facto capital and largest city of Japan as the seat of the Kamakura Shogunate from 1185 to 1333. Kanagawa Prefecture is a popular tourist area in the Tokyo region, with Kamakura and Hakone being two popular side trip destinations.

History[edit source | edit]

The prefecture has some archaeological sites going back to the Jōmon period (around 400 BCE). About 3,000 years ago, Mount Hakone produced a volcanic explosion which resulted in Lake Ashi on the western area of the prefecture.[citation needed]

It is believed[by whom?] that the Yamato dynasty ruled this area from the 5th century onwards. In the ancient era, its plains were very sparsely inhabited.[citation needed]

In medieval Japan, Kanagawa was part of the provinces of Sagami and Musashi.[3] Kamakura in central Sagami was the capital of Japan during the Kamakura period (1185–1333).

During the Edo period, the western part of Sagami Province was governed by the daimyō of Odawara Castle, while the eastern part was directly governed by the Tokugawa shogunate in Edo (modern-day Tokyo).[citation needed]

Commodore Matthew Perry landed in Kanagawa in 1853 and 1854 and signed the Convention of Kanagawa to force open Japanese ports to the United States. Yokohama, the largest deep-water port in Tokyo Bay, was opened to foreign traders in 1859 after several more years of foreign pressure, and eventually developed into the largest trading port in Japan. Nearby Yokosuka, closer to the mouth of Tokyo Bay, developed as a naval port and now serves as headquarters for the U.S. 7th Fleet and the fleet operations of the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force. After the Meiji period, many foreigners lived in Yokohama City, and visited Hakone. The Meiji government developed the first railways in Japan, from Shinbashi (in Tokyo) to Yokohama in 1872.[citation needed]

The epicenter of the 1923 Great Kanto earthquake was deep beneath Izu Ōshima Island in Sagami Bay. It devastated Tokyo, the port city of Yokohama, surrounding prefectures of Chiba, Kanagawa, and Shizuoka, and caused widespread damage throughout the Kantō region.[4] The sea receded as much as 400 metres from the shore at Manazuru Point, and then rushed back towards the shore in a great wall of water which swamped Mitsuishi-shima.[5] At Kamakura, the total death toll from earthquake, tsunami, and fire exceeded 2,000 victims.[6] At Odawara, ninety percent of the buildings collapsed immediately, and subsequent fires burned the rubble along with anything else left standing.[7]

Yokohama, Kawasaki and other major cities were heavily damaged by the U.S. bombing in 1945. Total Casualties amounted to more than several thousand. After the war, General Douglas MacArthur, the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers for the Occupation of Japan, landed in Kanagawa, before moving to other areas. U.S. military bases still remain in Kanagawa, including Camp Zama (Army), Yokosuka Naval Base, Naval Air Station Atsugi (Navy).[citation needed]

In 1945, Kanagawa was the 15th most populous prefecture in Japan, with the population of about 1.9 million. In the years after the war, the prefecture underwent rapid urbanization as a part of the Greater Tokyo Area. The population as of September 1, 2014, is estimated to be 9.1 million.[8] Kanagawa became the second most populous prefecture in 2006.

Geography[edit source | edit]

Kanagawa is a relatively small prefecture located at the southeastern corner of the Kantō Plain[9] wedged between Tokyo on the north, the foothills of Mount Fuji on the northwest, and the Sagami Bay[9] and Tokyo Bay on the south and east. The eastern side of the prefecture is relatively flat and heavily urbanized, including the large port cities of Yokohama and Kawasaki.

The southeastern area nearby the Miura Peninsula is less urbanized, with the ancient city of Kamakura drawing tourists to temples and shrines. The western part, bordered by Yamanashi Prefecture and Shizuoka Prefecture on the west,[10] is more mountainous and includes resort areas like Odawara and Hakone. The area, stretching 80 kilometres (50 mi) from west to east and 60 kilometres (37 mi) from north to south, contains 2,400 square kilometres (930 sq mi) of land, accounting for 0.64% of the total land area of Japan.[10]

As of 1 April 2012, 23% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park; Tanzawa-Ōyama Quasi-National Park; and Jinba Sagamiko, Manazuru Hantō, Okuyugawara, and Tanzawa-Ōyama Prefectural Natural Parks.[11]

Topography[edit source | edit]

Topographically, the prefecture consists of three distinct areas. The mountainous western region features the Tanzawa Mountain Range and Hakone Volcano. The hilly eastern region is characterized by the Tama Hills and Miura Peninsula. The central region, which surrounds the Tama Hills and Miura Peninsula, consists of flat stream terraces and low lands around major rivers including the Sagami River, Sakai River, Tsurumi River, and Tama River.[10]

The Tama River forms much of the boundary between Kanagawa and Tokyo. The Sagami River flows through the middle of the prefecture. In the western region, the Sakawa (river) runs through a small lowland, the Sakawa Lowland, between Hakone Volcano to the west and the Ōiso Hills to the east and flows into Sagami Bay.[9]

The Tanzawa Mountain Range, part of the Kantō Mountain Range, contains Mount Hiru (1,673 m or 5,489 ft), the highest peak in the prefecture. Other mountains measure similar mid-range heights: Mount Hinokiboramaru (1,601 m or 5,253 ft), Mount Tanzawa, (1,567 m or 5,141 ft), Mount Ōmuro (1,588 m or 5,210 ft), Mount Himetsugi (1,433 m or 4,701 ft), and Mount Usu (1,460 m or 4,790 ft). The mountain range is lower in height southward leading to Hadano Basin to the Ōiso Hills. At the eastern foothills of the mountain range lies the Isehara Plateau and across the Sagami River the Sagamino plateau.[9]

Cities[edit source | edit]

Map of Kanagawa Prefecture
     Government Ordinance Designated City      City      Town      Village

Nineteen cities are located in Kanagawa Prefecture.

Towns and villages[edit source | edit]

Prefectural office of Kanagawa

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Mergers[edit source | edit]

Festivals and events[edit source | edit]

Odawara Hōjō Festival
  • Tama River Firework event
  • Yokohama Port Anniversary Festival (June)
  • Kamakura Festival (April)
  • Hiratsuka Tanabata Festival (July)
  • Odawara Hōjō Godai Festival (May)
  • Yugawara Kifune Festival (July)

Transportation[edit source | edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1890979,756—    
19031,051,433+0.54%
19131,228,254+1.57%
19201,323,390+1.07%
19251,416,792+1.37%
19301,619,606+2.71%
19351,840,005+2.58%
19402,188,974+3.53%
19451,865,667−3.15%
19502,487,665+5.92%
19552,919,497+3.25%
19603,443,176+3.35%
19654,430,743+5.17%
19705,472,247+4.31%
19756,397,748+3.17%
19806,924,348+1.59%
19857,431,974+1.43%
19907,980,391+1.43%
19958,245,900+0.66%
20008,489,974+0.59%
20058,791,597+0.70%
20109,048,331+0.58%
20159,058,094+0.02%
source:[12]

Kanagawa's transport network is heavily intertwined with that of Tokyo (see: Transportation in Greater Tokyo). Shin-Yokohama and Odawara stations on the Tōkaidō Shinkansen are located in the prefecture, providing high-speed rail service to Tokyo, Nagoya, Osaka, and other major cities.

Railways[edit source | edit]

Subways[edit source | edit]

Monorail[edit source | edit]

People movers[edit source | edit]

Road[edit source | edit]

Expressway[edit source | edit]

National highways[edit source | edit]

Ports[edit source | edit]


Education[edit source | edit]

The Kanagawa Prefectural Board of Education manages and oversees individual municipal school districts. The board of education also directly operates most of the public high schools in the prefecture.

University facilities[edit source | edit]

Sports[edit source | edit]

Facilities[edit source | edit]

Football and athletics[edit source | edit]

Baseball[edit source | edit]

Indoor[edit source | edit]

Other[edit source | edit]

Teams[edit source | edit]

Soccer (football)[edit source | edit]

Baseball[edit source | edit]

Basketball[edit source | edit]

Volleyball[edit source | edit]

Visitors attractions and places of interest[edit source | edit]

Sister areas[edit source | edit]

Kanagawa Prefecture has sister relationships with these places: [13]

In popular culture[edit source | edit]

See also[edit source | edit]

Notes[edit source | edit]

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kanagawa" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 466, p. 466, at Google Books; "Kantō" in p. 479, p. 479, at Google Books.
  2. Nussbaum, "Yokohama" in pp. 1054–1055, p. 154, at Google Books.
  3. Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 466, p. 466, at Google Books.
  4. Hammer, Joshua. (2006). Yokohama Burning: the Deadly 1923 Earthquake and Fire that Helped Forge the Path to World War II, p. 278, p. 278, at Google Books.
  5. Hammer, pp. 114–115, p. 114, at Google Books.
  6. Hammer, pp. 115-116, p. 115, at Google Books.
  7. Hammer, p. 113, p. 113, at Google Books.
  8. 神奈川県人口統計調査公表資料 (Report). 2014. Archived from the original on 2014-10-13.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 Template:Webtrans
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 Template:Webtrans
  11. "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Archived (PDF) from the original on 21 April 2012. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
  12. Statistics Bureau of Japan
  13. "Friendly/Sister Affiliations of Kanagawa Prefecture and the Municipalities : Kanagawa". Kanagawa Prefectural Government. February 1, 2016. Archived from the original on July 19, 2016. Retrieved July 17, 2016.
  14. "Memorándum de Entendimiento entre el Estado de Aguascalientes, de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos, y el Gobierno de la Prefectura de Kanagawa, Japón" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-12-04. Retrieved 2017-12-04.

References[edit source | edit]

External links[edit source | edit]

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